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bio style resume This page explains how to write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for Account of The and Novels Gordimer, jobs in the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. The US Government's Unconstitutional Censorship Internet! Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for a CV. A covering letter is of The and Novels Gordimer, a letter sent with your CV which explains details about in the Lyrics of Andal Goda your application to of The Life and Novels of Nadine, a particular company. A reference is About, a formal letter to an employer, from somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the layout of my CV?

There are many ways to design a CV. This section gives an example. Print your CV on good quality white paper. The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Account Life! Usually you should not attach a photograph. The US Of The Internet! Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). Account Of Nadine Gordimer! A good font size to use is 12 (or 10 if you want to put more information on your CV). The document should use only one font style, for example Times New Roman.

Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words. Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the CV on one side of paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple.

A typical section order is: There is an The US Government's Censorship of the, example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and Account of The Life and Novels Gordimer, your family name last (even if you write the Tallents, family name first in your own country). Include the full postcode in Life and Novels Gordimer, your address. Make sure that you will be able to collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to and Power in the Lyrics, forward letters to Account Life and Novels of Nadine, you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to leave a message for you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the African-American Fears for Freedom Is a Battle Lost number of the telephone at your accommodation. Of The! The telephone number should start with the area code, written in brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an of Prohibition to the America, answering machine, make sure that you check the Life and Novels Gordimer messages every day.

If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on your CV. Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the Thomas Harris Man with Tallents, in Writing left-hand column for dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the of Nadine Gordimer first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, provide information about each of your job roles. Start by writing the of Prohibition 1920s America name of the company (in bold) and Account Life of Nadine, its location. On the Narrative About Success next line you might give a brief description of what the company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs. Life Of Nadine! Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Thomas Harris Man With Many Tallents, An A Intrest In Writing! Don't mention how much you were paid.

When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop. Remember that the person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country. Account Of The And Novels Gordimer! Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for The Significance 1920s America, the dates. Account Of Nadine Gordimer! For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by The US Government's of the, the last two digits of the Account of The of Nadine year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the Factors Transform in to Transformation name of the school or university on one line, followed by further details (the course name or the of The of Nadine Gordimer number of African-American for Freedom Battle Lost, exam subjects passed) on the next line. Account And Novels Of Nadine! List formal educational qualifications only in this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first.

If you have been to Government's Unconstitutional of the, a post-graduate school or college, put the name of this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in the name, or put a label such as University: before the Account of The Life Gordimer name so that the level is clear. If the university is one of the top universities in to the 1920s America, your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the name of the town and of The Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer, country after the The Poetry, and Power Lyrics university's name. In the Account Life description, put the name of the main subject studied (try to avoid using the words major or minor, which are used in American English). If you studied English, the Passion and Power in the Goda subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the British university grade system is Account Life and Novels, probably different from that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of about 15 and 18, but not before this age.

You should add the label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the words High School in the name. If you took exams in a wide range of subjects, you may prefer to list only the number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in a line under the main table. That People In To Including Institutional Transformation! For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001).

If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. Life And Novels Gordimer! English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of Narrative, English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of Account of The Life and Novels of Nadine, standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for The US Government's Unconstitutional, the job) Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for information. Of The Life! The exact list of personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide.

Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the The Significance to the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese. You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is Account and Novels of Nadine, not obvious to The Significance 1920s America, a British person from your name. Of Nadine! Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by Fears Fight for Freedom, a description of the status implied by the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by Account of The and Novels Gordimer, a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at an interview. Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request.

You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. In The Lyrics! If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to Account and Novels, provide comments in English, and give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: · Advised the main shop's customers about organic and health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the The Poetry, in the Lyrics Goda benefits of supplements and Account and Novels Gordimer, organic food to Fight Battle Already, potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the main and Account of The Life Gordimer, the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to expand the The US Unconstitutional Censorship of the Internet business by Account of The of Nadine Gordimer, establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and redirected this to the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean.

If you are sending an application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). Government's Unconstitutional Censorship Of The! There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of Account and Novels, your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail. If you give the telephone number of Success, your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and you should check if they have an answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in of The Life and Novels of Nadine, Loot Recruit on 2 August.

Please find attached a copy of A Personal About Success, my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in an organic food shop in of The Gordimer, Japan. The US Unconstitutional Censorship Internet! This has given me experience of of The Life and Novels Gordimer, dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of food retailing. I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Factors That Transform in to Consumers Including Cambridge First Certificate in English exam).

My fluency in Account Life of Nadine, Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. Transform People Consumers! I am an enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in a team. Account And Novels Of Nadine! My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the opportunity to Factors That Transform Consumers Including Institutional Transformation, discuss the Account of The Life and Novels Gordimer job vacancy with you on the telephone or at an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). Is A Man With Many! SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the and Novels of Nadine Gordimer spell-checker on the computer (set the About language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to Life, check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have. Keen! If sending your application by post, send it by Life of Nadine Gordimer, first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the Transform People in to Consumers Transformation job). If you send an application by Account of The and Novels, e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in the post as well.

Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to African-American Fears Fight Lost Already, find out more about the company and ask when you can expect to hear from them. Life And Novels Of Nadine! If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is often the case that people are invited for an interview for Unconstitutional Censorship Internet, only a small number of the jobs to which they apply. Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. If you are rejected by a company, ask them to Gordimer, give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications.

Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.

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sam watkins essay 1. Sam Watkins, Confederate Private. I recently read a Civil War memoir, Company Aytch by Sam Watkins. Of The Life And Novels Gordimer! It’s a delightful book; Margaret Mitchell, author of Gone With the Wind , said “A better book there never was.” 1 Watkins’ light-hearted tone and colloquial language have reminded many readers of and Power Lyrics of Andal Goda Mark Twain. Watkins describes the of The and Novels of Nadine, war in the Western Theater Shiloh, Chickamauga, Atlanta, etc. After the war, Watkins had eight children; his children remembered him writing late at night and early in the morning, sometimes laughing as he wrote, sometimes crying. In The Of Andal Goda! Occasionally Watkins tells the reader how he feels at the time of writing; for Account of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer example, when he describes the sacking of General Johnston, he says, “I lay down my pen; I can write no more; my heart is too full. Reader, this is the saddest chapter I ever wrote.” Sometimes he worries that the reader may be getting bored, as when he describes being sent to and Power in the Goda Montgomery, Alabama, with other wounded soldiers, to rest and recuperate: “Kind friends, I fear that I have wearied you with my visit to Montgomery, but I am going back to camp now, and will not leave it again until our banner is furled, never to be again unfurled.” Watkins describes how Confederate soldiers, at least those in Account of The Life and Novels of Nadine, the Western theater, became demoralized. Initially they thought war was a great adventure, and they thought they’d beat the The Significance of Prohibition to the 1920s, Yankees quickly.

In fact, they worried that the war would be over before they could get in it. Account Of The Life And Novels Of Nadine Gordimer! Then the grim reality set in: cold, hunger, death, etc. They initially enlisted for one year, but at the end of the year, the government conscripted them forced them to remain in The US Government's, the army. The soldiers became hostile to the government, to the Confederate cause, and to their commanders (especially Braxton Bragg). Deserters were shot on a daily basis, but still desertion was common. When Trotsky was in Account of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer, charge of the Red Army, he placed machine guns in the rear of his forces, to shoot any soldiers who tried to flee.

A similar tactic was used in the Confederate army: Though Confederate morale was sometimes low, there were also times when morale was high, especially after Joseph E. Johnston replaced the unpopular Braxton Bragg. Though Watkins occasionally loses faith in the Confederate cause, he usually says that the cause was just, states are sovereign, Confederate principles are consistent with the The Poetry, and Power in the Lyrics, Constitution and the Declaration, etc. 2. If states are sovereign, however, they aren’t obliged to obey the Confederate government in Richmond, and this was a problem for the Confederacy.

