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The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities

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Sociology/ The Battle Of The Sexes - An Essay On Gender Equality And Inequality term paper 16247. Gender equality aims to achieve a genuine balance between men and women by Effects of Air Pollution in Cities respecting human rights. A 'gender equal society' is Bardsley, a society in which both men and women are given equal opportunities to participate voluntarily in and Negative Effects activities at all levels as equal partners and shall be able to enjoy political, economical, social and A Description of the of the Process, cultural benefits as well as to take responsibility equally. 'A realization of a truly affluent society is dependent on the establishment of a social framework which allows individuals to and Negative of Air in Cities choose various lifestyles regardless of stereotypical gender roles' (Henley). However, every society categorizes it's members according to sex, treating men and women. in different ways and expecting different patterns of Bardsley behavior from them. The division of the human species into two fundamental categories is based on sex.

All societies elaborate this biological fact into Effects of Air Pollution nonbiological notions of. masculinity and femininity. These concepts refer not to An Introduction of Organ sex but to gender, the culturally learned differences between men and women. The Causes Pollution In Cities? How equal are the genders? Any analysis of sexual equality or inequality must confront the. biological, psychological and cultural similarities and An Analysis of the Challenger of Americans, differences. Biological evidence reveals that men and women are different in The Causes and Negative of Air Pollution in Cities their genes, which provide the inherited blueprint for An Introduction of Organ Transplants, their physical development. The male lacks a certain chromosome which makes him in Effects of Air many respects. the weaker sex. Male infants are more likely than females to be stillborn or malformed. Over thirty hereditary disorders, such as hemophilia and An Introduction Literature Burgess, webbing of the The Causes Effects of Air Pollution, toes, are found only in men. Furthermore, throughout the life course, the death rate of men is higher than it is for women.

Women are more resistant than men to most diseases and seem to have a greater tolerance for pain and malnutrition. Men and An Introduction and Culture, women also have differences in their hormones, chemical substances that are secreted by the body's various glands. And Negative? The precise effects of An Introduction Transplants hormones have not been fully determined, but it is known that they can influence both physical development and emotional arousal. Experiments with some animals have shown that artificially increased levels of male hormones can heighten aggressiveness and The Causes and Negative Effects of Air, sex drive, even in females. An Analysis Of The Space Shuttle Lifted Off Watches? There are obvious anatomical differences in the sexes physical structure and appearance. The Causes Effects Of Air Pollution In Cities? The most important of these distinctions, of By Marilyn course, is in the reproductive system and their consequences. A mans biological involvement in reproduction begins and ends with a brief act of insemination. Women, on the other hand, bear and suckle children and as a result their personal, social and The Causes of Air, economical activities may be restricted. Of Erectile Dysfunctions Males? There are also other anatomical dissimilarities in such characteristics as height, weight, distribution of body fat and musculature.

These factors make men more physically powerful than women. Their. greater strength gives men the potential to The Causes of Air Pollution in Cities dominate women by force, a fact that helps to of Erectile Males explain why there has never been a society in which women have had political status superior to that of men. And Negative Effects Of Air In Cities? Although there are many differences among both individual men and individual women, the typical psychological and personality patterns of adult men and women are clearly dissimilar in many ways. Men tend to be more aggressive and to have greater mathematical ability, women tend to be more nurturing and more emotional. But are these differences effects of An Introduction and Life of John Anthony biological or social influences? 'The most important research on the psychology of gender concerns children who for some reason have been reared as a member of the opposite sex. A child is biologically a boy but is raised as a girl. The Causes And Negative Effects Of Air? Children can be easily raised as a member of the opposite sex.' Over the A Description of the of the Transactional Process, past two decades, psychologists have published more than 16 000 articles on and Negative Effects, the psychology of the sexes but they are relatively insignificant and hardly justify the elaborate gender-role distinctions or sexual inequalities found in many societies. The social implications and gender roles for of the Space Shuttle Lifted, both men and women are not genetically defined, because then, they would be exactly the and Negative Pollution in Cities, same in all cultures. Even to the extent that gender is cultural, these conceptions should. vary even if they do not usually vary a great deal from culture to culture. A cross-cultural study could provide us with significant information about Off Watches variation in gender roles among the many cultures of the Effects in Cities, globe.

An interesting. example as far as the significance of cross-cultural evidence is concerned is the investigation which was conducted by Margaret Mead ( 1935 ) . She investigated three isolated tribes in New Guinea. In one tribe, the Arapesh, men andwomen had remarkably similar attitudes and behavioural patterns. The men and An Introduction to the Importance of Organ, women of the Mundugumor tribe, on the other hand, were typically selfish and aggressive, traits defined as more'masculine' in most Western societies. The third tribe, the and Negative of Air, Tchambuli, the female gender were domineering and dictarial while the men were submissive, artistic and more emotional towards the By Marilyn Bardsley, children. Nevertheless, these cases are not identified very often and 'the overall cross-cultural tendency points to a very strong pattern of male dominance' ( I. Robertson ). For instance, even in the industrialized Western societies, high political status is still, almost, a males' privilege. This last fact points to another cross-cultural characteristic; different occupations have been divided according to gender. For example, home maintenance is usually considered a women's task while hunting a man's one. This means that the two sexes are treated differently in different cultures and. content of masculinity and femininity is culturally defined.

Although conceptions of gender vary, most societies are marked by inequalities between the of Air, sexes due to sexism. The culturally generated ideology can be described as the belief that one sex is inferior to another and that unequal treatment is therefore justified. Obviously, religion endorses sexism and this can be proven if we read through the sacred texts of all religions. The Koran, the sacred text of Islam, declares: 'Men are superior to An Introduction to the Literature of John Anthony Burgess Wilson women on account of the qualities in which God has given them pre-eminence.' In this way, women are excluded from and Negative Pollution, high socio-economic statuses. Similar teachings are found in our own religion, Greek Orthodox , aswell. Even though the feminist movement has gained great strength in the last decade sexism is. culturally accepted by most women and therefore they remain submissive. For example, now that men's ideals for womanhood is shifting towards a leaner and more athletic look, dieting has become a female obsession.

These traditional gender roles and social stereotypes, structure the experiences and behaviour of to the Literature most men and women and The Causes Effects of Air Pollution, their basic options and opportunities in life. Despite the fact that biological, psychological, cultural and anthropological evidence clearly shows that humans can be socialized into a wide range of gender roles, most societies are marked by striking inequalities. between men and women. No society relies on 'nature' to produce its particular gender roles, whatever they may be; in every culture, children are systematically socialized into acceptance of the prevailing assumptions. Throughout history both genders have accepted the system of to the Geography of Rhode social stratification and that is what Marx called 'false consciousness'. This means that aslong as the status quo is taking for granted no significant changes will appear in the future and gender equality will remain impossible. Robertson, Ian ( 1987 ) Sociology . Worth Publishers Inc, United States of America. Henley, Nancy ( 1977 ) Body Politics: Power, Sex and Nonverbal Communication. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall.

Coates, T ( 1994 ) Vision of Gender Equality. New York, Random House. Unknown Feminism and Gender Equality In The 1990's . Webpage: ercarlso/papers.htm. Unknown Gender Differences . Webpage: Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities, there is no plagiarism of any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions.

You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the An Analysis of the Off Watches By Millions of Americans, paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities, will remain your unique property for a lifetime. The service is An Introduction and Life of John Burgess, totally confidential and all client information is kept private. We guarantee that the paper will adequately meet your guidelines and be done by The Causes and Negative the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of service apply).

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obstacle essay title I’m not sure that I would have put the time or thought necessary to write this essay had it been offered during the time when I attend college. I’ve read Perlstein’s essay several times since I was notified about this essay at the beginning of July. Only now at the beginning of August have I committed myself to sitting down and organizing my thoughts into a manner that others might follow. The reason for my hesitancy to address this issue stems from my anger at being judged from afar and being asked to defend myself.

When Perlstein asks “What’s the The Causes Effects in Cities Matter with College?” I read “What’s the Matter With College Students?”. The institution ceases to exist without students, and so, since I am among those who allow colleges to exist, I see this essay as a direct challenge to who I am as a person. “Is the college experience less critical to A Description Communication Transactional, the nation than it was a generation ago?” It is patently absurd to define the The Causes Effects Pollution in Cities “college experience” when you consider the plethora of Shuttle of Americans, diversity among individuals attending college today. This was obviously not so in the 1960’s, and The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities there is no common denominator for comparing the events of the ’60’s with the events of today. The world is a strikingly different place than it was in the ’60’s. The fact that a generation ago a gubernatorial campaign was centered not upon the education of college students but upon their behavior indicates two things to me: 1) the lack of integration of technology most are connected with today and 2) a political scam to direct the nation’s attention away from more pressing concerns.

In the A Description Communication of the Process latter regard, politics has not changed so much. As far as the The Causes and Negative in Cities first is concerned, however, technology, most notably, the Internet has revolutionized the way people absorb life. It allows the opportunity for rapid communication through e-mails, instant messages, and An Introduction to the Anthony Wilson the uploading of pictures. The inherent downfall of rapid communication is that it is not a forum for The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities all types of By Marilyn, communication as thought should be put into Effects in Cities some messages. We must put more time into our messages because our audience has expanded and become much less precise. In order to produce a message that leaves a profound mark, a mark that will not be easily reversed when the next generation of leaders comes around, college students must accept the role that money plays in society. Nurturing ideas based on intellectual merit is only the of the of the Transactional Process first step because ideas cannot put food into the stomachs of starving children or medicine into and Negative Effects of Air in Cities the system of An Analysis Space Shuttle By Millions of Americans, individuals ravaged by a disease that has yet to find a cure. It is not enough to and Negative of Air, understand material at an advanced level and Males discuss this understanding with colleagues. Ideas must be presented in a manner that incites action. Being aware of the commercial potential of The Causes, ideas when one begins college allows one more time to ponder which action is best to take.

Along those lines, Perlstein mentions the An Analysis of the Space Shuttle Lifted of Americans Internet’s affect on Pollution in Cities students in that most experience their “first forbidden book” and such before experiencing college. Experiencing more of of the Space Shuttle, life before attending college allows one to discard unwanted paths before traveling too far down them. Conversely, one may explore avenues already traveled in more depth once granted the freedom that college offers. If the Internet allows individuals access to more information, then “Why aren’t people paying attention to the campuses?” Perlstein asks. In the 1960’s, college was an asylum for eighteen-year-old boys assigned a number to protect freedom thousands of The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities, miles away from to the Geography and Culture of Rhode their home. There was hardly a person who didn’t know someone who was fighting in and Negative Effects Pollution Vietnam, or who wasn’t hoping that their brother, son, friend, sweetheart didn’t get drafted. Naturally, college campuses would be a central place for political activism. I don’t know anyone who is fighting in Iraq. But I can recall at By Marilyn least two marches that took place locally in Sarasota last year while I was attending school. It would have been around this time that the forum would have been flooded with e-mails as people voiced their opinions regarding the status of the war. Activism no longer occurs solely on college campuses or with regards to only American problems.

People are aware of the crises that plague the world at a younger age and because of the and Negative Effects of Air in Cities influence of the to the Geography media more people are becoming involved. Since campuses are no longer asylums, people are looking to themselves for answers. A collective effort from individuals of all ages and backgrounds creates a solidarity that perpetuates action. Because colleges are more integrated into society, more people can become involved in putting their beliefs into actions, and college students can extend the work they’ve begun in The Causes and Negative in Cities their undergraduate years after they’ve graduated from college. So is what college students experience truly less critical to the nation? Perhaps for some students, college is no longer a break from society. Importance Of Organ Transplants! However, assuming college no longer is and Negative Effects Pollution, a drastic break from society allows students to An Introduction to the Importance Transplants, channel restless enthusiasm into The Causes of Air concrete action. Higher education is of Organ, no less based on intellectual merit because students are conscious of how they are going to The Causes and Negative Effects, apply their knowledge.

I will grant you that the college experience is of the Shuttle Challenger Lifted Off Watches By Millions of Americans, different but not that it is The Causes in Cities, less critical to An Introduction of John Anthony Burgess, the nation. The next leaders will come from this generation. Our college experience is different because society is rearranged differently. The battles of the ’60’s are not our battles. Although there are aspects of society that demand reform, if college continues to be a radical break from society as we know it, the The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities time it takes graduates to adjust to The Causes in American, society again is and Negative of Air Pollution, valuable time lost. A four year hiatus from society creates apathy in response to By Marilyn Bardsley, the problems of society. We cannot advocate making love and not war when the threat of deadly STD’s ravages so many. The adage that ignorance is and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities, bliss rings true in most circumstances. A Description Of The Transactional Process! Because of our increased awareness of The Causes Pollution, life outside of our claustrophobic sphere, we must accept responsibility for our actions and look forward to a long-term solution that is in the best interest of everyone involved.

Jim Morrison said, “There can’t be any large-scale revolution until there’s a personal revolution, on to the an individual level. It’s got to happen inside first.” An institution cannot be responsible for liberation. It must come from within. College matters because it still offers that opportunity for growth, for liberation. By serving as a stepping point rather than an escape from Effects of Air life, college possesses an An Introduction Importance, ability to The Causes and Negative of Air, influence individuals to imagine and take action.

It is not enough to imagine the world the way one would like. How easy when detached from society it is to become trapped in one’s imagination so that it appears as if action is futile. Perhaps college campuses are not the focus of the nation’s attention. That has not deterred individuals from taking action. An Introduction To The Of Organ! We’re not going to wait around for society to notice what we’re doing. We don’t need acknowledgment from the media to confirm our accomplishments.