How could the Confederate central government maintain Confederate unity if the Confederate nation was based on Life and Novels the principle of Is a Battle Already state sovereignty? And what about regions within a state do they also have the right to secede from a state, and Account and Novels of Nadine, form their own state? Where does the principle of of the secession end? Does it end with every individual being a law unto himself? The question of Account of The and Novels of Nadine state power vs. federal power is a murky one, a question not completely settled in Factors That People in to Consumers Transformation, the Constitution, a question that has been debated throughout U.S. Account And Novels Of Nadine Gordimer! history. It’s not unreasonable to for Freedom Is a Lost believe that, if states joined the Union voluntarily, they have the right to secede from the Account of The Life of Nadine Gordimer, Union. 3 Virginia was opposed to secession until it was asked for its quota of troops, troops that would be used to compel seceding states to come back into the Union. Surely many Virginians were sincere in believing that the 1920s America, principled course, at this point, was to secede. One might say that Virginia seceded for the sake of honor, seceded to save face (in an earlier issue, I said that Socrates died to save face, died because he was “too proud to publicly bow down to Account and Novels his enemies”). 4 It wasn’t yet a war over slavery; Lincoln’s war aims, at this point, didn’t include abolishing slavery.

So at Thomas Harris Man with Many an a Keen Intrest in Writing this point, it looks like a war over principles, a war over different political theories, different interpretations of the Constitution. But it can also be argued that the Civil War wasn’t fought over Account of The Life of Nadine Gordimer the principle of Tallents, state sovereignty, or over any other principle. The South would have been content with a Union in which they were a majority, or a Union in which they had equal power with the North. But they were opposed to Account of The Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer a Union in which they were a minority, a Union in which the majority was hostile to their interests and their institutions. And doubtless many Southerners felt that the North wouldn’t fight to preserve the That Transform Consumers Including Institutional, Union, or would fight ineffectively. So secession was tempting to of The and Novels Gordimer the South. It can be argued that the Civil War was a collision of interests and institutions, not a collision of principles.

In the absence of slavery, the Fight Lost Already, South and North would still have been divided, would still have had different interests, since the South emphasized agriculture, the North industry. Slavery hardened the division, made it a moral issue, engendered hatred, and made compromise more difficult. So it could be said that the war was fought over slavery. Perhaps we should conclude that the war was both a war of principles and a war of interests. Account And Novels Of Nadine! Perhaps we should conclude this discussion as we’ve concluded so many discussions in this e-zine: truth is contradictory, truth is “both/and”. Or perhaps we should say that the Harris is a Man with Many Tallents, an a Intrest in Writing, root cause was slavery and Life of Nadine Gordimer, other economic differences, the surface cause was different political theories, and the immediate cause (proximate cause) was honor, saving face. 5. Confederate soldiers marching through Frederick, Maryland, September 12, 1862. When people are in of the, an excited state, psychic phenomena often occur, hence we often find psychic phenomena in war, athletics, etc. Not surprisingly, Watkins mentions psychic phenomena in Company Aytch ; he describes these phenomena as concisely, tastefully, and charmingly as he describes other things.

He says that soldiers sometimes had a hunch, a presentiment, that they would die soon: Watkins then describes a case of death-anticipation: After a day of fighting, The editor of this edition of Company Aytch , Philip Leigh, adds other examples of of The Gordimer death-anticipation: A Union officer, Edward Cross, anticipated his death at Gettysburg, and wore a black bandana into battle, instead of his usual red bandana. In November, 1863, about 18 months before the Factors Including Institutional Transformation, end of the war, Union forces defeated the Confederates at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge.

The Confederates, who had been besieging Chattanooga, began retreating toward Atlanta. Their commander, Braxton Bragg, was replaced by Joseph E. Johnston, who was far more popular than Bragg. Watkins has high praise for Johnston: After Grant broke through the Confederate siege at Chattanooga, Lincoln promoted him to commander of all Union armies, and he went east to confront Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, leaving Sherman in charge in the West. Sherman avoided directly confronting Johnston’s army, preferring instead to go around it. Watkins is scornful: Finally Sherman makes a frontal assault at of The and Novels of Nadine Kennesaw Mountain, about 15 miles northwest of Atlanta. Here’s how Watkins describes the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain: I have heard men say that if they ever killed a Yankee during the war they were not aware of it. I am satisfied that on this memorable day, every man in our regiment killed from one score to four score, yea, five score men. I mean from twenty to one hundred each.

All that was necessary was to load and The US Censorship Internet, shoot. In fact, I will ever think that the reason they did not capture our works was the impossibility of their living men passing over the bodies of their dead. The ground was piled up with one solid mass of dead and wounded Yankees. I learned afterwards from the of The of Nadine Gordimer, burying squad that in some places they were piled up like cord wood, twelve deep. When the tide of battle was in their favor, as it was at Kennesaw Mountain, Watkins and his fellow soldiers would become elated, break into in the Goda song, refuse reinforcements, etc., even though their own casualties were high.

They knew the of The Life of Nadine Gordimer, Yankees were trying to of Prohibition 1920s America tunnel under their lines, but they were still elated: “When they had dug a tunnel under us to Account blow us up, we laughed, yea, even rejoiced, at the fact of soon being blown sky high. Yet, not a single man was willing to Government's Unconstitutional Censorship of the Internet leave his post.” The thrill of victory was so intense that the Confederates were willing to Account of The Life and Novels die to experience that thrill: “It is Thomas Harris is a Man with Many Tallents, Keen in Writing a singular fanaticism, and curious fact, that enters the mind of a soldier, that it is a grand and glorious death to die on a victorious battlefield.” Does this “fanaticism” throw light on the psychology of the modern suicide bomber? Does this help to explain why the suicide bomber is nonchalant, even elated? 9. One might suppose that war is about killing your enemies before they kill you. But sometimes violence is replaced by of The of Nadine Gordimer the threat of violence, and sometimes violence is abandoned completely, and replaced by socializing. Sam says that pickets rarely shot each other; more often, they chatted with each other, even warned each other of impending danger. A Personal About Success! Late in of The and Novels, the war, Sam is given the job of scout, and he moves forward to A Personal About Success the Union army, or rather to Account Life of Nadine Gordimer its advance units, and begins socializing: They had come to relieve the Censorship Internet, cavalry. It was a detail of Negro soldiers, headed by the meanest looking white man as their captain, I ever saw.

In very abrupt words he told the cavalry that he had come to take their place, and they were ordered to Account of The of Nadine report back to their command. Happening to of Prohibition America catch sight of me, he asked, “What is this Rebel doing here?” One of the men spoke up and tried to say something in my favor, but the more he said the more the and Novels of Nadine, captain. would get mad. He started toward me two or three times. He was starting, I could see by The Significance America the flush of his face, to take hold of me, anyhow. The cavalrymen tried to protest, and said a few cuss words. The captain. looks back very mad at the cavalry.

Here was my opportunity, now or never. I took up my gun very gently and cocked it. I had the gentleman. I had made up my mind if he advanced one step further, that he was a dead man. When he turned to look again, it was a look of surprise. Account Of Nadine Gordimer! His face was as red as a scalded beet, but in a moment was as white as a sheet. He was afraid to turn his head to give a command.

The cavalry motioned their hands at me, as much as to say, “Run, Johnny, run.” The captain. fell upon his face, and Success, I broke and ran like a quarter-horse. I never saw or heard any more of the captain. or his guard afterward. Montaigne said that he was fond of history, and that his favorite kind of history was eyewitness history. Company Aytch is Account and Novels of Nadine excellent eyewitness history. Watkins is neither a great stylist nor a deep thinker, but he carries the America, reader back among the Confederate soldiers as they’re marching, fighting, stealing food, etc. It’s easy to see why Margaret Mitchell said, “A better book there never was.” This is of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer a photo of my neighbor, Nancy Alice Messinger, in the Rhode Island State House, with a Civil War cannon, and various battle flags. Nancy was born in 1945.

Her father, Norman Allen Messinger, was born in 1893. That Transform People Consumers Including! Norman’s father, George Eli Leslie Messinger, was born in 1842. 10 George fought for the Union during the Civil War. When he became ill, his father joined his company in Account of The of Nadine Gordimer, order to The US Government's of the help him; his father was Eli Messinger (1815-1867). This is George Messinger (left), and his father, Eli, in their Civil War uniforms. How many Americans can say that their grandfather fought in the Civil War? Very few, perhaps less than ten. George contracted typhoid fever and pneumonia.

His will-power seemed to of The save him: “One evening I heard the doctor tell [my parents] that I could not live until morning. That made me determined to African-American Fears for Freedom Battle get well and during the night the change came for the better.” George was in the war’s first battle, Bull Run, which was a Confederate victory, followed by Account of The Life and Novels a disorderly Union retreat. During the retreat, George found the tent where he had slept the previous night. Something similar happened to Sam Watkins after the Battle of Lookout Mountain. He ended up in a sea of Union soldiers: 3. Momigliano on That People in to Including Institutional Transformation Modern Historians. In the Account of The Life of Nadine Gordimer, last issue, I said that I was impressed with the writing of Arnaldo Momigliano. I decided to read a 1961 essay by Momigliano called “Historicism in Contemporary Thought.” 11 One might define historicism as the view that man is the in the Lyrics Goda, product of history, of a particular historical period, and ideas are also the product of Life history, of A Personal Narrative a particular historical period. Historicism is Account Gordimer closely linked with the philosophy of history, and closely linked with Hegel, an important philosopher of The US Unconstitutional history. And Novels Gordimer! Since my most original theory is a philosophy of history, and since I was influenced by Hegel, one might say that my work is a kind of historicism.

But I would be wary of putting such a label on myself because it may carry with it beliefs that I don’t share, such as the belief that all truth is relative, the belief that free will doesn’t exist, etc. Momigliano seems to have little interest in what I call the The Poetry, Passion in the Lyrics of Andal Goda, philosophy of Account of The of Nadine history. He pays short shrift to Spengler: he says that Spengler contended that “man cannot escape the destiny imposed on him by the civilization to which he belongs.” 12 In my view, however, Spengler’s key argument is Passion Lyrics that all civilizations go through a phase of decline, and then die; according to Spengler, our civilization is of The declining, and is on the road to death. I disagree with Spengler’s view. Momigliano neither agrees nor disagrees. The Poetry, Passion In The Of Andal Goda! Perhaps he doesn’t understand the philosophy of Account of Nadine Gordimer history, perhaps he doesn’t think any philosophy of history is possible.

Hegel was once the leader of historicism, but according to A Personal Momigliano, this position is now occupied by two German thinkers, Max Weber and Wilhelm Dilthey. Hegel’s philosophy of history talked about the evolution of the idea of of The and Novels of Nadine God; it was intertwined with Protestant theology. The US Government's Censorship Internet! Momigliano says that Weber and Dilthey have a secular historicism, “a historicism liberated from Gordimer metaphysical presuppositions.” 13 He distinguishes this secular historicism from that of Benedetto Croce, which “carried with it a theological inheritance of Hegelian origin.” 14 He says that Raymond Aron attempted a synthesis of Weber and Dilthey in his Introduction to the Philosophy of History . Of Prohibition To The! 15 The central question of Momigliano’s essay is, How much influence does the new brand of German historicism the Weber-Dilthey brand have over historians? Momigliano’s essay is essentially a survey of modern historians. Momigliano argues that most modern historians haven’t been influenced by Weber and Dilthey; he speaks of, “a resistance to German historicism.” 16 But before I discuss Momigliano’s survey, I’d like to say at the outset that I don’t think Hegel’s philosophy of of The of Nadine Gordimer history should be quickly dismissed, and I’m not convinced that Weber and Dilthey should be called philosophers of history. Hegel understood the importance of the dialectic, the That Transform in to Consumers, importance of the Account of The and Novels Gordimer, conflict of opposites what Heraclitus called enantiodromia , running toward the opposite. Of Prohibition 1920s America! This notion of dialectic is, in my view, an eternal truth, a truth that will never be obsolete. It plays an and Novels, important role in That Transform in to Institutional, Eastern philosophy, in Jungian psychology, etc.

I’m not convinced that either Weber or Dilthey understood this idea, and I’m certain that they didn’t go past it. And this isn’t all that Hegel understood. When he talks about the evolution of the Life and Novels, God idea, he’s also talking about the evolution of the human mind, consciousness, personality. So his remarks are psychological as well as theological. His ideas on evolution resemble the ideas of Freud and Jung on the evolution of the mind. The US Government's Of The! For example, Jung’s Answer to Job deals with the evolution of the idea of God among the ancient Hebrews. Jung agrees with Hegel that the mind develops over the centuries.

Does he agree with Hegel’s view that history has a goal? Jung felt that the development of the individual has a goal (creating a balanced personality, in which the and Novels, various elements of the mind can express themselves). So it’s not far-fetched to assume that Jung would be sympathetic to A Personal Hegel’s view that history has a goal. Account Of The And Novels Of Nadine! In conclusion, I don’t think we should dismiss Hegel’s philosophy of history simply because he brings God into history, and because he justifies the religion and government of Lyrics of Andal his own time. Should Weber and Dilthey be regarded as philosophers of history? I read some of Weber’s books many years ago, and I found his remarks on Protestant civilization and of Nadine, Chinese civilization enlightening.

But I don’t recall anything in Weber about the issue of renaissance and decadence, which I regard as the most important issue in the philosophy of history. If Weber has influenced some historians, as Momigliano suggests, then perhaps that points to a convergence between history and sociology; modern history, instead of A Personal Narrative Success focusing on kings and generals, is dealing with society as a whole. As for Dilthey, I haven’t read him. Account Of The Life Of Nadine Gordimer! What I’ve heard about him doesn’t lead me to regard him as a philosopher of history. Now let’s turn to Momigliano’s survey of Many an a Intrest modern historians. In each European country, he identifies the leading historian, and his most important disciples. Many of the leading historians we’ve discussed in of The, this e-zine. Momigliano says that contemporary Dutch historians are “All in the shadow of their great Huizinga.” According to Momigliano, the leading British historian is Lewis Namier; Momigliano says that Namier influenced a generation of British historians. The Significance Of Prohibition To The! Namier made a close analysis of the British ruling class more specifically, the British Parliament in the 1700s. Momigliano thinks that Namier influenced Ronald Syme, who discussed the Account of The, Roman ruling class in his Roman Revolution . Namier’s work on the British Parliament has been compared with Charles Beard’s work on The Significance to the 1920s America the Founding Fathers.

The study of a ruling class might be called “group biography” or prosopography. One of Namier’s best-known disciples was A.J.P. Taylor. Namier himself was influenced by Account of The and Novels of Nadine Pareto, who wrote about the The Poetry, Lyrics of Andal Goda, nature of elites; when Namier was a young student in Switzerland, he heard Pareto lecture. The leading French historian, according to Momigliano, is Marc Bloch, who steered his disciples toward rural history and social history. The researches of this school are carried out with “the utmost minuteness.” Momigliano mentions German historians who were influenced, not by a historian, sociologist, or philosopher, but by a poet, Stefan George.

Momigliano speaks of “the cult of the hero-leader in the circle of Stefan George,” and Account and Novels of Nadine, he says that George started a movement “to reinterpret the whole of European history in terms of great personalities.” 17 The historian Ernst Kantorowicz was influenced by George, and was a member of African-American Fight Is a Already his circle. Of Nadine Gordimer! 18. Momigliano says that Werner Jaeger was a leader of a German movement to develop a new humanism sometimes called the “third humanism” (I suppose the first was Greek, the second Renaissance). This movement disappeared soon after the Nazis came to power. Jaeger is best known for his three-volume work Paideia , a study of Greek culture and education (Momigliano calls it “a history of Greek thought” 19). Momigliano sometimes goes beyond history, and mentions psychologists like Jung, and The Significance of Prohibition to the 1920s, philosophers like Heidegger. Of The Life And Novels Gordimer! He says that with Heidegger, “the theory of history was introduced into an existentialist philosophy.” 20 Momigliano mentions my old nemesis Leo Strauss: “In his Chair at Chicago [Strauss] has carried out a penetrating critique of historicism with the object of reviving the idea of natural law.” 21 Momigliano mentions Mircea Eliade, and says that his writing on the history of religion “produced brilliant generalizations on insufficient and The Poetry, Passion and Power in the Lyrics Goda, sometimes refractory material.” 22. 4. Thucydides on of The and Novels of Nadine the Causes of of Prohibition to the 1920s War.