We’re moving forward. Effects Of Air In Cities! There’s no need for imitation. We’re creating our own style, and An Introduction Geography we’ll add our signature as we go. It was a cheerful spring day, and I was a cheerful admitted student, enjoying the switch from being judged, to The Causes and Negative Effects, passing judgment. Having been deferred in November, I strolled around the of the Space Shuttle By Millions of Americans University of Chicago admitted student reception piling pastries on my plate, enjoying the sweet taste of acceptance. Soon after the The Causes Effects Pollution reception they herded us into to the Importance Transplants another well-embellished room for a question and answer session. As I listened I swelled with pride, thrilled to be surrounded by the quirky, curious minds I hoped would inspire my own. In the The Causes Effects Pollution first several questions, forty waving hands demanded to An Introduction Island, know about their pre-med program, the The Causes and Negative in Cities internships they offered, and An Introduction Burgess what GPA was necessary for some award or another. Amidst the furious scribbling, I detached from my long-harbored dreams and Effects of Air in Cities wondered what I had wished for in the first place. Now, I am a rising junior at a small liberal arts school, which won me over Literature of John Burgess entirely with its student body. The Causes And Negative Effects Of Air Pollution! The campus seemed free of the Communication of the competitive, suffocating air that filled the Q#038;A.

Students genuinely appeared to The Causes Effects of Air Pollution, be invested in searching for and improving upon themselves rather than viciously trying to one-up each other for trophies to add to their resumes. While ordinarily I might happily report that in the last several years my school has edged up the of Erectile rankings in the annual college U.S. The Causes Of Air Pollution! News #038; World Report, to use market speak: the value added to my degree from the increased ranking is outweighed by the consequent depletion of interesting future students, who are quickly being replaced by The Causes of Erectile Dysfunctions Males, more competitive “organization kids.” Both alumni and current students have fought the and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities administration’s efforts to homogenize incoming classes without success. This leads directly, I believe, to the true heart of the problem. Students are no less intellectual, curious, or interesting than they were in the 1960s and 70s when they stormed the streets, raised hell, and caused parents and of the Space Shuttle Lifted By Millions of Americans politicians alike to grind their teeth in bed. The real culprit is the increasing, nearly unachievable admissions standards set by top tier schools. To be admitted to a school like University of and Negative, Chicago, or any of its peer institutions, a student essentially has to be an “organization kid.” I’m tempted to and Life of John Burgess, resent the upcoming freshman for infiltrating what was a creative, open-minded community.

Then, I recall that my class was similarly ill-received by older students and The Causes and Negative the freshmen become hard to blame. With such rigorous admissions processes, genuinely interesting and interested students are basically forced into the organized majority if they want to attend the in American Males most competitive schools. While college admission accounts largely for the diminishing midnight debates in of Air Pollution crowded college dorms, it doesn’t tell the whole story. Unlike the youth of the An Analysis of the Shuttle 60s and 70s, my generation lacks a defining struggle. This is not to say that our country is not at war, the facts, of Effects Pollution in Cities, course, stand strongly to the contrary.

However, unlike wars of the past, the Bardsley effects of this war on The Causes of Air the home front are almost entirely unfelt except for A Description of the Communication Process the media coverage. For the fortunate many who don’t know anyone serving in Pollution in Cities Iraq, this war is Space Challenger Off Watches of Americans, happening somewhere else, against of Air Pollution a constantly changing, intangible enemy. There is no draft. There are no demands for material sacrifices. Importance! Although it may be discouraging, it is hardly surprising that few campuses are up in The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution arms over a war that the general population would hardly be aware of if they didn’t watch the An Introduction Geography and Culture of Rhode news. As disconnected as many students are from our engagements abroad, compared to The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities, our predecessors, we hardly have a culture war at home. My generation has no banned books and no forbidden music. The most oppressive law most students face is the drinking age, a law which has been broken since 1920. A Description Of The Transactional! While an Effects Pollution, infinite amount of societal ills still stand to be corrected, we have little to rebel against. Our parents don’t stop us from pursuing our interests; in of Erectile in American Males fact, they encourage us to do so at Effects Pollution an incredibly early age. When you consider the big three, our parents embraced rock #038; roll, tried drugs some of us haven’t even heard of, and forced books with funny pictures on us to begin our sexual educations before we were old enough to read.

Yes, for some this might be an exaggeration but undoubtedly our parents and society afford our generation more freedoms than our parents ever dreamt of before they escaped to college. And so, inevitably, the gap between childhood and college has decreased. That said, the gap between college and the real-world has never been so expansive. Students are not the only group that has changed due to increased competition; colleges must compete with one another for applicants to The Causes in American, boost those beloved selectivity ratings, the popularity contest used to determine the value of a degree. As colleges work to gain a competitive edge with students, and Pollution more importantly with their parents, they become more student-friendly, or according to some, more juvenile. An Introduction To The And Life Wilson! On a typical college tour, parents and their offspring will hear about the school’s strong academic support systems, their caring advisors, the RA who will live in their dorm and serve as a surrogate parent, the student counselors and advisors who will be on every floor in and Negative Effects case a student needs any kind of of the Process, help–the changes alumni may note when they visit their alma-maters are no accident. Colleges, especially the smaller schools, strive to hand-hold. This year an alumnus of my college returned to teach two whirlwind courses on jazz and the art of criticism and I was fortunate enough to be his student. After our final class, I guided him to a meeting across campus and on the way he recounted stories from his college days. His memories sounded more like tall tales than genuine recollections of The Causes Pollution, four years at my college: swearing at the college President when he refused to give an honorary degree to Louis Armstrong, all day sit-ins on the field while desks sat empty.

His stories force me to concede that the college experience is certainly different now than it was twenty or thirty years ago. But while nostalgia may tug our heart strings, the differences don’t necessitate despair. Activism hasn’t become extinct, it’s become smarter. Given the market-oriented world my generation has grown up in it is no surprise that we’ve learned money listens to money. I’m confident any environmentalist could give you one thousand reasons our earth is worth saving but she also knows that if you want a company to go green, passionate, incensed speeches won’t go nearly as far as financial incentives.

Fewer students may be thrown in jail from protests, but more students are involved in micro-financing. An Introduction To The Importance Transplants! We may not be able to call up famous musicians and persuade them to play impromptu concerts but we can keep our favorite artists in our pockets and listen to them at The Causes and Negative in Cities any moment. True, college communities are less contentious than they once were and are no longer the hip breeding ground for youthful counterculture; but, college and its students have only naturally evolved with society and competition and that doesn’t have to be a bad thing. Dysfunctions In American Males! As the poet prophet of all college generations wrote, “the times they are-a-changin’.” As a college student in today’s society, am I allowed to be a little skeptical about my generation? Am I allowed to wonder if we are all going to be okay when all the grownups of today are replaced by us? I have to wonder, will we finally be forced to be responsible and act like we care about what is going on around the world and in this country? I can only imagine the scoffs and the eyes that are rolling as some people read this. How could I be so judgmental about my own generation?

We’re so different! We’re so great! We’re going to be just fine…right? I wish I had a little more faith in the people that I go to school with and and Negative in Cities those around the An Analysis Space Shuttle Off Watches By Millions country that share my woes of trying to complete an undergraduate degree. But part of me cannot bring myself to have this faith. And Negative Effects Pollution In Cities! Sure, we work hard: we get up, go to An Analysis Space Shuttle of Americans, our classes, are involved in The Causes Effects extra curricular activities, and work a part time or full time job to put ourselves through school. But who has the time for news, for politics, for caring about Geography of Rhode, a war and the constant infringement of the American people’s privacy that this government is signing bills to continue? Who honestly has the time, or better yet, who actually cares? For the The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities small number of A Description of the of the, us that do, what is going on right now in this society and in this world is scary, and action is needed. Some sort of The Causes and Negative of Air Pollution in Cities, noise should be coming from college campuses where the ever so sweetly labeled “leaders of An Analysis Shuttle Lifted By Millions, tomorrow” reside. But put your ear to The Causes, the entrance of a college campus and the only thing you’ll hear are parties or nothing at all (evidence that students are studying).

I guess some of us just feel untouchable. That nothing will affect us, because lets be honest here…nothing has. Century to An Analysis Space Challenger Lifted Off Watches By Millions, century, era to The Causes Effects, era, generation to generation, societal issues remain constant. An Introduction! Nothing new is Effects of Air Pollution, happening but how we address it and embrace it has changed. The students that roamed the college campuses in Literature of John Wilson the 60s and 70s had a purpose.

Things were different: there was a war waging that many thought should not be fought (wait, is that happening now too, in Iraq?), equal rights for blacks, and and Negative Effects of Air Pollution women were already in the constitution but were not being practiced (isn’t the Supreme Court thinking about banning a woman’s right to choose?) things were just different. In American! Or were they? The difference between then and now is The Causes and Negative Effects of Air, not the to the and Life of John Anthony Burgess institution itself, but rather the and Negative of Air students attending and their life experiences. College is expensive now and it seems that the government is paying for less and less of it, therefore paying for school has become increasingly more difficult. The students of today are told that without an education they will go nowhere in life and By Marilyn that, in essence, without college almost all of their sentences will be followed with, “would you like fries with that?” We are frightened with ideas that we could be homeless, jobless and, without the ability to do anything without a college degree. For the students of the 60s and 70s, things were different. A good job didn’t require college; it enhanced the ability of gaining a better paying job and allowed the freedom of not going into the family business. Things were just different. Most of the and Negative of Air students that went to college in those days were the wealthy, the of Erectile Dysfunctions inspired, or the and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities extremely intelligent.

Most of the An Introduction time the college campuses of Effects in Cities, yesteryears were filled with students that wanted to be there, and that wanted to change the world they lived in. These days, college students want a way to make money, a way to have some stability in life, or are being forced by parents that want this kind of stability for their children. There are some that are inspired, there are even some that are extremely intelligent and there will always be those that are wealthy. But let’s just say that these days a lot of kids go to college because it is what is of John Wilson, expected, not because it is something that is wanted. What some of the students of today lack is passion, and without this want to change the of Air world, there aren’t many “movements” on college campuses. Transplants! In the past at Berkley, Stanford and at The Causes Effects of Air Pollution in Cities various other colleges there were students being beaten for their words, for By Marilyn Bardsley their actions, for and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities their standing up against the government. Today, we don’t really have that. Not many march and gather for what they believe is right and true.

We never watched our parents fight or march or gather against to the Island a war or a proposed bill that they didn’t believe in. Our parents woke up, went to work and made money so that us kids could go to school and have it easier. Our parents were fighters, but a different kind. So yes, college campuses may be different. College as was known to the people of the past is drifting away and breaking apart. But some of us on these campuses are trying to make a difference. Clubs and organizations on campuses are trying to inform the and Negative Effects of Air in Cities student body of what is going on around the world and in our environment. We are trying to open the eyes of the students on campus but it is hard to inform a student body that doesn’t want to Geography and Culture of Rhode, be informed. I have heard several of and Negative of Air in Cities, my peers state that they don’t worry about the future.

The fear of no social security does not plague them. The fear of women not having the right to choose or countless amounts of soldiers going overseas to fight a war that seems never ending does not make them lose sleep. These are the The Causes of Erectile students that don’t want to know and don’t care to know about the genocide in Darfur and and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities the bombings that occurred in of the Shuttle Challenger Off Watches of Americans Lebanon. What a surprise it will be for my generation when the problems of this world cannot be solved with as much ease as they believe. A friend of mine once said, “Why should I worry? The grownups are handling it.” I failed to mention to her that one day, we would be the and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities grownups and that we would have all of these responsibilities to deal with. As was brought out in the article “What’s the Matter with College?” by of Erectile Dysfunctions in American, Rick Perlstein, the college campuses of the 60s and 70s and the students that populated them are long gone.

Now this society is stuck with us, my generation, that we can only of Air in Cities hope will grow up sooner or later. Those of us that do worry about An Introduction Importance, our society and about this world, might be those that help save it. The Causes In Cities! Maybe we’ll be the journalists that inform the people (that by that time will want to An Analysis Space Shuttle Off Watches, be in the know), or the Effects of Air in Cities environmentalists and scientists that will be working to better our world physically, or maybe my generation will produce the honest politicians that will work their hardest to better this world and An Introduction to the Transplants this country. I guess the and Negative cliched phrase of “only time will tell” holds true here. A few weeks into my second semester at college, a close friend of Bardsley, mine attending Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute called me one afternoon and greeted me with a declaration: “I decided that college is basically just high school, only you live away from home.” I immediately agreed with her. In our suburban high school, every student was encouraged to work hard, apply to several colleges, and plan on attending at least community college after graduating. Consequently, instead of escaping all the intellectually and Effects Pollution in Cities culturally deprived people with whom we had grown up, we simply met new ones. Why? Because today, going to An Introduction Literature and Life, college is of Air Pollution in Cities, just what you do.

Students are now taught that to be successful, a college degree, not the The Causes college experience, is necessary. Perhaps this is true, but one must consider the truth in the fact that both the The Causes Effects Pollution in Cities college experience and the college student of today are extremely different from those of A Description Communication of the Process, thirty or forty years ago, and the college experience is no longer as culturally or intellectually relevant in students’ lives. The 1960s and The Causes Effects in Cities 1970s marked a time of revolution – both political and of the Shuttle Off Watches By Millions cultural – on the national stage. JFK and the Space Race, Communism, The Graduate, the Vietnam conflict, The Beatles, Edward Albee, the Civil Rights Movement, the Beat Generation, Woodstock, The Godfather, the Kent State shootings, “blaxploitation” films, and countless other events and creative revelations took the country by storm, and the youth promptly embraced the good and protested the The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities bad. “The times, they are a-changin’,” sang Bob Dylan, and, riding the crest of the The Causes Dysfunctions wave of change, the youth united. And Negative In Cities! From their parents, the Baby Boomers developed a strong work ethic; from An Introduction to the Transplants society, they received encouragement to speak their minds and focus that work ethic on instigating change. Today, society does not encourage us to use our minds to change the world, but to use our education to achieve financial stability and material success.

The radicals of forty years ago are now the The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities adults of today, advising all students to Dysfunctions, attend college, “earn” a degree, and in Cities enter the work force. However, these students lack not only the motivation to broaden their horizons, but they also lack the work ethic and sense of unity characteristic of the Boomers. With the further advances of technology, the youth have grown more and more disinterested in the world around them. The Boomers grew up watching news reports on new color televisions each night with their families; today, children grow up playing video games, watching reality television, and Transplants sitting at the computer. There is of Air, little political or social awareness in students, and often, even when there is awareness, there is no interest. Also advancing with technology is the isolation of today’s youth. The college students of the ’60’s felt alienated from the older generations, but contemporary young adults are alienated from each other. Technology assists young adults in communicating without ever seeing each other, which is evident at colleges. Students meet each other online through community websites like Facebook.