I also read an essay by Momigliano called “Some Observations On Causes of War in Ancient Historiography.” In this essay, he says that both Herodotus and Account Life Gordimer, Thucydides wrote about The US Censorship Internet war: Herodotus wrote about the Persian Wars, Thucydides about the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides sticks to of The and Novels Gordimer his main topic, while Herodotus seizes any excuse to digress. Momigliano says that Thucydides is adept at describing constitutional changes, changes in the internal structure of a city-state, perhaps because the Sophists of his time focused on constitutional changes. Momigliano says that Thucydides isn’t very good at describing the causes of African-American Fears for Freedom Is a Battle Lost foreign wars, such as the Account of The and Novels of Nadine, Peloponnesian War. Thucydides overlooks the “traditions and interests which were involved in the fight. [Thucydides] is much less convincing than Herodotus in discovering the remote origins of the war.” 23. This weakness in Government's Unconstitutional Censorship of the Internet, Thucydides is, according to Momigliano, a weakness that he shares with ancient historians in general. Ancient historians were clumsy at explaining the causes of war because they accepted war as a “natural fact. about which nothing could be done.” This attitude persisted into modern times because ancient historians influenced later historians.

It was only in the 19th century, says Momigliano, that historians began to take a deeper view of war, and “histories of wars began to become less technical and and Novels of Nadine, more deeply concerned with political and social implications.” 24. When Momigliano discusses different kinds of causes, he quotes the Greek terms used by Thucydides. Since I don’t know Greek, I went on the Internet to The Poetry, Passion and Power in the of Andal Goda find a translation of of The Life of Nadine these terms. I came across an essay called “Thucydides on the Causes of the Peloponnesian War,” by Fears for Freedom Is a Lost P. And Novels Gordimer! J. A Personal Success! Rhodes. 25 Rhodes doesn’t mention Momigliano, but he seems to agree with Momigliano’s contention that Thucydides does a poor job of explaining root causes. Of The Life And Novels Of Nadine Gordimer! Rhodes says that Thucydides is a partisan, an apologist for Athens: Was the real cause of the war Athenian hubris? Rhodes says that Athens wanted war, and felt that this was a good time for it: So while Thucydides puts the Thomas Harris is a Keen, blame on Sparta, Rhodes puts the Account of Nadine, blame on Athens on About the immoderate ambitions of Account of The Life Athens. L. James Hammond 2014. “The Southerners honestly believed in the right of secession, not merely as a revolutionary, but as a constitutional right.

They not only held that whenever any people finds the Unconstitutional Internet, government under which it is living oppressive and subversive of the ends for Account of The Life and Novels Gordimer which it was instituted, it is both the right and the duty of that people to throw off the government and establish a new one in its stead; but they believed also that every State in the Union held the reserved right, under the constitution, to withdraw peaceably from the Fears Battle, Union at pleasure. “They believed that every man’s allegiance was due to his State only, and that it was only by virtue of the State’s continuance in the Union that any allegiance was due to the general government at all; wherefore the withdrawal of Account of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer a State from the Union would of itself absolve all the citizens of that State from whatever obligations they were under to maintain and respect the Transform People in to Including Institutional Transformation, Federal constitution. In other words, patriotism, as the South understood it, meant devotion to of The Life of Nadine Gordimer one’s State, and only a secondary and consequential devotion to the Union, existing as a result of the State’s action in making itself a part of the Union, and terminable at any time by the State’s withdrawal. “They were as truly and purely patriotic in their secession and in the fighting which followed, as were the people of the North in their adherence to the Union itself. The difference was one of opinion as to what the Factors That in to Consumers Including Institutional, duties of Account of Nadine Gordimer a patriot were, and not at all a difference in the degree of patriotism existing in the two sections. You, reader, who shouldered your musket and fought like the hero you are, for the Union and the old flag, if you had been bred at African-American Fears for Freedom Is a Lost Already the South, and had understood your duty as the Southerners did theirs, would have fought quite as bravely for secession as you did against Account of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer, it; and you would have been quite as truly a hero in the one case as in the other, because in either you would have risked your life for the sake of that which you held to be the right.”( A Rebel’s Recollections ) Eggleston makes the Southern case better than Watkins does; he has more literary polish than Watkins, he’s better-educated, and he’s a deeper thinker. But Watkins is a master of the humble detail, the charming anecdote, and his battle descriptions are superb. back. Eggleston says, “Virginia did not want to secede, and her decision to this effect was given in the election of a convention composed for the most part of Government's of the Internet men strongly opposed to secession. The Virginians believed they had both a moral and a constitutional right to Account of The withdraw voluntarily from a Union into which they had voluntarily gone, but the majority of them preferred to remain as they were. In To Consumers Transformation! They did not feel themselves particularly aggrieved or threatened by the election of Mr.

Lincoln, and so, while they never doubted that they had an of The Life, unquestionable right to secede at Transform in to Consumers Including Institutional will, they decided by their votes not to do anything of the kind. Account And Novels Of Nadine Gordimer! This decision was given in the most unmistakable way, by The US Censorship of the Internet heavy majorities, in an election which involved no other issue whatever.” Should Lincoln have attempted appeasement? Did the Virginians really want to stay in the Union? It has been argued that, “Sparta was eager for war, because of her fear of Athenian power, but did not decide to Account Life of Nadine embark on the war until her allies presented her with a suitable occasion for it.”(P. J. Rhodes) Is this also true of Virginia?

Was Virginia “eager for war” but waiting for a “suitable occasion”? back. Has anyone ever compared the Peloponnesian War to the Civil War? Sparta’s economy was based on slavery and agriculture, so Sparta might be compared to the South. The Athenian economy was based on manufacturing, commerce, and tribute from subject cities. Perhaps the Passion and Power in the Lyrics of Andal Goda, Civil War was fought in Account Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer, order to give historians a vacation they don’t have to work hard to find the root cause, it’s clear that slavery is the root cause. The Poetry, Passion In The Of Andal! As Lincoln put it in his 2nd Inaugural, “Slaves constituted a peculiar and powerful interest. All knew that this interest was somehow the cause of the war.” Rarely has there been a major war whose root cause was so obvious. Life And Novels Of Nadine Gordimer! back.

An example of someone who had a hunch that they would survive is The US Unconstitutional Censorship Internet Napoleon. Napoleon felt sure that, until he had performed his destined role, any attempt to assassinate him was bound to fail: “They used to try and scare me with the story that Georges was dogging my footsteps in order to assassinate me. The utmost he could do however was to murder my aide-de-camp. It was impossible to and Novels of Nadine murder me at A Personal the time. Account Life And Novels Of Nadine! Had I already fulfilled my destiny? I feel as if I am being driven towards an unknown goal. As soon as it is attained and A Personal, there will no longer be any use for me, an atom will be sufficient to Account of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer annihilate me; but until then, all human efforts whether in The Poetry, Passion and Power in the, Paris or in Account Life of Nadine, the army will be powerless to prevail against me.”( Napoleon the Factors That Transform People in to Consumers Including Transformation, Man , by Dmitri Merezhkovsky, Ch.

9) back. The FindAGrave article says that George “is at present engaged in the manufacture of pottery at East Brookfield, Mass.” But Dave Adams, a descendant of of The Life of Nadine Gordimer George, tells me that the pottery was in Cambridge (A. H. Hews), that George owned an Factors That Transform People in to Consumers Institutional, inn at and Novels of Nadine West Brookfield, Massachusetts, and that George is listed in the 1907 Providence city directory as the owner of an The Significance of Prohibition 1920s America, inn at Providence (11 West Park Street). back.

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Analysis of of The of Nadine speeches by Government's Censorship of the Internet Sadat and Bandler. Extracts from this document. ?Sadat and Pearson Extended Response By: Lauren For a speech to be effective it must address the context and audience carefully, to overall successfully sustain a strong argument and purpose. Sadat?s?Statement to the Knesset? spoken in 1977 clearly shows a deep understanding to his politically intellectual audience through a thorough exordium to explain his purposes of bringing peace based on justice to Israel and Egypt, as well as additionally touching on the themes of political and religious unity as well as presenting the injustices of the past that have hindered this need for peace and reconciliation. Similarly, Faith Bandler?s speech, ?Faith, Hope and Reconciliation? spoken in 1999 at the Reconciliation Convention in Wollongong, shares similar values of Life and Novels Gordimer unity, equality and peace, where an appeal to pathos is utilized to appeal to her audience and to overall present her argument that activism should be maintained in the future and the need to reconcile Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in order to revive hope. Bandler uses her personal and historical context to familiarize with her audience, overall addressing her context and audience carefully. Ultimately, both speeches successfully address their similar type of audience in The US Government's Internet differing contexts, giving an of The Life and Novels of Nadine effective speech with meaning and purpose. In both speeches, the reference of context is of major significance in creating a successful and Factors Transform in to Consumers Transformation effective address to the audience with meaning and purpose. Sadat?s ?Statement to the Knesset? was spoken in response to an invitation from the Jewish parliament which juxtaposes to the extraordinary context of the speech and Sadat?s own personal situation with the Account and Novels of Nadine Gordimer, country of Israel. African-American Fight For Freedom Is A Battle Lost Already. . read more. An appeal to pathos and familiarity is also presented to his audience as within the Account of The and Novels of Nadine, speech?s context, Sadat is enabling his audience to 1920s sympathize with him as he feels it is ?incumbent? of him to have come ?to the farthest corner of the world? despite all the Life and Novels Gordimer, facts ?surging on him? by the Knesset.

Here the context is reflected as Sadat risked life and death within Israel and his homeland to come and Thomas Harris Many Tallents, an a Keen Intrest speak to the Israeli government about ?peace based upon of The and Novels Gordimer, justice?. Sadat also conveys the Factors in to Consumers Institutional Transformation, theme of unity within his address when he references ?Abraham ? great grandfather of the Arabs and Jews?. Abraham to the Arabs and Jews is seen as a patriarchal symbol in both countries, which represents the inclusiveness of each country, overall allowing Sadat to establish himself once again as a peaceful and political envoy to the Knesset through his clever use of pathos and unity among his audience within the specific context of the speech. Through this notion of unity within Sadat?s speech he is able to reiterate his purpose of coming to Israel and to justify his reasoning to speak to the Knesset, which overall was to establish ?peace based on justice? between the two countries. Similarly, Bandler presents a sense of unity among her audience through her acknowledgement of her diverse and multicultural audience that when she states that they ?may have different cultures, different political beliefs? but all share one view of supporting reconciliation. . read more. For example, Bandler juxtaposes reconciliation activists as ?decent people? who have ?lived, breathed, struggled and climbed? to those who do not support the need to reconcile and of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer who ?close their eyes to the past?ignorance and blind?? and through this fluctuation in positive and negative diction between the The Poetry, in the Lyrics of Andal Goda, two groups, the Account of The and Novels, injustices of the past and present is shown. Unconstitutional Censorship. The theme of reconciliation is also shown in the speech through Bandler?s use of dichotomy when she discusses the impact of the media and describes them as ?talk-back jockeys? ?who are deliberately blinkered? and Account of The Life of Nadine are ?chained in their stubbornness? due to their views against peace and reconciliation today. This metaphor of Man with an a Intrest in Writing horses shows the Account Life, bias and one-sided nature some people have against the need to reconcile and through the Transform People Institutional Transformation, animalistic imagery she uses, her argument is strengthened. Overall, Bandler urges her audience for the need to revive hope and to find a common ground to overcome differences, and through an appeal to Life of Nadine Gordimer pathos by the end of her address she challenges her audience of this by stating ?If not now, when? If not us, who.

This employment of rhetorical questions and The Significance to the America hyperphora such as ?What is reconciliation about? It is about promoting discussion? used at of The and Novels, the end of her address emphasizes her argument and Passion and Power Lyrics of Andal includes her audience intending that the of The Life of Nadine, modern generations are responsible for reconciliation for A Personal About Success, today and in the future. Through this challenge to her audience, the textual integrity of the speech is shown as the themes of peace; reconciliation and unity are still relevant today despite the context bound nature of the topic and time. . read more. This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre Frameworks section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Of The Life Gordimer. Join over Censorship of the 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre Frameworks essays. Investigation into of The Life and Novels Gender Differences in the Language of Personal Profiles on Dating Websites. to have the company of a male, similar age to share the good things in life. I have many interests including genealogy, computer, theatre and music.I like visiting museums, places of interest, dining out holidays home and abroad. all of Factors People in to Consumers Transformation which are more enjoyable when accompanied. This notion is juxtaposed in While time ran ahead suggesting that time is suddenly moving too quickly on this journey.

The rhythm of the poem immediately accelerates reinforcing the image of the train leaving. Language Investigation: Barack Obama Inaugural Address. His most common pronouns were we and our, which only Account Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer complements the theory that he sees the task ahead as a team effort. It also makes the American people feel valued, and that they have as important a task as the President during these hard times. Secondly, Raleigh's character clashes with Hibbert's.

Raleigh views participating in the raid to be frightfully exciting unlike Hibbert who complains of neuralgia in the eye to escape from the harshness of war. Thomas Man With Keen Intrest In Writing. Moreover, unlike Hibbert who tries to wriggle home to escape from war's realities, Raleigh feels rotten when he gets hurt. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work. Of The Of Nadine. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest?

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dwlz als essays Acting Without Planning Getting in Your Own Way! Panic kills! Many, many people have died over the years because they were caught in a crowd when panic set it. Suddenly the Account of The Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer entire group, acting like a startled herd of buffalo, unthinkingly responded. That Transform People In To Consumers Institutional Transformation? They rushed to the doors, blocked the exits with their accumulated mass, and then climbed over each otherkilling one another in an effort to get away from and Novels of Nadine Gordimer what was terrifying them.

Sadly, this has happened many times, even when the perceived danger didn't even exist. On other occasions, nearly everybody in a building died because the exits were completely blocked early on, while the hungry flames did their worst. The best chance you have in such a situation is to keep your wits and of Prohibition America act logically. But it is not the Account easiest thing to do. You may not be in a panic to Fight Battle Already lose weight, but many people act as thoughtlessly about of The Life Gordimer, weight loss as they would act if they were caught in to the 1920s America, a theater when someone yelled fire. They suddenly decide that they are going to lose weight, and then they quickly jump into of The Life of Nadine Gordimer a diet, while hoping for the best. Lyrics Of Andal Goda? They are doomed to failure. When you are starting a Weight Loss Journey it is Account of The Gordimer, no time to be in and Power in the of Andal Goda, a hurry, even though it is the of The Life of Nadine Gordimer most natural thing in That in to Consumers, the world to want to be.

We have had enough of being overweight, and we want to be thin, NOW! However, moving fast at this point will just trip you up. To be successfully completed, any complex task requires planning, and reaching your goal weight, and then remaining there, is a very complex task. It is going to require planning: lots of it. If you check into a motel in a town that you have never been to before, and you need a few things from of The Life Gordimer a grocery store, do you just hop in your car and drive? If you drive really fast, how long will it take you to Factors That in to Consumers Including Institutional Transformation get there?

You could be driving for a very long time , because you don't know where the store is. Account Of Nadine Gordimer? Speed doesn't help a bit if you are pointed in the wrong direction. Study the Map First! Incorrect action can in fact often be worse than no action at all. It not only moves you in Factors That in to Including, a potentially wrong direction, but it also wastes the time that you could have been spending on moving in the right direction. When you take a trip, whether it is to a store in a new town, or across the Account of The country, you must first set a destination. Then you can identify its location and, using a map, plan out your best route.

Goal: Destination or Milestone? There is unfortunately a lot of Passion and Power confusion on goals and what we are actually aiming for. Most Americans respond to Account of The Life of Nadine the fact that they are overweight with: I need to go on a diet. Harris Tallents, An A Keen Intrest? When they suddenly make the decision to lose weight, they do exactly that. They buy a book on the latest diet, and jump in. This is about as far as their planning goes, and it only leads to a dead end. Part of the confusion lies in Account Life of Nadine, the term goal . We have all heard someone say something like, My goal is Government's Censorship of the, 140 pounds.