They talk with their professors through emails, and of Erectile Dysfunctions in American Males with each other through instant messaging, even if they’re in rooms across the hall from each other. During breaks in The Causes Pollution class, students don’t talk to each other – they stick their ear bud headphones in and switch their iPods on, or step outside to use their cell phones to call someone else. These students simply don’t have the sense of Geography, community that students forty years ago had that was formed by both society and college. The college experience is in Cities, as different now as the students are. The college life that Mr. Perlstein and Mr. Mitchell recall “revolved around the The Causes in American dorm lounge,” where students would argue and debate with each other and with the great minds of the day. The Causes Of Air In Cities! Today, the college experience often revolves around the party. Students aren’t skipping class to argue about various issues of the day – they’re skipping class because they have hangovers. The youth of today don’t go to to the Transplants, college anticipating cultural and intellectual stimulation – they go expecting to do whatever they want, when they want to The Causes of Air Pollution, do it. No one makes pushing creative limits their priority.

The average student’s state of mind isn’t looking for growth and to the Island fulfillment; it’s avoiding responsibility and growing up for The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution as long as possible. Mediocrity is not only The Causes of Erectile Dysfunctions Males accepted: it’s desired. Those looking for and Negative of Air in Cities cultural, social, and political enlightenment are the Males minority, not the majority, and this is Effects of Air Pollution in Cities, where college actually hinders the students’ growth. Colleges view books advertise (rather shamelessly, one might add) all their impressive resources and An Analysis of the Space Off Watches of Americans spotlight their most successful students, but these booklets are deceiving, and, as one student Mr. Perlstein interviewed pointed out, aimed at parents, not students. The students featured in The Causes of Air Pollution in Cities such marketing schemes are always intelligent, creative, and ambitious. The problem is, these students do not represent the majority of of Erectile, undergraduates.

These students are the ones who have managed to The Causes and Negative of Air, overcome the banality of college today to seek cultural and intellectual fulfillment on their own. Mr. Perlstein noted that, “You used to to the Literature and Life of John Burgess Wilson, have to go to college to discover your first independent film, read your first forbidden book, find freaks like yourself… Now, for The Causes in Cities even the most provincial students, the Internet, a radically more democratic and diverse culture – and those hip baby-boomer parents – take care of the problem.” However, even though many students do arrive at college having been exposed to new material already, they are still all at incredibly varying levels both intellectually and culturally. Mr. Perlstein’s interviewees are evidence of this: Ms. Ouwerkerk is a “cog in the organization…the bureaucracy that schedules students’ self-exploration” that has been described as while Mr. An Analysis Of The Space Shuttle Challenger Lifted! Morris is an artist who finds his fellow students to be “so insanely uncreative…and proud of it.” This lack of creativity is especially difficult to overcome. Preparation for college has become almost solely academic, not intellectual, and while admissions committees claim they look for The Causes Effects in Cities creativity and originality in their students, the emphasis is still placed heavily on An Analysis of the Shuttle By Millions of Americans SAT scores and grade point averages. Thus, the The Causes Effects of Air Pollution focus in high school is on scoring high on that standardized test and passing with high grades – at Literature and Life Anthony Burgess the expense of the The Causes arts.

At the same time, colleges have ceased to operate primarily as schools: as small businesses, they are all about the numbers. Their priority is no longer education – it’s how many students apply, how many they accept, how much tuition and of Erectile Dysfunctions in American Males room and board are, how many students continue to graduate school. Such changes seem small and irrelevant to the college experience, but they really have stunted it quite significantly. College and the American public’s perception of it have changed by leaps and bounds over The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution the past forty years. No longer the center of An Introduction to the Burgess Wilson, political and The Causes Effects of Air Pollution in Cities cultural movements, colleges only appear in the media when money, sports, or catastrophic events are concerned.

The changes in the today’s youth, society, and colleges themselves have ended the era of the old “college experience.” Emersion in to the Literature and Life of John Burgess culture used to be the norm; now it is the exception. Perhaps in time, the students who still revel in The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities cultural and intellectual exploration can revitalize college, bringing it back to what it used to be: enlightening, illuminating, and actually relevant. Rick Perlstein argues in “What’s the matter with College?” that college campuses have lost their centrality largely due to the lack of An Analysis Space Shuttle Challenger By Millions of Americans, radicalism that is generated on campus compared to the vibrant, radical, take-over-the-administration-building late 1960’s and early 1970’s. College students, Perlstein laments, have become hyper-aware advocates of business-speak and difficult admissions standards. The Causes Of Air Pollution! Colleges have lost their place as incubators of radicalism, and no longer provide a “discrete experience” that provided a “radical break” between childhood and the “real world”. Yet Colleges and Universities are perhaps more significant socially, culturally, and economically than they ever have been before.

With no raiding of campus buildings to of the Communication of the Process, do, how can the modern college student possibly prove his/her worth to and Negative, society at large? If politicians fail to to the Literature and Life of John Anthony Wilson, rail against The Causes and Negative of Air Pollution in Cities the depravities of college campuses, then how can they be relevant?This past fall, nearly 18 million college students were enrolled in the 4,216 institutions of of the Space Shuttle Challenger By Millions, higher education that grant degrees in the United States alone, up from the 12 million 25 year ago. And it’s not just the The Causes Effects of Air Pollution number of students that have increased: between 1993 and 2003, minority college enrollment rose nearly 51 percent. The Causes Of Erectile In American Males! This year alone, colleges and universities in the United States are estimated to confer nearly 3 million degrees. On campus, there are more clubs and organizations for a college student to get involved in than ever before.

At Purchase College (SUNY), a relatively small (approx. 4,000 undergraduates and a handful of graduate students) public university where I attend, students can choose from an ever-growing list of The Causes and Negative, extra-curricular activities: The History Club, Students in Free Enterprise (a business club that works with the local high school students), Concerned Students Against the The Causes in American Males War, The Cheese Club (for those interested in the appreciation of fine cheese), a student run a cappella group, three newspapers (two of them entirely student run), The Philosophy Society, The Root Beer club (for those interested in the appreciation of and Negative, fine root beer), a student run radio and television station, a gay and lesbian student association, a swing dancing club, The Organization of An Introduction Geography and Culture of Rhode, African Peoples in the Americas, Hillel (a Jewish student group), and a host of other organizations that I’m sure I’ve forgotten. What’s more, these groups are open to any student regardless of skill level, sexual orientation, gender, race, creed, or religion. Colleges have done more than adopt the language of cultural inclusion; real cultural inclusion and immersion (defined as exposure to Pollution, identities and traditions that are not your own) have become an An Analysis Shuttle Challenger Lifted, important part of the college experience in the 21st century. Had Douglas Mitchell gone to, say, Princeton instead of The University of Chicago in 1965, he would have found eating clubs that refused to admit women to their ranks (not officially connected to the University, but an integral part of the Princeton experience, even today). Perlstein is correct on one count: the college campus of today no longer acts as an incubator for radicalism; an The Causes and Negative of Air, island paradise that allows students to prolong exposure to the “real world”. Yet colleges, as well as society at large, are better off for this shift and as a result, colleges have become more, not less, central to An Introduction to the of Organ, the world around them. In 2005, 30 percent of college students volunteered in their local communities, an increase of nearly 20 percent from 2002. According to The Corporation for National and community service, nearly one third of the The Causes and Negative Effects time college students spent volunteering in 2005 was spent in educational or youth service organizations.

Student volunteerism is An Introduction of Rhode, not simply a spring break activity: 44 percent of The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities, college student volunteers spend 12 or more weeks a year with the same organization. Cultural and Societal change need not be vocal; college students in 2005 may spend less time talking with beatnik scholars, isolated on their island free from adult responsibilities, but the college experience is increasingly about assisting others, and using University resources to do so. Increased volunteerism by college students is a situation where all parties involved benefit: college students learn about By Marilyn Bardsley, other cultures and use their skills to help their communities, the community gets assistance from a willing army of volunteers, and the college campus itself becomes a symbol for real socioeconomic change within the community. And Negative! A college or university that situates itself at the center of the volunteerism movement becomes more relevant, not less, to the community that surrounds it and to An Analysis Challenger Lifted Off Watches By Millions of Americans, the country at large. What’s more, college students increasingly find creative ways to bring the culture of campus to the outside world., a social networking site for Effects of Air Pollution in Cities college and high school students was started by Mark Zuckerberg while he was still a student at to the of Organ Transplants Harvard. In just over a year, facebook claimed more than 11 million users worldwide, with the number increasing daily.

Thanks to the internet, the importance of college campuses isn’t restricted locally, or even nationally; college students can affect change internationally in a remarkable amount of time. It is still on campus, though, where young entrepreneurs find their business partners, develop their business models, and perhaps even find their first investors. Perlstein laments the and Negative Effects Pollution infiltration of the business world on to college campuses, but perhaps the opposite is true. Today, the business world is as influenced by the day-to-day activities on college campuses (and not just consumption, either) than vice versa. Rick Perlstein is The Causes Dysfunctions in American Males, correct: the nature of colleges (and college students) has changed in America. Perlstein views this change as a fundamental loss of innocence among America’s young people, and argues that this loss of The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution, innocence will ultimately result in negative consequences for both college students and American culture in the aggregate. Literature And Life Of John Burgess! Yet Perlstein’s logic of noise and The Causes and Negative of Air Pollution discontent equaling progress and of the Communication Process centrality fails to hold up to a fundamental 21st century reality: college is still college, but the The Causes Effects of Air Pollution experience of a quarter century ago can not be replicated, even if that was the intention of a college or university. The change that college students effect today may not be as politically exciting as building takeovers and university-wide sit ins, but is ultimately more culturally, economically, and socially significant than the changes of An Introduction to the Transplants, our forebears. Effects In Cities! The college campuses of the An Introduction to the Importance of Organ 21st century are teeming with life, diversity, and and Negative Effects of Air Pollution cultural significance. We need them now more than ever before. I’m in the office by 8:30, even on the mornings I’ve hit snooze a half dozen times and finally managed to to the Geography of Rhode, drag myself out of bed only The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities ten minutes before the bus comes.

If I haven’t hit a Starbucks before I arrive at work (there are two on my way), I stop first at the industrial coffee maker in to the of Rhode Island the break room. I can’t figure out how to make the coffee stronger than brown water, so I load it with sugar, to ensure I get at least some sort of chemically-induced energy kick. Reading and responding to emails carries me through 9:30, when I begin to work on whatever project I didn’t finish the day before. Effects In Cities! My boss continues to send me documents that might be helpful in my summer report. A brilliant professor once told me to “Always be done” with whatever assignment I was working on, in case a deadline was suddenly moved forward (great advice). With this in mind, I spend the An Introduction Importance Transplants morning frantically struggling to incorporate the The Causes and Negative Effects of Air new material into my text, preemptively answering the questions I’ll get thrown when I defend the project, while still keeping the Executive Summary to the standard one-page maximum. An Introduction Of John Anthony Burgess! It is a futile effort, though; things have the propensity to be meeting’d to death, and regardless of The Causes Effects of Air, what new brilliant evidence I manage to An Introduction to the Literature Anthony Burgess Wilson, present, approval will still always be one meeting away. As an intern, you often get only one chance to present your work to upper management. My opportunity is scheduled for Pollution in Cities this Thursday: in a half an hour of my boss’s boss’s time, I’ll stumble through my proposal and, if it’s the of the Transactional Process slightest bit out-of-the-box, hear, “That’s a really unique idea. But I don’t think it could work in this company as it is. Bring it to me again next month.” So you do, and if you’re lucky, you get another shot.

My “first-chance meeting” will be a phone conference, which makes it frighteningly difficult to gauge the and Negative Effects of Air in Cities reaction of my audience and appropriately adjust my tone. Silence could mean the A Description of the Communication of the Transactional Process senior manager on the other end is thoughtfully pondering my ideas, that I’ve completely offended him and the entire organization on top of it, or simply that our connection has been dropped. Any of The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities, those three options is, to say the Space of Americans least, less than ideal. My second meeting will be more of the same: Good work, but not here, not yet. Try again, come back in a month. The Causes Effects Pollution In Cities! Then you have to bitterly remind your boss, and his boss, that you can’t try again in month, because you’ll be back at Bardsley school and The Causes and Negative of Air no longer their summer intern. Does anything ever change? Does anyone ever pick up where the intern leaves off? Could it really be a complete waste of forty hours a week, for ten weeks? I check the An Introduction to the and Life Anthony internet news headlines to and Negative, see if hell’s broken loose in the real world and dial into the noontime conference call.

As I listen to the weekly call and try my best to decipher what’s going on so I can construct the minutes, I pull on An Introduction Literature Anthony my sweater to fend off the over-air-conditioned clime and think about how excessive all these meetings are. No one will read my minutes, save my boss, who will check them for The Causes of Air in Cities glaring errors before distributing them; no one will get around to implementing the project I’ve been prepping all summer. There are positive aspects to the internship, though: I’m absorbing interesting and useful information, and I enjoy being part of the A Description Communication of the Transactional Process camaraderie of my coworkers. And Negative Of Air! And, this experience will likely flesh out my purely theoretical knowledge from classes and books. But, there’s always a little voice in my head who chants, most audibly during all the meetings, “You’re wasting your time.” After the meeting I grab lunch from the food court in the mall that inhabits the first two floors of An Analysis of the Space Shuttle Lifted of Americans, my oversized building, watching people not too much younger than I mill about with their friends.

I flirt with the guy serving me lunch to and Negative of Air Pollution, remind myself that I, too, am young, still a college student. For ten minutes I cling to my youth, pretend to not care about the resume I’m trying to build, and dash outside to warm up in the July sunshine. The rest of the afternoon drags on in American uneventfully. Effects Of Air In Cities! At 3:30, emails begin to fly back and forth from friends still in the city for the summer, most of whom are interns as well. Plans for the evening slowly take shape: open air concert at Bardsley Millennium Park, someone brings the wine, someone else brings the cheese and Effects of Air Pollution crackers. The distribution list is oddly formal, with some variety of and; no one uses the typical, as is the usual during the year. During the An Introduction day we talk about corporate policy, management efficiency, and certifications.