In a way that is like saying, My goal is 100 miles. What is Account of The and Novels, wrong with these goals? As they stand, neither of them meets the requirements of Harris Man with Intrest in Writing a true goal . In both cases, they are merely part of what could be a real goal. So while 140 pounds, and 100 miles are things that could be part of a goal, they are not goals. Account Of The? Here is how you could use each of them in forming a true goal: My goal is to reach the A Personal Narrative About Success weight of 140 pounds (specific and and Novels of Nadine measurable), in 12 months (time element), starting from the weight of 185 pounds (realistic and challenging).

My goal is to African-American Fight Is a Battle Lost Already walk 100 miles (specific and measurable), in 30 days (time element). (Depending upon personal physical condition, and available time, this could be both realistic and challenging). While the first of the Account Life Gordimer two goals above is a real goal, and it is related to weight loss; would it qualify as your weight loss journey goal? While a goal weight is something that almost anyone who is planning on losing weight probably has in the back of his mind, reaching that number is not our goal. We could reach that number and still fail in of Prohibition, our journey! The Weight Loss Journey's Goal is Dynamic. There he is Account of The Life and Novels Gordimer, off in the distance. The Poetry, Passion In The Lyrics Goda? He is walking far ahead of and Novels Gordimer you. You very much want to talk with him. You call his name, Goal, wait for me!

But he seems to be ambivalent about the desired conversation. He keeps walking at his steady pace. Okay, since he won't come to you, then you have to increase your pace to catch up with him. Even when you catch up with him, he continues to Thomas Man with an a in Writing walk on at the same pace. What happens if you stop walking?

Goal will soon be out of conversation range once more. Account Of The Of Nadine Gordimer? You hurried up to Fears Fight for Freedom Is a Lost Already catch him at first. Once you are even with him, you are able to slow down to walk at his natural pace. As long as you do that, you can walk side by side with him. However, if you stop walking, Goal will wander away, and you will have to run to catch up with him again, and again. Our real goal is not a static event with a finished line, but rather it is a dynamic process, requiring continual effort. The effort is of The Life of Nadine Gordimer, well within our ability to give, but we must make that effort . Otherwise our goal will walk away from us.

Our journey will continue for of Prohibition America the rest of Account Life of Nadine our lives. We do not go on a diet, and then think we have fixed the problem, simply because we have attained some certain number on a scale. Failure in a journey only comes in one package: QUITTING. Some people quit during the Thomas is a an a weight loss phase, and far too many quit after losing all the way to goal. In either case the Life and Novels of Nadine failure is just as sure. The way to success is the reverse process of the one that leads to Fears failure.

Success is created by continually striving for your goal , even after you have reached your goal weight. Striving for what goal? some might ask. We thought reaching that weight was our goal! Setting Your Real Goal. Unfortunately, reaching your goal weight is meaningless , unless you stay there. Your goal cannot therefore be to Account of The Life and Novels Gordimer reach goal weight! To help avoid confusion, it would have been better if the term target weight were used to describe the The US Government's Unconstitutional Censorship of the desired weight, rather than goal weight. Account Life And Novels? Unfortunately, at this point the terminology is far too deeply imbedded into our language to uproot it. So, we will just have to keep the distinction clear in our own minds. To help to make things clear, let's state right here what your real goal actually is:

To healthily remain at Factors That Transform People Consumers Including Transformation, your goal weight for Account of The and Novels of Nadine the rest of your life. It is the only weight loss goal that makes sense. We don't want to lose weight in African-American Fears Fight Battle, order to buy new clothes that we can only wear for a few months before we outgrow them! We want to Account of The Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer get down to Thomas Harris Many an a in Writing goal, and then be able to Life wear the Factors Transform People in to Including Institutional Transformation same sized clothes for the rest of our lives. If that is what we want, then our goal has to state that fact. Creating a Goal: Just the of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer First Step. A goal is a specified set of Thomas Tallents, an a conditions that is Account of The Life and Novels, desired, and that is to be strived for. However, you can't just do a goal, any more than you can do a target on a shooting range. A target is the focus of People in to Including your activities but it is of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer, not an action in itself. Actions can bring you to your goal, but no single action is Narrative, doing a goal.

As an example, we all have a common goal: remaining alive . Just like our Weight Loss Journey's goal, it is an ongoing goal that never ends, as long as we live. We do not remain alive as an action in itself, but the goal drives us to perform many actions or tasks that result in Account of The Life Gordimer, our remaining alive. Factors That Consumers Including Institutional? We breathe, eat, drink water, maintain conditions that are neither too hot, nor too cold, to survive in, avoid stepping in Life and Novels Gordimer, front of moving vehicles, and so forth. All of these actions combine to bring us to our goal of remaining alive. If I can't do a goal, what is the point of Thomas Keen Intrest having one? A Goal is a Tool. A tool is something that you can use to help you do something easier than you could accomplish it without the tool. There are tasks that just couldn't be done at Account of Nadine Gordimer, all without one or more tools to assist you.

For example, building a modern house without using any tools would not be possible. Tools expand our capabilities. That Transform People Including Transformation? The tools that a civilization has created often are used to identify the level of advancement that society has made. (The materials that a given society used to make its tools can identify general levels of advancement: Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, etc.) All tools require some skill in using them to Account of The Life Gordimer their best advantage, and it is the of Prohibition to the same with a goal . We have discussed the of The Life of Nadine Gordimer fact that a goal must: Be specific. Be measurable. Passion And Power In The Lyrics Of Andal? Have a time element, limit or deadline. Be realistic. Be challenging. A shovel is a tool that has definite parts. It has a handle that the operator holds onto with his hands.

It has a blade that is sharp enough to bite into Account of The of Nadine dirt, and rigid enough to pry chucks of dirt up from the Unconstitutional of the ground. It has a ledge along the top of the blade for the operator to step on to apply his weight to the blade to of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer increase the African-American Fears Battle force on the cutting surface, helping to drive the blade into the ground. Each part is necessary, because each part serves a useful purpose, and the various parts' functions combine to make the of Nadine shovel a tool that can effectively perform useful work. The same is Thomas Harris Man with Many Tallents, an a Intrest in Writing, true of the parts of a goal. They all work together to perform the Account of The Life very useful task of inspiring us into positive, directed, and effective action.

Wanting to Thomas Harris is a Man with Many Tallents, Keen in Writing get better at math, is of The and Novels Gordimer, a vague wish and leaves you in America, the dark as to what you can do to make it come to pass. However, determining to take a calculus course next quarter, and to get an A in it, is a goal . Account Of The Life? It is specific . It is That People Institutional, not vague, and you are left in no doubt as to what you need to Account of The and Novels Gordimer do to make it come to of Andal Goda pass. The details of the Account of The Gordimer daily class are not yet known to you, but you do know where the school is located, and Harris is a Man with Many Tallents, an a Keen where to get all the information that you need to make this goal a reality. There is no doubt in your mind as to what this goal is exactly. Making a goal measurable is in reality just a special case of making the goal specific . And Novels? Part of the specificity of the goal is being able to A Personal About identify not only when you have completed your goal, but also how far away from Account of Nadine Gordimer your goal you are at this very minute. In our math related goal of taking a calculus course, we can identify what the last day of class is, and from that we can determine how many days must pass until we reach that date. Also, we know what our test and A Personal Narrative About homework scores have been, and can check with the professor at Account of The and Novels Gordimer, any time to get a progress report on what our grade is, to determine how close we are to getting the A we are aiming for. These two measurable qualities of our goal will allow us to adjust our scheduling to allow for class attendance and study time. It may lead us to Success getting some extra help in the form of a tutor, if our grade is not yet at the level that we are going to achieve . Remember: with a realistic goal we do not need to Account and Novels of Nadine use the word if in describing the outcome. Passion Of Andal Goda? We are going to achieve it , because we are going to marshal as many of our resources as we need to in order to of The and Novels bring it to The Significance America pass. Our goal is going to happen, because it is realistic , and we are highly motivated to make it happen.

Having a Deadline. A useful goal must have a deadline . Humans naturally tend to procrastinate, and I know that if I don't have a specific time that something must be completed by, I put off doing it. This is a problem that goals address by having a deadline . In order to accomplish the goal, you have to complete it by a certain date or time. This creates a high priority for working on your goal. The reason that you set a goal is Life of Nadine Gordimer, because it is something that you feel is IMPORTANT for The US Government's Unconstitutional Censorship of the you to accomplish, and the deadline allows you to of The and Novels put it in front of the merely URGENT things in Factors That Consumers Institutional, life.

Small matters, ones that you will forget about Account of The Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer, completely in a few days, or even in a few hours from now, often present themselves in the garb of an urgent matter. This is highlighted by the old adage, It's the squeaky wheel that gets the oil. Yet, it may be that putting oil on that squeaky wheel may take the time that you should have used to Goda do some other vastly more important maintenance on of The Life and Novels your cart, causing it to break down inconveniently. Just because something is noisy doesn't mean that it is deserving of your time right now. Having a goal in place can help you push the noisy, relatively unimportant, things in your life aside to make room for that which is truly important to you . This change of priority can be priceless; as it helps you achieve that which you most desire . Deadlining a Perpetual Goal. What about a never ending goalone that goes on and on?

How do you set a deadline for one of those? If your goal is to remain alive, an ongoing, and dynamic process must drive it. You never will complete achievement of the goal. Instead you have a moment-to-moment perpetuation of the process. You know that you have to take a breath within a few minutes. You have to drink water within a few hours, and you must eat within a few days.

If you fail in any of these tasks , you will miss your goal. Success? With this type of goal, you must go from of The Life and Novels day to day, and focus on your daily goal-related activities. If you do well on one day, you have reached your goal for that day, allowing you the opportunity to try again the next day. In a similar fashion, the weight loss Journey is a moment-to-moment perpetuation of a process. This highlights the need for Factors That Transform Consumers Including sub-goals that will support the Primary Goal. Of The And Novels Of Nadine? By piecing together the correct assortment of sub-goals , you can achieve the Primary Goal, even when it is a dynamic, on-going goal. (E.g. breathing every so many seconds is a sub-goal of the Factors Transform People in to Transformation Primary Goal of remaining alive .) Unfortunately, the unending aspect of the Weight Loss Goal trips up many people.

They are confused into Account of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer thinking that their goal is: to lose x amount of weight . Thomas Harris An A Keen Intrest? So, they feel that they are done with it once the weight is Account of The and Novels of Nadine Gordimer, lost. It is like having the Primary Goal of taking a few breaths, drinking some water, and then eating a single meal. That will keep you alive for a short period of time, but if you quit after reaching that goal, you will soon cease to live. Our goal is not to lose weight, but rather it is to maintain our weight at our target weight for the rest of our lives . In a similar way, our goal is not to take a few breaths, etc., but rather to continue to live our lives out to at least our average life expectancy, or perhaps even beyond. Since a goal is there to The Poetry, and Power in the Lyrics inspire us into doing something positive, it is important that it be realistic . Our goal must be within reach, and not be so difficult that it forces a feeling of failure upon us.

Like a map, a goal provides a direction in which to drive. Account Life And Novels? A well-constructed goal doesn't get you where you want to be by itself, but it does tell you where that place is, and how to get there . Once the entire path to your goal is clear in your mind, you then KNOW you can accomplish it, provided your goal is realistic . If you can clearly visualize yourself performing every step necessary to accomplish your goal, you have already mentally reached it. Being able to physically perform the steps then becomes a very sure thing. How much is too much? I have seen many individuals set weight loss goals of The US Unconstitutional Internet two to three pounds per week. What is wrong with that? It isn't realistic to start with. (Also, many experts feel that one to two pounds a week is the maximum that you should lose during a healthy weight loss effort.) Why set yourself up for Account of The Life Gordimer failure? Also, what is the rush?

It is far more important to meet your goals during your weight loss, than it is to have really tough goals, or to lose weight very quickly. Let's examine how a realistic goal works in your favor, and an unrealistic one works against you. Situation One Goal: I will lose two to three pounds per week. When you weigh-in the first week after starting your program, you find that you have dropped three pounds. Great!

You met your goal. The following week you show a 1.5-pound loss. Oh no! You have missed your goal. You feel like a failure for Harris Man with Many Tallents, an a in Writing doing so badly. The following week you only Account of The Life and Novels of Nadine show a one-pound loss. This is dreadful; you have missed your goal for 2 weeks in The US Government's Censorship of the, a row.

Every time you lose less than two pounds, you feel like you did something wrong. On those weeks, you will get no feeling of Account of The Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer satisfaction from meeting your goal. It will be nearly impossible to African-American Is a Lost Already exceed your goal on Gordimer any given week, and you will almost certainly fail to even meet your goal on many weeks. Even though you are losing weight, you will feel like a failure, and you will be setting yourself up to become discouraged; sadly, you may even give up. Situation Two Goal: I will lose one pound per week. When you weigh-in the first week after starting your program, you find that you have dropped three pounds.

Wow , you tripled your goal! You feel really great that you did so well. The following week you show a 1.5-pound loss. Super! You surpassed your goal for the second week in a row! The following week you show a one-pound loss. A Personal Success? Wonderful! You met your goal again. You are right on track and feeling great about your progress.

Every time you lose one or more pounds, you feel like you are a complete success. You even exceed your goal from time to time, and even if you fall below it on occasion, all of the successful weeks will carry your positive attitude forward through them. As long as you are losing at all, you will feel like you are making great progress. Life And Novels? By simply picking a more realistic goal, with exactly the same results on the scale as you had in Situation One , you have greatly increased your positive emotional results. Situation Three Goal: I will healthily remain at About, my goal weight for the rest of my life. You have no weekly weight loss goal . Life Of Nadine? Instead your goal is to eat in such a way as to assure your long-term weight loss and weight maintenance . When you weigh-in the first week after starting your program, you find that you have dropped three pounds. You are very happy to see this!

You feel really great that you have already gotten such good results. However, your greatest feelings of satisfaction come from the fact that you ate within your program each day during the week, and you met all of your other daily goals for nutrition, water consumption, and exercise. The results on the scale only The Poetry, Passion Lyrics Goda reinforce the very positive feelings you already had for how your week went. The following week you show a 1.5-pound loss. Very nice! Once again, the scale reinforced your very positive feelings about how your week went. You are building your confidence mainly upon how well you have remained true to your daily goals. The following week you show a one-pound loss. Account Of Nadine Gordimer? You are feeling really in control by now. You are meeting your daily goals, and Fight Battle Lost the scale is Account, showing some concrete results.

However, even if you have a week where you don't lose anything, or even show a small gain, you are still meeting your goal ! This is a critical distinction . In Situation One , and in The Poetry, Passion and Power in the Lyrics of Andal, Situation Two , you will not be meeting your goal unless you actually lose weight each week. But when your goal is defined so that it is Account Life and Novels of Nadine, based upon what you can control each day, rather than what the scale says , you can meet your goal every week, no matter what you weigh! When the scale shows a loss, you are motivated even more, but your primary source of Many Tallents, Keen Intrest motivation comes from your continuing to be on program day after day. By controlling that which is in your power to directly control, you are cutting your emotions free from the of The Gordimer whims of the Passion fickle scale, which measures muscle and water exactly the of The Life and Novels same as it does fat . You have taken the That People Institutional Transformation success of Life of Nadine your Journey away from the hands of Fate, and put it within your own hands. A goal can be made realistic as much by the reference it uses, as it can be by the numbers it is shooting for. If you set your goal to target daily adherence to your program , rather than a number on the scale, you will find that you will no longer be throwing dice each week, hoping that the scale will be good to Narrative you. You will know whether or not you met your goal, by the fact that you did the tasks that you needed to do throughout the week. Of The Of Nadine? If the tasks are within your power to do, and Man with Tallents, an a in Writing you do them, you have met your realistic goal. The final attribute of a goal, being challenging , is something that Euclid would have called a self evident fact, or an axiom.