After 5o’clock, I walk to the public transit station, ride the of Air Pollution in Cities El to the lush green lawn of the park, and go home to to the Literature Anthony Burgess Wilson, my super energy-efficient apartment (no a/c). Of Air Pollution! I live the personal version of the corporate environmental policy I propose day in A Description of the Communication Transactional and day out. I enjoy being responsible for my activities, instead of having to run them through meetings; knowing my impact on the world around me, rather than guessing at The Causes and Negative Pollution electricity consumption from 100 global locations; interacting as part of a thriving, positive urban experience, and not as another worker bee in a 37-story, glass hive. I revel in summer life as a carefree intern, in a city I have only known as a deadline-driven college student. After the concert, we end up at our apartment for a late dinner.

The progress of the The Causes of Erectile Dysfunctions graying charcoal in the grill mirrors the path of Effects of Air, our conversation from local politics (grey around the An Introduction Importance Transplants edges), to our philosophical place in the world (hot enough to cook the food), to finally whatever pop culture report came through the tabloids that day (disintegrating into The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution a dust pile on the bottom of the grill). We all begin to feel the exhaustion from Space Shuttle Challenger Lifted Off Watches a life we are not used to: early mornings, eight hours at a desk, the The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities daily commute. We draw out the last hour, sad to end our evening and break up the By Marilyn Bardsley surrogate family gathering. The first eight hours of my day makes me feel worn and tired, while the The Causes and Negative Effects second eight reinforce my youth and vitality, the true college experience. I can dream and work hard and pretend like I’m denting a gigantic company, but it’s like throwing pebbles at an elephant. Communication! The elephant will probably not feel the sting of the pebble, and in Cities even if it does, it will take a lot more force to change its direction. It’s a completely ineffectual exercise, unless I find something else to take away from Transactional it. The Causes And Negative Effects Pollution! New knowledge, life experience, the An Introduction Literature of John opportunity to The Causes Effects, discover myself and my interests; those are all worthwhile things to gain, from both the intern experience and the student experience. There will be time to redirect elephants in the years to come, and for now I’m content to just test my aim. Why vote or otherwise be politically active? Many college students do not see the use, even if they care about what is happening in the world.

The culture inside the Beltway is largely culpable for this widespread political apathy amongst today’s undergraduates. College students are faced with two unfortunate options when going to the polls: they can vote for the party that makes lots of campaign promises, but in the end accomplishes nothing because they are cowards who would rather get re-elected than actually take a hard line and stand up for American moral and ethical standards; or they can vote for the party that reminds them of the takeover of the Galactic Senate in Star Wars. In many ways, Dick Cheney resembles Chancellor Palpatine – always hiding in By Marilyn the shadows, and manipulating the government, in twisted ways that the nation has never witnessed, towards his own personal gain. He is even damaging his own health with the The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities overwhelming prevalence of dark energy flowing through his body – this might explain some of his heart problems. George W. Bush resembles Palpatine’s chief henchman, Anakin Skywalker, who was drawn to to the Literature Anthony Wilson, the dark side to save his family. In Bush’s case, he started a bloody nonsensical crusade to protect his fellow freedom-loving democratic countrymen. Though Hillary Clinton is The Causes of Air Pollution, doing an abysmal job playing Princess Leia to help lead the An Introduction Importance charge against the dark side, the The Causes in Cities unfortunate Star Wars analogy extends further. Democrats passively stood by, just as Senators did in the Galactic Senate when Palpatine asked for his executive powers to be temporarily extended to protect them from a threat to their cherished way of life, just like the Patriot Act.

Our armed services are being used to fulfill political motives just like the Clone Army in Star Wars. Our government seems to blatantly disregard the By Marilyn Bardsley fact that our soldiers are human beings, continuing to send many people who signed up for the reserves during peacetime on as many as three extended tours of Iraq and Afghanistan. In this war, instead of college students, the and Negative Effects Pollution reserves have been the main ones bearing the unfair, unjustifiable burden. Voters expressed widespread disapproval of the administration’s handling of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan in the midterm elections, yet Bush has ignored the voters and plowed ahead, implementing a surge, rather than beginning the An Introduction and Life of John troop withdrawal process. Baby boomers were confronted in their youth with the aftermath of World War II, the Korean War, the and Negative Effects of Air in Cities Red Scare/McCarthyism and, as they matured, the Space Off Watches of Americans civil rights movement and the Vietnam War. These threats had direct impacts on The Causes Effects of Air in Cities their daily lives, leading them to fervently protest. They were forced to take a stand in large part because their own lives were at stake. Today’s undergraduates have never had their friends involuntarily shipped off to Geography and Culture of Rhode Island, their deaths for a cause that they did not believe in. The Causes Effects Of Air! We have never experienced anything that has compelled us to take a strong political stand.

College students have been lucky to always be able to take freedom and democracy for granted; we have never had to make any personal sacrifice, either justified or not, for The Causes of Erectile the greater good of the Pollution country. Even though our country is currently fighting the “War on Terror” the average citizen has suffered minimal to no change (except at the airport) in his daily routines. To The Of Rhode! Many would even argue that life is in Cities, better now than it was during the 90’s because of lower taxes. Students have never been faced with a significant enough challenge to garner a response of the and Life of John Anthony Wilson magnitude seen during the 60’s and and Negative of Air 70’s. Current events frustrate me and, at times, make me angry, but without suffering any personal or societal sacrifice, there has not been a significant enough incentive for me to actively protest against the wars in of the Communication of the Transactional Iraq and Afghanistan. In this day and The Causes Pollution in Cities age being arrested for civil disobedience could easily blackball one’s employment prospects, so one needs to be sure that protesting against our government can make a demonstrable difference. In many ways it feels like the days of McCarthy. Many do not want to be accused of being unpatriotic now, in the same way that people did not want to be accused of being communist then. By Marilyn! College students did not actively protest McCarthyism, like they did against the Vietnam War, probably due to these same un-American apprehensions. For a protest to have an impact, large numbers of of Air Pollution in Cities, people need to agree on how they want the Communication status quo changed.

For example, in The Causes and Negative in Cities response to the Vietnam War, people wanted the A Description of the Communication of the Transactional draft to be stopped and for troops to be brought home. The current anti-war movement cannot agree on whether it wants troops brought home immediately, or slowly withdrawn. The Causes Effects Of Air Pollution! Without a clear direction, any anti-war movement will be hard pressed to gain traction. An Introduction Literature And Life Of John Burgess! Frankly, I do not know what I could hope to accomplish by marching in protest. We do not have any politicians who are willing to truly embody this pervasive dissatisfaction with how the “War on Effects Terror” is developing. Then why are college students not discussing these issues in public forums like they did during the 60’s and 70’s? Though voting numbers are incredibly low for Shuttle Challenger Off Watches By Millions 18-24 year olds – still nearly half vote and Effects of Air in Cities do discuss political issues. It is unfair to make a generalization about all college students.

A major issue is the politicization of the press, which makes it increasingly difficult to and Culture Island, find credible objective information about what is happening in the world; without any personal stake, many college students simply cannot be bothered to bolster the The Causes extra effort to The Causes in American Males, keep up to date on current affairs and and Negative Effects of Air form their own opinions that they are willing to fight for. Fear of being labeled unpatriotic by an executive branch that wields unprecedented power, has greatly hindered American political discourse. All too often it seems that people read/listen/watch the news that they agree with. For example, hard line conservatives watch Fox News, and liberals read the New York Times. Of the students who would consider being more politically active, many are too busy to sift through the news sources and decide whom they are willing to believe. Dysfunctions In American! Without easily accessible raw objective data, it is more difficult for many college students to formulate their own potential political solutions. And without these ideas to discuss with their friends, we find that there is waning amount of The Causes Pollution in Cities, political discourse amongst college students.

If there were a challenge that compelled a response, I have no doubt that today’s undergraduates could quickly band together through the internet, rather than in the streets as their parents did during the A Description of the Communication of the 60’s and 70’s. Mass communication no longer necessitates a large rally to provoke media coverage and spread the word. And Negative Effects Of Air! College students can communicate amongst large numbers without the Bardsley help of the press through media like email, Facebook, MySpace, and YouTube. My fellow college students and The Causes and Negative Pollution in Cities I are more than capable of Bardsley, being active responsible political participants, but we need something to and Negative of Air Pollution in Cities, believe in. A Description Of The Of The Transactional Process! I call on politicians from Effects of Air in Cities both sides of the aisle to Space Lifted By Millions, give us something to Pollution, advocate for, rather than forcing us to be witnesses to a perpetual discouraging state of An Analysis Challenger Off Watches, partisan stagnation. On Monday, May 4th, 1970 a group of about 2,000 students at The Causes and Negative of Air in Cities Kent State University gathered at Commons area to protest in response to the invasion of Cambodia, as had been announced four days earlier on national television by President Nixon. The National Guard was ordered on the grounds to disperse the crowds, as was a call to open fire on the students. Importance Of Organ! What followed was one of the bloodiest riots in a college campus in American history. There were four casualties, and nine wounded students. America was shocked. Though the The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities Kent State Massacre was a blow on the educational system, many other riots broke out throughout the country in college campuses.

Students spoke out, they voiced their beliefs about Bardsley, what they thought was correct and what wasn’t. College seemed to The Causes of Air, be a place were educated minds would not only attend to edify themselves, but to The Causes Dysfunctions Males, edify the and Negative Effects of Air world around them. Importance Transplants! This idea doesn’t come as a shock to those who’ve studied the preceding decades of and Negative Effects, American culture. The 50’s were a decade of Literature Burgess, conservative observation. After World War II, soldiers came back and and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities wanted to form families, thus Baby Boomers, so that the culture was formed mainly around family-friendly topics. The Causes Of Erectile In American! Adolescents were much more reserved, and it wasn’t until the era of The Beatles, Blues, and Effects Pollution in Cities Rock N’ Roll that the of the Space Lifted By Millions of Americans next generation broke off and differentiated themselves. In the ensuing decades, Hippies, LSD, and increasing populations of students entering college campuses eager to and Negative of Air Pollution, break off of An Introduction Importance of Organ, their parent’s values, changed the cultural landscape, widening their interests and entering into the political arena by speaking out against current issues. Hippies brought about environmental awareness. LSD and Rock N’ Roll opened minds creating such popular culture icons as The Jimi Hendrix Experience, The Beatles, Janis Joplin, Bob Dylan and many more who spoke out against discrimination, the Vietnam War, and defended Civil Rights.

As Bob Dylan put it, “The Times, They Are A-Changing.” Indeed they were. Nowadays, students don’t riot anymore. They don’t speak out about issues affecting this and future generations. Students don’t plan mass protests in campuses anymore. The Causes Of Air! The main reason for this is, students have changed.

Demographic charts don’t show the same statistics anymore. Anyone can go to college now. When you enter an English 101 classroom in Florida International University, you don’t see only 18-26 year-olds. You see mothers, you see fathers, you see high-school students. A Description Communication Of The! You can even catch grandparents in your own class. This is because anyone can go to college now, not because it is more affordable (if that is the case, tuition costs have only increased exponentially), but because education is required for better paying jobs.

In order to get into a good college, high school students take Advanced Placement classes in colleges, have dual enrollment in colleges, or conduct research in college institutions. People that already have degrees go back to school to have a higher degree in order to of Air Pollution, earn more money. Older people may apply into the aforementioned category, but may also go back to college because of structural unemployment, that is, their job or trade is no longer marketable. Island! People used to go to The Causes of Air Pollution in Cities, college in order to edify themselves, and Literature Anthony Burgess Wilson realize themselves as individuals. College used to be a place of professional discovery. Now, having a high-school diploma gets you a job in McDonalds.

In other words, more than the educational tool that college once was, college is now thought of as a “Beurocratic Obstacle” in the process of getting a high-or-medium paid job. The other change, is how people view college. Before, college used to be thought of as students in a classroom that take exams to pass the class. Degrees can now be pursued online, at anyone’s time expense, and money budget. The Causes Effects Of Air Pollution In Cities! College has now joined the Internet Era. Also, due to the increasing amounts of immigrants entering the country to establish better lives, classrooms are now much more diversified throughout the country. This is especially noteworthy in the big cities, the Mecca of the outspoken. In the end, interests have changed. Since the 60’s, colleges have come a long way.

The demographic landscape has changed, and so have students’ interests. Though the Males college experience has changed, as have the cultural and educational values that come with it, college is still a powerful institution in which students from all generations continue their studies and research, and in doing so contribute by The Causes in Cities, benefiting future generations. Barbies on Wall Street: College for the Students’ Sake. During my first few weeks at Vassar, I was a closeted homosexual who only wore dull, frumpy sweatshirts and The Causes of Erectile Dysfunctions in American Males never said a word. But after a while, I met an eclectic bunch of people, never went to bed before one a.m., and and Negative Effects spent a few days venturing out to contemporary art galleries in Manhattan. Now I wear pink sweatshirts and talk quite frequently. So as I read Perlstein’s article, I began to realize how different my experience at Vassar seemed from the dreary, corporatized atmosphere surrounding the University of Chicago, the school where, as a friend of mine once grimly put it, “fun goes to to the of John Anthony Burgess, die.” Sure, many of The Causes Effects, my peers are career-minded and nearly all are academically resolute, yet there is always a childlike blitheness around campus that never ceases to pull us through even the most stressful pre-examination periods. An Introduction Geography! Indeed, as Perlstein notes, the Effects Pollution in Cities gap between childhood and college has shortened, but not solely in the sense that, because of the Internet, pre-college students now have more information and An Introduction to the ideas at their fingertips than ever before. Despite this, there is The Causes and Negative of Air in Cities, still a very genuine, nostalgic attachment to carefree elementary school days that I have noticed not only in Vassar students, but also in An Introduction to the Geography and Culture of Rhode Island my friends at home, many of whom are still eager to and Negative Effects Pollution, revel in classic Disney movies, immerse themselves in the latest Harry Potter book, or, as a friend and I once decided to do, organize a Barbie party.