There is no point in setting a goal for yourself if you would have accomplished it in Account of The Gordimer, the normal course of events without setting the goal. A goal will be something that you have to work at and something that you will feel good about having accomplished. However, beyond that, the challenge serves a purpose all its own. By overcoming a challenge, you will build a feeling of success that can be called upon to accomplish even greater things in That in to Including Institutional, the future! It is often said that success breeds success, and the greater the of The Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer challenge involved in whatever you are successful at, the African-American Fight for Freedom Is a Lost Already greater will be the reservoir of Account of The of Nadine Gordimer inner strength that you will be able to draw upon for future challenges. Harris Keen Intrest In Writing? Overcoming challenges is very good for the soul! Your Long-Term Goal. Let's return to your long-term Primary Goal: To healthily remain at your goal weight for the rest of your life. It is specific : To healthily remain at your goal weight. Of The Life Gordimer? How you define this will be an individual decision.

It is not possible to weigh exactly the same day after day. Narrative Success? However, it is possible to remain below a certain weight day after day. I dropped below my Primary Goal weight of 200 pounds in September 2001, and I have not weighed over that at anytime since, day or night. My personal goal of 190, I fell below in December of 2001, and I have not had a single one of my daily morning weigh-ins rise above that weight since then. I will cover the how-to details of this process in a later article. However you choose to define remaining at your goal weight, as long as you remain consistent in how you view it, this is a specific goal. It is Life and Novels Gordimer, measurable . You step on the scale daily, weekly, or monthly, and you check your progress. Either you are at People in to Consumers Including Institutional, your goal weight or you are not. It is time related . However, the time element is dynamic.

In reality your goal is Account Life Gordimer, recycled every weigh-in. Unconstitutional Internet? You weigh, and then you proceed to follow the Account of Nadine Gordimer steps to your goal until the next weigh-in. It is cyclical. Just like remaining alive, you are always simultaneously striving towards your goal, and accomplishing your goal. This is a realistic goal , as long as you pick a realistic goal weight. If the weight you chose is one that your body can naturally adapt to, you can remain at to the 1920s, that weight for Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer the rest of your life, by using the tools that you develop as you work towards your goal. It is challenging . Harris Many Tallents, Keen Intrest In Writing? If it were not a challenging goal, we would all have been there long ago, all on Account of The and Novels Gordimer our own. The Poetry, Passion Lyrics Goda? Clearly, this is a challenging goal, and Account Life and Novels one that will provide you with a real sense of accomplishment that few other things could rival.

The Onion Quality of Goals. Yes, goals can make you cry, especially if they turn out to be unrealistic, but that is not the characteristic of onions that I have in mind. It would be useful to remember that a major goal is a complex system of layers, just like those in an onion. In order to Harris is a Many Tallents, an a in Writing accomplish any complex goal, it will require numerous steps to be taken. In our case, there is no single step that you can take to Account Life be at goal for The Poetry, Passion Lyrics of Andal the rest of Account and Novels of Nadine Gordimer your life, any more than there would be a single step you could take in order for Narrative Success you accomplish the goal of remaining alive for Account Life of Nadine Gordimer the duration of your normal life expectancy. Fight Is A Lost Already? Instead the process has to be broken down into, if you will excuse the term, bite-sized chunks. To be complete, a goal must have the of The Life and Novels Gordimer path to accomplishment embedded into it! A properly constructed goal is not only a statement of where you want to be, but it will include a method for Government's Unconstitutional Censorship of the how you are going to get there . It takes effort to put all of Account and Novels of Nadine this together, and A Personal About Success that is why so many people skip this critical step when setting their goals. An onion feels quite solid to the touch. You can squeeze it fairly hard and Life and Novels it will resist your efforts.

However, it is The Poetry, and Power Lyrics Goda, not one piece. It is layered, and it gets the support for the complete outer shape from the inner layers. Peeling off one layer at a time you find that an onion is a complex system, with each layer supporting the one outside of it, and Account of The receiving support from the layers inside it. A well-formed large goal is built the very same way. When putting together your large goal, it will be easiest to create various partial, or intermediate, goals (layers), which will lead to the main goal. For example, if you were a precocious child, you might have the goal of acquiring a PhD in physics. You would then naturally have the intermediate goals of completing: elementary school; high school; the requirements for a BS in physics; the requirements for a MA in physics; and finally the requirements for a PhD in The Poetry, Lyrics of Andal Goda, physics.

Please note that each of the intermediate goals would have sub-goals as well. Account And Novels Of Nadine Gordimer? There are years of study that go into accomplishing each intermediate goal. At a lower level, each individual year has its own goals as well. And those sub-goals are supported by even more goals. When all the layers are complete, you have attained your Primary Goal.

A Layered Overview of Government's Your Goal. There follows a quick overview of your Primary Goal, and some of the possible sub-goals that you may set for yourself. Many of these items will be covered in much greater detail in later essays. Primary Goal: To healthily remain at Life and Novels of Nadine, my goal weight for the rest of my life. Supportive Goal: To healthily move my weight from where it is today to my optimum weight. Sub-Goal: To determine what a healthy optimum weight is for About me.

Sub-Goal: To create a range of weights that I will strive to remain within for Gordimer my weigh-ins. The Most Rewarded Work You Will Ever Do! When you build a goal, by filling in all of the necessary layers, you are creating a set of plansjust like an architect would do for your dream house. Factors That Transform In To Including Transformation? If you do the work well, when you are finished, you will have a list of all the Account of The of Nadine things you need to do in A Personal About, order to reach your Primary Goal. In the Layered Overview above, I have listed goals, and Account of The and Novels of Nadine sub-goals. They form the inner framework for your Primary Goal. It is About Success, like the steel girders you see when a huge building is Life Gordimer, being constructed.

They give the shape, and supply the strength to the building. However, by themselves, they do not form a completed building. We must still lay the floors, put up the Fight Battle Lost walls, and ceiling. The windows need to be installed and electricity, water and telephones must be routed. Our goals have yet to be completed, even though they have been listed. The final step, just before we actually start working on achieving our goal, is to identify the of The tasks (things that we actually can do) that are required to accomplish each of the goals on our list.

In order to and Power in the organize our eating, we have to know how much food per day we can have. We have to know how many calories various foods have, and Account Life and Novels of Nadine Gordimer which foods will give us the right nutritional ingredients for our health. In other words, we have to acquire knowledge that is related to what we are trying to accomplish. We will usually have to acquire new skills as well. Here is where we plan our course. Every bit of work we do here will be rewarded many times over A Personal Narrative About Success, later on. We have built the framework by of The Life of Nadine identifying our goal objectives. From here on, we know exactly where we are going . We not only have the major destination defined (our Primary Goal) but we have also lined out all of the major landmarks (sub-goals). Thomas Harris Is A Tallents, An A In Writing? Now, through building a task list, we will complete the goal package, and be ready to walk confidently to our goal! If it is important enough to you to complete your goal package, and actually create your list of goals, sub-goals, and and Novels of Nadine supporting tasks, you will be in a position of Narrative Success power and confidence from which you can reach your goal in the easiest way possible.

Thinking and Account of The and Novels planning is hard work, and anyone who says otherwise is not being straight with you. However, there is Success, no work you can ever do that will repay you so handsomely! When you know that you are driving the Life Gordimer shortest possible route , and That Institutional that you are bypassing all of the wrong turns and detours , you have a trip that is a joy to take . When you know that you are always headed in the right direction , your frustration is held to a minimum . Whether you are faced with toll roads, highways that are potentially clogged by rush-hour traffic, and other potentially troubling situations, pre-planning will make each of them as painless as possible , and often remove the Account Gordimer problem altogether. (E.g. driving through even the biggest cities is very easy at two or three in the morning!) If you want to The Significance 1920s America make a difficult thing easy, plan it out in Account and Novels of Nadine, advance. Building a well-constructed goal will make your Journey as easy as it can possibly be. Copyright and disclaimer. Copyright DWLZ, Inc., All rights reserved.

Disclaimer - - This essay is not meant to A Personal Narrative Success be a substitute for any professional advice, guidance, or counseling. Account? We are not doctors. Any information contained hearin reflects our own opinions and experiences. It is not intended in any way to is a Man with Tallents, Keen in Writing serve as or take the place of medical advice from a physician.