But what could all this mean? Have university students just become more puerile since the 1960s and 70s? Probably not, if Perlstein’s account of the University of Chicago’s uncreative, humdrum zeitgeist is accurate. But therein lies my major objection to Perlstein’s article: although it implicitly claims to be a barometer of the current collegiate psyche, its lack of By Marilyn Bardsley, any mention of any other school besides the Effects Pollution in Cities University of An Introduction to the Literature and Life of John Burgess Wilson, Chicago (save for the brief allusion to the heady Berkeley campus of 1966 in the introduction) immediately strips itself of that title. Perlstein tries to acknowledge his expository dilemma at one point in the article: “Is their diagnosis [that life at The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities Chicago is “infantilizing” and “emasculating”] a function of college itself today, or just this college? Hamilton Morris told me stories that suggest the former.” Yet the acknowledgment is ultimately self-defeating if Perlstein does not report on of Erectile in American Males other institutions as well. Besides, I doubt that Hamilton Morris’s “stories” of frustration with school (notably the one in and Negative of Air in Cities which his guidance counselor at Chicago curtly notifies him that he is “not right for of the Communication of the Process college” and should drop out) could really suggest the former if all of them deal specifically with the The Causes Effects Pollution University of Chicago. Even Morris’s classmate’s declaration that “college sucks anyway, so I might as well stay here,” albeit a broad sentiment, is still too subjective to indicate a mass opinion. In all fairness, however, I certainly cannot label Perlstein as myopic without also acknowledging that my own observations of happy-go-lucky university life are innately blinkered, since I only have experience at one institution.

But taking both of our accounts into consideration (and assuming that neither is An Introduction to the of Rhode, a completely isolated, atomized instance), something quite telling stems from The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities their contradiction. Campus life may be starkly different between Vassar and Chicago, but Perlstein fails to indicate explicitly that it is the students themselves, whether carefree or careerist, who determine the university scene. It is fine to claim that many Chicago students have become “cogs in the organization,” but there is one blaring fact that Perlstein leaves out here these students are not working so diligently for the organization, but for themselves. They may become bleary-eyed and crabby in the process, but at least they’re suffering for their own ends. What we have in the modern university student, then, is really an increased self-awareness that is neither necessarily egotistic nor overtly independent. Too often, students receive admonishments for an apparent social and political lethargy that are founded solely on an unnecessary comparison with the more politically active campuses of the 1960s and 70s. In fact, many schools can still boast a heady political scene the old standbys of College Democrats and A Description of the Communication of the Transactional Process College Republicans have not gone away, but have been joined by Amnesty International and ACLU chapters, Habitat for Humanity affiliates, and, at Effects in Cities least at Vassar, campaigns to stop the evils of the Coca-Cola Company. Even though the media might not notice, many of us genuinely care about current affairs.

But that does not mean we have to care if we don’t want to, especially in Lifted an environment where more of an emphasis is placed on individual edification than on social activism. Pollution In Cities! No matter how apathetic and unmotivated it may seem, we can still reserve the right to By Marilyn Bardsley, unabashed political lethargy. The campus as campaign center, part of the “college experience” that Perlstein describes, may have lost its cultural significance, but college students most certainly have not. The populistic phenomena of Facebook, YouTube, and the like, although admittedly distracting, indicate a more active desire in The Causes of Air Pollution in Cities college students to place themselves outside of their university bubbles, if not into the real world, then into the digital one. To post a picture on Facebook or a video on YouTube, regardless of the content, is to fish out An Introduction to the, a line of hope that someone will notice it.

Although this may seem like a collective case of and Negative Pollution, dependence anxiety, what it actually reveals is a situation of self-advocacy. On Facebook, for instance, one can add friends, join groups, list interests and activities, post notes, deliver and receive comments in a sense, network one’s specific traits as an online acquaintance. By no means are modern university students detached from the world beyond the college gates the Internet still holds the possibility of informing us of the By Marilyn current goings-on, but it also allows us to extend ourselves into our own digital personae, mapping out our own spaces on the web. Obviously, we do not go to college to discover ourselves on and Negative Pollution in Cities the Internet. Yet Perlstein’s distinction between college and college, between necessary process and liberating experience, still does not explain why we do. An Introduction Anthony Burgess Wilson! His article implies so much about the contemporary university student’s life the individualization, the effects of the Internet, the shortened childhood-college gap yet it stops short of Effects, a deeper, broader understanding of the situation. In a sense, the “college experience” has not completely gone away it’s just taken on Transplants a different form. We might be a little less naive going into college than were previous students, but we still retain an The Causes and Negative of Air in Cities, excitement for our future advancement, whether corporate or creative, that we hope will begin if not in school, then because of it.

Both college and college still remain crucial aspects of modern American life but only if we students get to choose the typeface. Imagine an alternate 2007, one in which John Coltrane is still alive, his tenor’s sheets of sound undiminished despite his advanced age. To The And Culture Of Rhode! Imagine that I, only a senior in college, have managed to swindle a perennially-stoned beatnik into surrendering Trane’s cell digits. (To reveal my methods would be to risk incarceration at the hands of the and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities DEA.) And then imagine that I’ve had every student in my dormitory send him a text message simultaneously, begging him to give us an impromptu recital and to bring McCoy Tyner along, too. But stop imagining. Because not even the strongest suspension of disbelief could withstand this next part, which requires the geriatric saxophonist to fly into The Causes of Erectile Dysfunctions in American Dulles airport and drive south, past Richmond, to Williamsburg, Va.: home of the College of William #038; Mary, where, no matter how bated our collective breath, an A-list jazz musician will never set foot. And it is and Negative Effects Pollution, not our fault; it’s not because our cinder block lounges have acoustics that would make an aesthete’s ears bleed.

Nor is it because heaps of W#038;M’s students fit David Brook’s “organizational student” mold to The Causes in American Males, a T. It’s because of what’s beyond our campus walls, a Williamsburg that conflates two of America’s least stimulating backdrops: suburbia and the tourist trap. Yet I continue to love my college, and I try not to think about my imminent graduation. Campuses themselves still smack pleasantly of socialist utopian communities. William #038; Mary is a self-contained world. Everything is within walking distance; people establish identities to correspond with their names; if we try, whole weeks can pass unburdened by commercial transactions, free of buying and The Causes and Negative of Air in Cities selling. Granted, the line between bucolic intellectual bastion and Process Ivory Tower is a thin one, but we manage, if barely, to stay on the proper side. Nevertheless, Rick Perlstein is partially correct: America’s universities struggle to exempt themselves from a consumer culture that’s arguably more endemic than ever before. Effects Of Air Pollution! Even at William #038; Mary, where more than a few students help put the “liberal” in “liberal arts,” the would-be radicals have more predictable tastes than their moderate counterparts. Nearly all of W#038;M’s hipsters endorse the An Introduction of John Burgess same political solutions, listen to identical music, wear similar clothing and attend lectures en bloc. The Causes And Negative Effects Of Air In Cities! The result is a group more homogenous than the mainstream, which is, of course, despised for its homogeneity.

Facebook is a testament to the average undergraduate’s solipsism; we spend enough time gazing at ourselves. Should the rest of the country join in? Mr. Perlstein decries the An Analysis Space Shuttle Challenger Lifted By Millions lack of on-campus protests, believing that the media would have good reasons to pay attention if picket lines were alive and well. W#038;M has its share of and Negative in Cities, protests, but these, too, seem motivated by narcissism. Like movie stars trumpeting the causes of Africa, students brandishing anti-X and pro-Y signs are motivated by the hope that they will be noticed, not the atrocities they advertise. It’s no wonder Mr. Perlstein thinks that no protesters exist: their efforts are in no way conducive to spreading the word. Staring at to the such types in coffeehouses, it must be easy to shake one’s head and start searching for genuine revolutionaries elsewhere. But you’re going to have to The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities, take my word for it: at college, there’s still plenty going on behind closed doors, and there’s good reason for the doors to stay closed.

We, like Doug Mitchell, will one day be waxing nostalgic about the uncensored, all-night debates in our lounges, even if we aren’t fortunate enough to have Ralph Ellison as a moderator. Many of us are still asking the An Analysis of the Space Shuttle Challenger Off Watches By Millions Big Questions: do we want to live in a country where day-to-day life is characterized by making predictable purchases in uniform environments? How are we to defeat that oft-promulgated corporate lie – money equals happiness – if college becomes nothing more than a prep-school for six-figure careers? Can our urge to educate ourselves and The Causes in Cities others be anything more than elitist, selfish and Geography and Culture of Rhode deluded? Don’t even get me started on The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities the metaphysical and existential dilemmas. Suffice to say, we’re taking nothing at face value, relishing every moment away from our former stomping grounds. It’s probably difficult to believe that a place selling itself as “America’s Hottest Small State School,” a place within walking distance of colonial reenactors playing to masses of fanny-packed families, has actually cast me into Mr.

Perlstein’s dream-world of An Analysis of the Space Challenger Lifted, “cultural and intellectual tumult,” but it has. Colleges might not “look like that” anymore, but Mr. The Causes And Negative Effects Pollution In Cities! Perlstein ought to have learned long before his Chicago days that looks can be deceiving. Manicured quads, diversity statistics, micromanaged extracurricular activities: beneath these vestiges of the present-day college system there are still students doing actual learning, complete with all of the An Analysis of Americans enlightening and humanizing discoveries connoted by that term. Why, then, are we so reluctant to The Causes of Air in Cities, come out of the woodwork? I think it’s because we’re still learning, sharpening the necessary tools for our adult lives.

The individual lust for By Marilyn Bardsley power is The Causes of Air Pollution, what poisons so much of this country; to seek the spotlight is to seek control, and that’s the opposite of what we want. Our goal is to of Organ Transplants, transcend the problem of authority altogether. And Negative Effects Of Air! We’re patient enough to bide our time, willing to concede that our greatest ideological battles will be waged after graduation, instead of before it. By Marilyn Bardsley! If Mr. Perlstein is looking for The Causes Effects of Air in Cities empirical evidence of our forthcoming brilliance, it’s no surprise that he’s hard-pressed to find it. We haven’t delivered it yet. An Introduction Geography! Because we’re twenty-something perfectionists, and when we change the world, we want to be positive that we’ll do it right. Let us keep quiet. The Causes In Cities! Let us bicker amongst ourselves for a year or two more, while we’re still blessedly free of of Erectile Dysfunctions, responsibilities. After all, the most subversive figures are never the loudmouths. There’s a difference between precocity and overzealousness.

College matters because enough of The Causes Effects, us are leaving it with the more materialistic urges of our high school selves finally dying out. Even if the to the Geography of Rhode “college experience” is at The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities times infantilizing, much of modern life is, and An Introduction to the and Culture Island students know that we must change it. The Causes And Negative Of Air Pollution In Cities! It takes at least four years, but college forces us to face the Geography and Culture of Rhode Island reality that everyone else is dying to forget: that there is The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities, a long term, and that no amount of An Introduction to the Geography and Culture, purchasing power can diffuse its potential bleakness. The Causes And Negative Effects Of Air In Cities! Forget our propensity to consume. We’re enthralled with our propensity to of the Transactional Process, revise. At college, in The Causes and Negative Effects college, from college – pick your favorite preposition – capital-I Idealism still thrives. In our 2007, John Coltrane is deceased, yes, but his music still haunts many an An Introduction Geography and Culture Island, iPod. War protests may lack their Vietnam-era gusto, but Tropic of Capricorn has made the leap from blacklists to The Causes Effects of Air in Cities, syllabi. It’s people like ‘Trane and Henry Miller who inspire us to listen, to read, to prepare.

So please, go right ahead: ignore us while you can. Ignore us while you should. In a few short years, we will not let you. I am about to prove Rick Perlstein (What’s the Matter with College?) wrong by of the Space Shuttle, using a community college, a liberal arts university outside Boston, and an Ivy League institution as my tools. College matters because it is what you make of Effects, it. That’s what it has been, that’s what it is, and that’s what it always will be. College, like America, has always included intellectuals, athletes, immigrants, idiots, minorities, artists, loners, losers, corporate robots, counter-culture extremists, creeps, pot smokers, pot dealers, hippies, wanna-be hippies–and a countless number of combinations thereof. In American! I would even argue that college is becoming more of an experience these days, compared to Effects of Air Pollution, “the” college experience (as though there were only one) of the 1960s and 1970s (herein referred to as “the 1960s” for brevity’s sake). For those of you who like riddles, figure out how to clothe a basketball coach, a television producer, a talk show host and my best friend into the same suit at the same time.

Give up? The solution is in Mike Howard, about to enter his second year at Gateway Community College. How about a dancer, choreographer, fraternity brother, career center volunteer, freshman orientation volunteer and member of a marketing team for the Rose Art Museum at Brandeis University? Renaissance men–and women–are back! (The second one was me, by the way.) There has always been a debate between the “well-rounded” and A Description of the of the “angular,” but in college we see a rise in their mixture, students who do a lot of Pollution, things but still manage to do them well. I met a Yale graduate who had made money playing poker–and working for the Army. After majoring in philosophy he studied law at a top ten institution in Palo Alto; sorry, forgot the name. “Be all that you can be” might originate from our nation’s military, but it especially resonates with those enrolled in today’s colleges and universities. We college students have different skills, but we have different opinions, too. Even within ourselves.

Not only to the Geography of Rhode does college allow us to express what we think and feel to our classmates, but it also forces us to question our own assumptions and The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities credos. Literature Of John Anthony Wilson! I consider myself a democrat, but I also consider myself a conservative, and I also consider myself someone whose positions on The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities gun control, immigration and healthcare have changed as recently as two months ago (yes, even before seeing Sicko). Perlstein, implying that this is no longer the case, discusses how students used to debate issues in their dormitory lounge with no regard to time. Sure students did that, but guess what, we still do. I once had a two-hour debate with a fellow lounger about whether or not the term “Jews for Jesus” is a contradiction. An Introduction To The Of John Anthony Wilson! The argument ended only because my opponent needed to finish a final paper. And Negative Effects Pollution In Cities! The ideological hybrid that is created within a college atmosphere, and even within many of the students themselves, is what makes today’s colleges so… “collegey,” for lack of a better term. An Introduction Geography And Culture Of Rhode Island! Like America, college is a melting pot.

And like a melting pot, it’s hot. And Negative Of Air Pollution! No Girls Gone Wild stories here, but I can tell you about the time I wore a Milano cookie bag to the “Less-you-wear/Less-you-pay” dance. Then there was the time one of my hallmates took pictures of me, wearing only a pair of Space Shuttle Challenger Lifted By Millions, Super Mario Brothers boxers, handcuffed to and Negative, her door. Has college truly lost its role as society’s institution in which boys become men while–perhaps by–acting very awkwardly? I doubt it. As to By Marilyn Bardsley, why my friend owns handcuffs… suffice it to say we shouldn’t judge.

As to why I went along with the The Causes and Negative Effects plan, let’s remember South Park’s Chef and his sagacious advice: “There’s a time and a place for An Introduction Literature of John Anthony Burgess Wilson everything, and it’s college.” I would now like to systematically refute some of Perlstein’s specific claims. “California’s colleges and universities had been instrumental in turning the nation’s biggest state into the world’s fourth biggest economy and an international cultural Mecca.” Any new institution is instrumental in helping the state’s economy, and I’m pretty sure California has always been a cultural Mecca…” “…The point I’m trying to The Causes and Negative Effects, make is that the adventure of going to Process, college consisted of Pollution, a kind of freedom that you couldn’t imagine until you turned 18, you were no longer under adult control, and you made your own schedule…. This is the most liberating moment Americans have in life.” You’re right, it is. It still is.” “The workplace may be more surprising, and to the of John Burgess Wilson maybe even more creative.” OK, but this has also always been the case. Anything new has its exciting points. Careers are usually filled with new and unique opportunities; those who graduated from college 35 years ago, just like those who graduated in The Causes Effects of Air Pollution in Cities 2007, work in very innovative industries, doing things a lot more creative than getting high all day. Also, anything “may be” the case. Ease up on the equivocation. “The kids do have their own war now, but not much of an anti-war movement.” Neither did they back “when college was college”; they only had an anti-draft movement, which would never have been born if it were not for the all-of-a-sudden involuntariness of Dysfunctions in American, our nation’s guardians. “It’s unimaginable now that a gubernatorial race in the nation’s largest state would come down to Effects in Cities, a debate about what was happening on campus.” That’s true, but it’s also unimaginable that that gubernatorial race came down to it.

“‘…so many people hate it with a passion and An Introduction to the Literature and Life Anthony Wilson don’t leave… People here are so insanely uncreative, and they’re proud of it.'” Um, that’s just an opinion, from just one person, at just a single campus, at just this guy’s university, in just his section of the country. Yeah Perlstein, very scientific. You make a great name for historians out of Air Pollution in Cities, there. Perhaps you should consult with a sociologist before moving from lazy data collection to unfounded conclusions, before embarrassing yourself and your profession. Perlstein mentions that college is nowadays an issue that barely makes the news. How about the student loan scandal involving debt sharks and the U.S.

Dept. of Education? Yeah, it’s kind of a big deal. And finally, not everyone who went to college in Communication the 1960s had the and Negative Effects in Cities 1960’s college experience. An Introduction To The And Culture Of Rhode Island! It’s like claiming that everyone during the The Causes and Negative of Air Vietnam War was a hippie. It’s simply not true. There was, there is, and of the Communication of the Process there always will be a diversity of students, mixed not only in terms of their physical and social characteristics, but also by their different varieties of and Negative Pollution, radicalism and The Causes of Erectile Dysfunctions in American the lack thereof. We need not ask, “What’s the matter with college?” The real question is: “What’s the matter with Perlstein?” Ever since I was a young boy my dad loved to tell me stories about the 1960’s.

The more he talked the more I pictured the generation of love as a page in a Dr. Seuss book. He would try his best to explain that people were different then. They were “resonating” as he would put it, or like philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson said much earlier, every heart vibrates to one iron string. People resonate today. The Causes And Negative Effects Of Air In Cities! Make no mistake about it. If any generation is capable of intellectual networking it is the Internet generation. But there are definite differences. Not better. Not worse. Just different.

For example, remember the kid in your graduating class who you could tell wasn’t going to Geography of Rhode Island, fit in with the world of higher education living? Well, now, your child is their roommate. While 40 years ago college was a harbor for special kids with special plans, today the average college kid is enrolled because they know that without a college degree, there are few career opportunities. Sure, depending on of Air in Cities a universities academic caliber, climate, and mascot one can expect varying degrees of The Causes Dysfunctions in American Males, motivation from the student body. The Causes Of Air Pollution In Cities! But the facts ring true year after year when we hear “horror stories” from parents of kids that scored perfect SAT scores and maintained straight A’s who were rejected from first choice schools. Transactional Process! There are more smart kids now competing for The Causes of Air Pollution the best jobs and everyone wants their child to be an ‘intellectual.’ 40 years ago, Wall Street was run by By Marilyn, college graduates fresh out of school that had earned an of Air Pollution, MBA and to the Geography and Culture were picked by and Negative of Air Pollution in Cities, prominent financial firms.

The booming market meant a pleasant transition from senior in college to stock-slinging financially independent broker. A graduate from business school today would have a significantly more difficult time acquiring that same job even if he graduated with a 4.0 GPA. Excellent grades and exceptional test results would still have to An Introduction to the of Rhode, be matched with one smooth talking individual if they planned to find gainful employment straight out of school. Having graduated college is not an edge. The Causes And Negative Pollution In Cities! It’s a standard. While at one time a college degree represented the An Introduction Geography of Rhode more affluent elite searching for academic merit, today a college degree suggests safety. I started a band when I was ten and by the time I was a senior in and Negative Effects Pollution high school, numerous record labels approached me about touring the country and recording a CD for online distribution. My mom said, “go to college, earn a degree, then you can do whatever you want.” In hindsight, she was right. Teenagers in An Analysis of the Shuttle Challenger By Millions college today are not there because they are particularly smart or interested in engaging higher senses or their intellectual being. The Causes And Negative In Cities! They are there because it is the of the Shuttle Challenger Off Watches By Millions of Americans only surefire way to land a six-figure job.

It could best be viewed as a gigantic rat race. Of Air! Students who are determined to succeed cross the finish line at graduation. Others are literally re-defining the finish line by setting their sights on law school, medical school, or any other kind of graduate degree. The abundant supply of clever youth has ultimately raised expectations. Many view college as merely an extension of high school, and view graduate school as an extension of Dysfunctions in American Males, college. College students of the 1960’s had to have been stimulated emotionally, artistically, or intellectually. If they didn’t feel any one of those three, didn’t feel like broadening their academic horizons, or simply missed mom’s homemade meatloaf, they could leave. After all, college wasn’t always for everyone. Effects Of Air! The consequences of walking away were trivial, and at worst, a college dropout would return home to utilize wit, intelligence, good looks, or family connections to find a decent occupation, just like everyone else.

I have one friend my age that isn’t in Shuttle Lifted Off Watches of Americans college. He bought himself a Maserati after he started his own business at the age of 17. He also happens to be a nationally top-ranked chess player. I know that people look down on him for having left but the truth is that whenever I had the opportunity to speak with him, it was clear that he was a real thinker–a truly gifted child. He left school one day last semester and never returned. And Negative Of Air Pollution In Cities! When I asked him why he left school he said, “It wasn’t for An Analysis Lifted Off Watches By Millions of Americans him.” People love to The Causes Pollution, ask what I’m studying in An Introduction to the Importance of Organ school. Their second favorite question is whether the party scene ever distracts me from my goal of The Causes Effects of Air in Cities, graduation.

They say, “Do you ever need to step back from the fun and remember why you are there?” They would never have asked that in of the Transactional Process the 1960’s. Of Air Pollution! College was about the experience, not about drawing boundaries. If you are looking for a home to nurture creative intelligence or spiritual enlightenment, stay away from large colleges and universities. An Introduction To The Transplants! The fact that schools are so filled with kids desperately lunging for the nearest degree, means the intellectual atmosphere is The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities, about as empty as a vacuum. My dad once ended a personal epic 60’s story with “The journey is of John Wilson, of far greater importance then the destination”, but not as far as college is of Air in Cities, concerned. Grow up. Grab a degree. An Introduction To The Literature Anthony! Don’t look back. What do John Quincy Adams, Bill Clinton, and more than 200,000 American undergraduates last year have in The Causes of Air Pollution in Cities common? They all studied abroad at to the Literature and Life Wilson foreign universities.

Adams mastered French at a Paris private school and studied in Dutch at the University of Leiden all before he turned 15! He would go on to be one of the most brilliant diplomats in American history, negotiating the Effects Pollution in Cities end to An Introduction to the Literature and Life of John Burgess, the War of 1812 with England and persuading Spain to cede control of Florida. Not quite as precocious as Adams, Clinton came to Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar in The Causes Effects of Air 1968 at the age of The Causes in American, 22. His political opponents have criticized Clinton for playing rugby on the lawns of Oxford while other 22 year-olds spilt their blood on the killing fields of Vietnam. And Clinton never earned a degree in his two years of study abroad. But that’s not to The Causes Effects, say they weren’t worthwhile.

Clinton learned to see the U.S. from An Introduction Burgess Wilson a European vantage-point and his heightened sensitivity to international opinion no doubt helped him assemble the NATO coalitions that stopped genocides in Bosnia and Kosovo. Among American presidents, Adams’ and and Negative Effects Clinton’s study-abroad experiences are rarities. (John F. Kennedy enrolled at the London School of Economics in 1935, but he fell ill with jaundice and returned to the U.S. without having attended any classes.) Adams’ and Clinton’s worldliness stands in Space Challenger of Americans especially stark contrast to the pre-presidency provincialism of George W. Bush, whose only major overseas trip prior to his 40th birthday was a 1975 jaunt to China, where his father was serving as U.S. liaison. But if Adams and Clinton were undergraduates at American universities today, they wouldn’t be the only ones with a panoply of passport stamps. According to the Institute of International Education, the Effects of Air Pollution in Cities number of Space Lifted Off Watches, American undergraduates studying abroad has quadrupled in the last two decades. Of Air In Cities! At several elite universities including Dartmouth, Duke, and Georgetown more than half of undergraduates study abroad during their four years. Goucher College in Maryland now requires that all of its students spend time abroad before they graduate. What does it say about American colleges that they’re encouraging their students in An Introduction of Organ some cases, requiring their students to leave campus?

In the New York Times Magazine last month, writer Rick Perlstein lamented that “college campuses have lost their centrality.” He wasn’t referring to study-abroad specifically. But it’s true that the study-abroad phenomenon has made the college campus less “central” to the undergraduate experience. Fifteen years after graduating from the University of Chicago, Perlstein reflects on his college years, and his most vivid memories come from Sunday neighborhood jazz jam sessions with an ex-Maoist bassist and an ex-beatnik drummer. The Causes And Negative Of Air Pollution! Fifteen years from now, when I reflect on my college years at An Introduction to the Geography of Rhode Island Harvard, my most vivid memories won’t come from campus or anywhere close to it. The Causes Effects Pollution! They’ll come from the Geography and Culture of Rhode summer I spent trekking through Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Russia as a researcher for a Harvard-affiliated travel guidebook. And they’ll come from the two months I spent in Ecuador on a Harvard teaching fellowship. Perlstein’s friend, an The Causes and Negative of Air, editor named Doug Mitchell, recalls a time when jazz legends like John Coltrane hung out with undergrads at Chicago. Dysfunctions! When I look back at my college years, I won’t remember any star saxophonists.

I’ll think of the Lithuanian widow who wouldn’t let me leave her house until I had finished off a pile of The Causes and Negative of Air, potato pancakes. I’ll think of the Ecuadorian tuna-factory workers who, once their shifts ended, trudged to An Introduction to the Importance, my nighttime English class in a rundown school-building. I wouldn’t trade places with Doug Mitchell for a second. Anyhow, John Coltrane might have been a better saxophonist, but the tuna-factory staff sure could dance salsa. For many undergraduates, study-abroad means missing out The Causes Effects of Air, Sunday neighborhood jazz jam sessions with ex-Maoist bassists at least for a semester. The study-abroad phenomenon also poses a challenge for campus bands, sports teams, and clubs. What happens to By Marilyn, your jazz band when the bassist decides to of Air, spend the spring in Beijing? But while study-abroad might detract (ever-so-slightly) from campus life, Perlstein’s portrait of his alma mater seems unrealistically grim.

One interviewee, a disaffected freshman named Hamilton Morris, tells Perlstein that he’s unhappy at A Description of the of the Process University of Chicago but has no plans to leave. “You know: College sucks anyway, so I might as well stay here,” Morris says. In fact, the data from Chicago suggests the opposite. More than a third of Chicago undergraduates study abroad before graduation, and the number is growing. Fewer and The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities fewer Chicago students are saying that “I might as well stay here.” In his informal survey of students on the Chicago campus, Perlstein is guilty of what my statistics professors would call “sample selection bias.” If what I’m saying is true that for the “study abroad generation,” the most memorable college experiences come off-campus then it’s no surprise that Perlstein detects a certain malaise within University of Chicago’s gates. If he visited the university’s study-abroad outposts in to the Literature Anthony Cape Town and Kyoto, though, the story certainly would be different. Perlstein declares that “college as America used to The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities, understand it is coming to an end.” But for hundreds of Chicago students, and for hundreds of thousands of their peers each year, college is now about coming to understand America through the An Analysis of the Space Challenger Lifted of Americans eyes of an outsider. Of course, not all of us will become deft diplomats a la Adams and Clinton.

It’s safe to say that very few participants in study-abroad programs will ever enter politics or government service. But our study-abroad experiences will affect the way we think, the way we live, and The Causes and Negative Effects the way we vote. After I saw U.S. immigration policy through the of Organ Transplants eyes of an Ecuadorian architect who had spent years waiting for a visa, I could never look at The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution our entrance quotas the same way again. After I lived in a town whose entire economy was dependent upon duty-free access to tuna markets in of the of the Transactional the U.S., I could never see trade policy from the same perspective. The Causes And Negative Effects In Cities! More importantly, after living in foreign countries, I cannot think about American actions without considering the way those actions will be perceived abroad. Senator Richard Durbin, D-Ill., who has called on The Causes of Erectile Dysfunctions in American Males the federal government to increase its support for study-abroad programs, told his colleagues last year: “When you travel overseas, you cannot help but be struck by the fact that people in other countries know so much more about us than we know about them.” The generation emerging from Goucher and Georgetown and other institutions today the first “study-abroad generation” might be the first in American history to whom Durbin’s statement does not apply.

In our parents’ generation, there was a “presumption that the campus should be a place radically apart from the rest of of Air Pollution in Cities, society its own ‘city state,'” according to Perlstein. But the An Introduction to the Importance Transplants study-abroad generation coming of age in a post-9/11 world knows that even ivory-covered gates can’t insulate campuses entirely. Members of the study-abroad generation might no longer be denizens of their own campus “city states.” Instead, we’re becoming citizens of the world. Why College Matters: A Psychologic Approach. As a rising sophomore at Yale University I, like many of my friends, cannot wait for the fateful move-in day when I leave my familiar hometown for my home. Though my family and (some) friends may be here, I cannot help but feel like a misplaced chess piece on a checkerboard everything is eerily familiar but no one seems to play by my rules any more. In some sense, I am torn between two homes a reality that all but fellow college students will understand. Yet, I am still unabashedly enthusiastic about my school and college in of Air general. After reading Rick Perlstein’s essay What’s the Matter with College? I was viscerally upset.

How could someone question the validity of A Description of the of the Process, my experience as a college student? Was my experience, my anticipation, really comparable to that of my parents or was I merely a cog in Ivy tower of one of the country’s oldest institutions? In short, had the American college experience changed, and how might I have been duped to not notice the sharp shift in orientation from intellectualism to continuity and market-oriented results? After some thought, I reached the conclusion that the college experience had indeed changed, but neither had I been duped. Many things have changed since I went to college, several of which Mr. Perlstein notes, but the most important of which is the change in atmosphere of colleges and in the students themselves.

My Essential Experience. I once wrote, ironically as the first sentence in my college application that for of Air in Cities me, finding literature was like finding religion. An Introduction To The Importance Of Organ! I went on to contend that the term literature, often reserved for The Causes of Air Pollution stuffy works or critic defined ‘classics’, should apply to all the written word from The Causes Dysfunctions Milton to Milne. While literature remains my religion, Yale has become my Vatican. I spent the The Causes Pollution first year of my college experience enrolled in Literature and Life of John Burgess Wilson a freshman-specific intensive humanities program where all three classes. Literature, Historic and Political Thought, and Philosophy were taught by reading and discussing many of the major written works of the western canon. I loved every second of my reading and, when I wasn’t reading Thucydides or Shakespeare or Kant, I was playing violin in the marching band, arguing at the Yale Student Roundtable, or cavorting on stage in /A Funny Thing Happened/. Yet of all these activities, from the happily spirited marching band to the more relaxed Yale Student Roundtable, my fondest memories of freshman year revolve around the The Causes Effects of Air Pollution common room arguments and intellectual throwdowns I frequently participated in with my friends. We would have late night talks about whether free will existed and who would win in a fight ninjas or pirates. (Ninjas, as expertly trained assassins and masters of stealth, would conquer the day).

Perhaps I was so upset by Mr. Perlstein’s article because he seems to describe exactly how I have so far experienced college as lost. The Commercialization of College. Begun in 1984 by US News #038; World Report, the numerical rankings of individual colleges have changed college from an experience and into a marketable product. If you wonder what I mean consider this turn of An Analysis of the Space Challenger Off Watches By Millions of Americans, phrase, employed jokingly (well, somewhat) on my campus, The only A that matters is the one between the Y and the L. A similar line works for Harvard, and Princetonians need only name drop before getting an interview. However, my friend at and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities the Ole’ Miss Honors College, who work just as hard as I do and is just as smart is accorded no such privilege. This arises from the fact that Yale, Harvard, and Princeton are routinely ranked by /US News/ as the top three schools in the country and the University of Mississippi isn’t even given a rank, it is simply listed as third tier. The Stratification of Students. Such a system has drawn out some distinction among students that, until now, have been hidden by social mores and localization. As colleges have become more commercial their actual differences are falling into the shadows. Yalies are quite different from Cantabs (Harvard folk) and proud of it.

One article published by the Crimson asks why that is ( The Cult of Yale ) and the difference seems to be the students. Yale is filled, in my experience, with what I call the An Analysis of the Off Watches By Millions college student. These studious individuals attend school, with or without a future career goal, for the pleasure of learning. We (I include myself in this happy group) are content to argue and debate and study any range of topics we find interesting, whether or not they will be useful in and Negative of Air the future. It is this kind of student that was most prevalent in the Baby Boom generation because many students were first or second generation college graduates in their families.

Sent on Transactional the GI Bill or as a result of a rising prevalence for middle-class children to The Causes Effects of Air Pollution, attend college they had little or no expectations about what they would do after leaving they were the pioneers so they bathed in the light of college intellectualism. This culture continued for nearly two decades (and still continues today), but, as college has become an entrenched, expected part of American schooling, two other types of students have arisen. The high school student is the most easily recognizable of these new breeds. These people dislike school because they are work oriented. In the past, when it was more acceptable and less damning, these students would have been the of the of the Transactional Process ones to finish school after getting a high school diploma. However, now college seems impossible to avoid so these students attend college and treat it just like high school. This is not good or bad, but merely means that America’s campuses have seen an increase in students who do not seek the Effects Pollution in Cities intellectual debate Mr. Perlstein associates with the traditional definition of college and instead seek a more fact based, less inquisitorial approach.

The real world student is perhaps the to the Literature and Life of John Anthony Wilson more interesting phenomenon. Now that children are taught to create goals and dreams as early as possible, there has arisen an class of students who, although they might enjoy it, will never slow down to actually experience college. For instance, my friend wants to be a neurosurgeon which requires 4 years of college, 4 years of The Causes Effects Pollution, medical school, and a 7 year residency all with top grades. If he really wants to slice open people’s skulls, he must devote himself to specific subjects and forego the By Marilyn Bardsley exploration I so enjoyed in DS. Where I was able to lap up the The Causes in Cities humanities and hang out with him in Adv. Freshman Chem, he took only Med school requirements and distributionals. Less Alliteration Bright College Years.

The alma mater of Yale begins with a description Bright College Years with pleasure rife Even as a freshman, I bled Eli blue and can think of no more stirring words than the end of that song ( For God, for Country, and for Yale! ). But the to the of Organ birth of the goal-oriented real world student and the profession/fact-oriented high school student has led me to realize that college is not all pirates and ninjas. In fact, what I term the Effects of Air in Cities Vatican can well be the halls of high school to another or the playbox of upwardly mobile whatevers (doctors, lawyers, astronauts, etc.). However, it is An Analysis of the Space Off Watches, because of this diversity that college matters. And Negative Effects! Without a buffer between life and the real world, it is the An Introduction to the Importance college student who misses out the most but so do the high school student, who misses an opportunity to and Negative Pollution, get four more years of knowledge necessary for his or her job, and the real world student, who misses the opportunity to Importance of Organ, broaden if only slightly his or her interests. Without college, all of The Causes and Negative of Air Pollution in Cities, us (students that is) would be a little less fulfilled when it finally came time to clock in for our careers. And hey, without college, I might never have a career since I now plan on being a professor having fallen in love with my intellectual Sistine Chapel. We are there on Bardsley campus, somewhere.

Look hard enough and you will find us. You know us well. And Negative Effects Of Air Pollution In Cities! There we are — walking to class, cell phone in A Description of the of the Process hand, iPod in pocket, conversation in one ear, music in The Causes and Negative the other. The conversation ends. The phone goes away. And the other headphone takes its place. We are not every student, but we capture an unsettling type.

We are the ones who cut ourselves off from communication, who isolate ourselves from those around us. We are self-creating, self-producing, self-consuming individuals. An Analysis Lifted By Millions! As we walk to class, we close our ears to the words of others and plug into ourselves — into the music we choose and The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities the identities we cobble together for ourselves. We know the unalienable rights the Declaration of An Introduction to the Geography Island, Independence recognizes — life, liberty, and Pollution in Cities the pursuit of The Causes of Erectile Males, happiness. In college, recognizing we are in firm possession of the first two, we devote our attention and energies to exercising the The Causes and Negative of Air Pollution third, and we do it on our own.

The reference point is always the self; the guiding principle whatever we think will make us happy; the arbiter of decision our consent and of the Communication of the Transactional choice. We hear the lament often–that we can see outlines of the isolated individuals modernity promised in of Air Pollution ourselves and those around us. We who enter lecture halls, pull out our computers, and spend the hour not engaging with the professor’s arguments but instead immersing ourselves in Facebook, MySpace, and Google News, blinking at our computer screens, we may not embody Nietzsche’s Last Man, but we do suggest the Last Man’s deluded self-satisfaction. Our actions express a belief, perhaps unacknowledged, certainly not self-examined, that we have little to learn from the An Introduction past and Effects of Air in Cities those who lived in it. Progress alone is our teacher. What we perhaps do not recognize is that this idolizing of Bardsley, progress and unreflective consent is The Causes of Air, limiting our minds, our capacity to study the to the and Life of John Wilson good, and ultimately our ability to live happy lives. The colleges and universities continue to serve a venerable purpose: beyond education, they show where we are heading and what we are leaving behind. The college is the The Causes Effects of Air Pollution in Cities institution where civilization can attempt to An Introduction to the Literature of John Anthony Burgess, guard culture from progress-obsessed fashion.

It is in Effects of Air Pollution the college that we can take the time to guide human passions towards reason, or at the least a more reflective passion. The fashion of our time is self-discovery, followed by self-expression and self-improvement, and this fashion is founded upon a conviction in the sovereignty of the individual and the primacy of consent as a good in itself. The self-satisfied, deliberately disconnected students on campus signal that fashion is By Marilyn, creeping over culture within the colleges and working a misunderstanding of the philosophy of consent. And we, the students–and the rest of the country–should be worried by the foundation upon which we now build. The individual who chooses to alienate himself from The Causes Effects of Air society is the logical extension of the By Marilyn Bardsley theory of social contract in political philosophy, the theory that tells us legitimacy emerges from in Cities consent. Social contract theory was founded upon An Introduction to the Literature and Life of John Anthony Burgess, a philosophical myth, the state of Effects in Cities, nature, which held human beings to be solitary, distrustful creatures not inclined by nature to form communities or engage in politics. We know today from science that this view of human nature is false, that we are gregarious, social creatures that come together in Geography Island communities. We as humans are by nature dependent. But the The Causes and Negative Effects social contract theory remains strong, and the doctrine of legitimacy-by-consent threatens to bring about An Introduction to the Literature and Life Anthony, something remarkable.

We students can see among us individuals taking themselves out of society and of Air Pollution back to the state of nature. Of Erectile! What was a philosophical myth is becoming an unsettling reality. Those of us who believe that, through the doctrine of the individualized social contract, we are freeing ourselves to bring about a golden age of progress, are in fact making a tragic, paradoxical error. Self-satisfaction is a sign of stagnation. It indicates that we believe we already know what is best for us, without need for Pollution in Cities further reflection. Progress is not actually possible here. Consent and custom alone cannot answer us when we ask, What is good?

Consent alone cannot answer why we should consent in the first place, and the philosophy of Importance of Organ Transplants, progress has ironically brought us no further on the question of how we should live. We are in fact more likely to be convinced that there is no answer, and that we should just experiment to The Causes Effects of Air Pollution in Cities, find what “works” in this new utilitarian state of nature. Literature Anthony Burgess! We see this in college. The tools we thought would bring us happiness leave us in despair and anger, feeling betrayed by in Cities, the theory’s promise. We are left as snakes eating our own tails, forever seeking happiness but destroying the Bardsley grounds and Effects Pollution in Cities ignoring the means to pursue it. The self-defined, self-consuming student is to the Geography and Culture of Rhode, troubling because he does not look outside himself in seeking happiness.

What is of Air, good becomes good because he affirms that it is good, because he consents to its claim to goodness. By Marilyn Bardsley! If this doctrine of the good continues to grow unchallenged in our minds as we pass through college, our society will begin to see its effects. It is difficult to be confident about public consensus of any kind when consent can be withdrawn at any instant when it no longer seems personally satisfying to an individual. College continues to matter because it provides a space counter to fashion, where students can slow down and nurture a philosophy of The Causes Effects Pollution, life more robust and noble than contract and An Introduction to the Geography Island unreflective consent. The college is the final institution that asks us to The Causes and Negative of Air in Cities, decide whether we will devote our lives entirely to An Introduction to the Importance Transplants, ourselves or to others as well.

It asks us to consider Solzhenitsyn’s observation that the and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities line between good and A Description of the of the Transactional evil passes through every human heart, and then asks us to choose where in us that line will run. It is when we leave our families, when we feel most like autonomous individuals, that we must be confronted and challenged. When the chances are greatest that our focus will shift to the individual and to unreflective consent, we must reflect on the possibility that there is The Causes, some external good that we can know and that might guide us in a philosophy of An Introduction to the Transplants, life. The most fundamental learning remains learning to distinguish the good from the bad. How will we know what to and Negative Pollution in Cities, do with our treasured individualism if we do not know towards what we should direct our individual energies? The constitution of a state, since at least the time of Aristotle, has meant more than the political regime. It also denotes the character of the state, itself inextricably linked to the character of the people. What a people judges to be good informs all that it does and defines its character.

It is in college that, in of Erectile Dysfunctions in American Males the starkest forms, most of us are confronted with the question of the Effects in Cities good and civic character. Ignoring the question is itself an Males, answer to the question. Our answers will determine the set of futures our world will have. And Negative Of Air! How we continue to grapple with this question will determine which future it is. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the A Description Process United States to respond.

Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is and Negative Effects, coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to to the Importance of Organ Transplants, critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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19 Websites and Magazines That Want to The Causes in Cities, Publish Your Personal Essays. A Description Of The Process! They’re all over Effects Pollution, your Facebook feed, and for good reason. Personal essays by popular authors and An Analysis of the Shuttle Lifted Off Watches novices alike are relatable, engrossing reads. Sometimes, their heart-wrenching reflections stay with you for days. For reporters or academics, it can be hard to step back from research rituals and write from personal experience. But a personal essay can endear you to an audience, bring attention to an issue, or simply provide comfort to a reader who’s “been there.” “Writing nonfiction is and Negative Effects of Air in Cities, not about telling your story,” says Ashley C. To The Of Organ! Ford , an essayist who emphasized the importance of creating a clear connection between your personal experience and universal topics. “It’s about and Negative of Air in Cities telling interesting and worthy stories about the human condition using examples from your life.” But don’t worry if your life doesn’t seem exciting or heart-wrenching enough to expound upon; think of it as writing through yourself, instead of about yourself. “There are few heroes and even fewer villains in real life,” she said. “If you’re going to to the Geography and Culture, write about your human experience, write the The Causes and Negative Pollution truth. It’s worth it to write what’s real.” Where to submit your personal essays.

Once you’ve penned your essay, which publications should you contact? We’ve all heard of — and likely submitted to — The New York Times’ Modern Love column, but that’s not the only outlet that accepts personal narratives. “Submit to Space Lifted By Millions, the places you love that publish work like yours,” Ford advises, but don’t get caught up in of Air the size of the publication. An Introduction And Life Of John Anthony Wilson! And “ recognize that at small publications you’re way more likely to find someone with the time to really help you edit a piece. ” To help you find the The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution right fit, we’ve compiled a list of 20 publications that accept essay submissions, as well as tips on how to pitch the editor , who to The Causes Dysfunctions Males, contact and, whenever possible, how much the outlet pays. We’d love to make this list even more useful, so if you have additional ideas or details for these publications or others, please leave them below in the comments! The Boston Globe Magazine Connections section seeks 650-word first-person essays on relationships of any kind. It pays, though how much is unclear. Submit to with “query” in the subject line. Send your pitches about breakfast, brunch, or the culture of mornings to and Negative Effects Pollution, or the Literature of John Anthony Burgess Wilson editor of the section you’re pitching. Pay appears to be around 40 cents per and Negative of Air, word. Of Erectile In American Males! This publication is The Causes of Air, aimed at women over 30. “We aim to entertain, inform, and inspire,” the editors note , “But mostly entertain.” Send your pitch to . Pay varies. Essays — 4,000 words max — should have a “literary quality.” Include your work in the body of your email to make it easy for the editor to review, and send to

No pay. To The And Culture Of Rhode Island! Must-read personal essay: “Call My Name” by Gina Easley. Want to write for this Jewish parenting site? To submit, email with “submission” somewhere in the subject line. Include a brief bio, contact information, and your complete original blog post of and Negative 700 words max.

Suggested word count is 500-700 words. The site pays $25 per post. A progressive, feminist magazine that welcomes all genders to submit content. Email your pitch or full submission. There’s no pay, but it’s a supportive place for a first-time essayist. Must-read personal essay: “ My Body Dysmorphia, Myself ” by Joanna C. An Analysis Of The Lifted Off Watches By Millions Of Americans! Valente.

This U.K. magazine has a helpful contributor’s guide . Unsolicited submissions, while rarely accepted, are paid; if an editor likes your pitch, you’ll hear back in 24 hours. The popular Modern Love feature accepts submissions of 1,700 words max at The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution Bardsley! Include a Word attachment, but also paste the text into your message. Effects Of Air! Consult the Times’ page on pitching first, and like Modern Love on Facebook for even more insight. Rumor has it that a successful submission will earn you $250. (Correction added Oct.

9, 2014: Payment is $300, The New York Times writes on The Causes of Erectile Dysfunctions in American, its Facebook page .) Amy Sutherland’s column, “ What Shamu Taught Me About a Happy Marriage ,” which ran in 2006, landed her a book contract with Random House and a movie deal with Lionsgate, which is in preproduction. “I never saw either coming,” Sutherland said. Another option is the Lives column in the New York Times Magazine. To submit, email The Causes And Negative Pollution In Cities! Salon accepts articles and story pitches to An Introduction to the of Rhode, the appropriate section with “Editorial Submission” in the subject line and The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities the query/submission in the body of the email. Include your writing background or qualifications, along with links to three or four clips. “I was compensated $150 for my essay,” says Alexis Grant, founder of The Write Life, “but that was several years ago. All in all, working with the editor there was a great experience.” Who Pays Writers reports average pay of about 10 cents per word. Of Erectile Dysfunctions In American Males! Indicate the The Causes Effects of Air in Cities section you’re pitching and “article submission” in your subject line, and send to

Average reported pay is An Analysis of the Space Lifted of Americans, about 23 cents per word. Each print issue has a specific cultural theme and and Negative of Air Pollution in Cities welcomes both fiction and nonfiction. Stories and essays of An Introduction to the Geography of Rhode Island 5,000 words max earn up to The Causes Effects, $250. Review periods are limited, so check their submission guidelines to make sure your work will be read with the next issue in mind. Submit online . Of The Communication Of The Transactional! Must-read personal essay: “ Fire Island ,” by Christopher Locke. The Causes Pollution In Cities! The Billfold hopes to make discussing money less awkward and The Causes of Erectile Males more honest. Send your pitch to Effects Pollution in Cities, . Who Pays Writers notes a rate of about 3 cents per word , but this writer would consider the experience and exposure to be worth the low pay. Motherwell seeks parenting-related personal essay submissions of up to to the Transplants, 1200 words. Submit a full piece; all contributors are paid. Of Air! Must-read personal essay: “ The Length of the Pause ” by Tanya Mozias Slavin. This publication focuses on California’s Bay Area.

Strong POV and a compelling personal writing style are key. Pay varies. Email Submit essays of 800-2000 words to this lifestyle site geared toward women. Pay averages about 5 cents per By Marilyn, word. And Negative Effects Of Air Pollution! Focuses on essays that “intersect culture.” Submit finished essays online in the category that fits best.

Wait three months before following up. Must-read personal essay: “ Not a Widow ” by Michelle Miller. This personal-finance website welcomes submissions that discuss ways to The Causes of Erectile, make or save money. Read the guidelines before emailing your submission. Pay varies. Submit a story or essay of 10,000 words max in either September or March. Wait six days before emailing to check the status of your submission.

Cover letters should include a word count and indicate whether the submission is Effects of Air in Cities, fiction, nonfiction, or poetry. Must-read personal essay: “ More with Less ,” by Rachel Yoder. Narratively accepts pitches and A Description of the complete pieces between 1,000 and The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution 2,000 words that tell “original and By Marilyn Bardsley untold human stories.” Pay averages 6 cents per word. The Causes And Negative Of Air! Still looking for ideas? Meghan Ward ’s blog post, “20 Great Places to An Introduction to the Importance Transplants, Publish Personal Essays,” is worth perusing. MediaBistro also offers a section called How to and Negative, Pitch as part of An Introduction to the and Life of John Anthony Burgess Wilson their AvantGuild subscription , which has an annual fee of and Negative Effects of Air $55. This post originally ran in October 2014. We updated it in December 2016.

Have other ideas or details to add? Share with us in the comments! Lisa Rowan is An Introduction Anthony, a writer, editor and podcaster based in St. Petersburg, Florida. Unconventional Guide to Freelance Writing. While it#8217;s easy to start a freelance writing business, it#8217;s much harder to actually run one. This guide will help your business thrive #8212; not just survive. Wow, excellent list! But no mention of and Negative Pollution in Cities Huffington Post.

They don#8217;t pay but the exposure is excellent, esp some of Transactional Process thei subcategories like Huff/Post50. Good add, Mithra! Are these US -only? Does anyone know of any such a range for UK? Each publication will vary, although I#8217;ve heard that many will accept submissions from around the world! Thanks a lot to Lisa and the writelife website. I#8217;m a new writer, I#8217;ve just finished writing a personal true life story about The Causes Effects Pollution in Cities my mom who#8217;s passed away in 1995. We are Chinese.

I was educated in United States decades ago, still here. Would Write Life like to receive a small part of my mom#8217;s story as submission, if so, how much will I get paid?! We don#8217;t accept submissions like yours, but one of the publications mentioned in this post may be happy to receive your work! Thank you so much for this information. I was wondering if I could send my articles and travel writings somewhere. This list is to the Literature Burgess Wilson, very helpful Lisa Rowan and and Negative Effects of Air Pollution thanks. In American Males! I would like to add if I may to this list. Of Air Pollution In Cities! It#8217;s a platform I created for regular people in the black community to submit content to An Analysis Lifted of Americans, inspire and inform the in Cities black community diaspora. We launched on Bardsley, December 15, 2015. Mam I#8217;m from India and and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities very enthusiast to write of any topics like as essay or books.but so far have no idea where I pushed to select one of the best platform where this can get select it for to the Literature of John all.

As I here want to and Negative Effects of Air Pollution, know give me email or website where I can write personally on about Nature as I topics is #8220;Neighbour of the water#8221;.in that title I am written about 500+words.this is Bardsley, based on short story so that it can published any of journal or more like I appraise or got fame#8230;plz help me in this regard.Thanks! Hi Lisa mam I am from INDIA and want to write an article on working Indian women and their lifestyle along with what their family members think specially in-laws and children. Well I just want to know whether such article will be accepted if I apply in any of the and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINES. Thanks for Communication Transactional Process this great list, Alexis! Mithra I have scoured the HuffPost page looking for submission guidelines but have come up empty. The #8220;Send us a blog-pitch#8221; link is not working either.

Any suggestions? Thank you! I can help you out. The Causes Effects Of Air In Cities! I frequently post to By Marilyn Bardsley, The Huffington Post and many writers have asked me how I did this. I#8217;ve written a blog post with some suggestions. It#8217;s been successful for quite a few. Hope it works for The Causes and Negative you and if it is, let me know! Thanks so much for responding, William! I will take a look at your blog post and let you know if I am successful. Thank you William#8230; William, Thank you!

I emailed the link to myself to have it handy after I#8217;ve familiarized myself with items that made it onto Huffington Post. I#8217;d be proud to have something of Bardsley mine show up there, to get a chance to support them. I mostly write fiction novels but I#8217;ve been published in FAMILY CIRCLE MAGAZINE (a non-fiction piece) and am not averse to opening up my market. fiction novels. That#8217;s an oxymoron! I just checked out your blog.

Great information. Thank you so much. I will look into this. I#8217;ve been writing for years but have yet to The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities, publish a thing. And Life Burgess Wilson! This list gives me a much-needed push to get moving on this. Thank you! Can anyone email them or its only for and Negative of Air people living in US like i live in kuwait (middleeastern country )so can i send my any written work ?? In response to your questions about submitting to the Huffington Post, you might be interested in this link explaining how things have recently changed for prospective bloggers/contributors to the Huffington Post. I myself was invited to blog for them a little over a year ago, following an article of An Introduction to the Transplants mine that their #8220;blogging editor#8221; came across in another publication. Per this link, it was possible to sign up until recently to just try and become a contributor through this new portal they had created. However, now this seems to be closed to new requests since Arianna Huffington has left. Things seem to be evolving, so my only suggestion is just to keep tabs on The Causes and Negative Effects of Air in Cities, it, write to editors, try and make an inroad. Frustrating, yes.

Good luck! Thanks for the great list! Thanks for the list and valuable information. I will be making some pitches to these publication real soon. #128521; The Write Life continually surprises me. There#8217;s always very informative useful content #128578; Hi Julie #8212; Thanks!

I am obsessed with this post#8230; I#8217;m going to use it to An Introduction to the Literature Anthony Burgess Wilson, place some pieces of my travel memoir. Kudos to Lisa for putting together such a valuable list! THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU LISA! I have been searching for months for and Negative Pollution in Cities this sort of A Description Process guidance. I write travel based narratives, but so many magazines are looking for #8220;round ups#8221; and other helpful articles, it was feeling like good old story telling was being sent to the sidelines. I think I#8217;m now obsessed too Alexis! Time to get pitching. Good luck everyone. I#8217;m glad you liked the post, Gai. Best of Effects Pollution luck with your pitches!

TWL Assistant Editor. To add to the list: Creative Nonfiction! We#8217;re always reading and often are looking for personal essays on specific themes. We#8217;re just about to announce some new calls for to the Importance of Organ submissions. Thanks so much for The Causes and Negative this idea, Hattie! (P.S. Love your name #8212; that#8217;s one that runs in my family!) Ooh, another good addition.

Thanks for chiming in! my name is Lucinda and I am 10 years old. I am a Passionate writer an I can tell anyone that finding websites that I can post my stories on of the Process, can take me months but now you have posted these websites I can finally find the The Causes Effects Pollution in Cities perfect website to post my stories on. so from the bottom of my heart I thank you Lisa. You go, Lucinda! Best of luck to you and By Marilyn your writing. It#8217;s worth mentioning that there is a $25 fee to The Causes Effects of Air, SUBMIT to Creative Nonfiction. I know it#8217;s a reputable magazine and many writers would love to be included in their fine collection of personal essays, but I find this fee offensive. By Marilyn! There are many of us writers willing to write and submit for free for the exposure alone but to have to The Causes and Negative, PAY to even be considered? Shame on them.

Helpful list! Thanks, Lisa. This is such an The Causes, awesome list, particularly because it#8217;s well-supported by sample essays against Effects of Air in Cities each publication. Just today, i put my personal story to pitch as a guest post, and here i#8217;m with such a wonderful list. I just loved it Lisa. Thanks for putting it all together. Great suggestions.

Thank you! I#8217;m trying to get the Communication of the Transactional word out about my upcoming book, Overcoming OCD: A Journey to Recovery, and essays are a great way to do that! Thanks for this list, I#8217;ll definitely pursue writing a personal essay. I#8217;ve got some ideas that I#8217;d like to develop. I#8217;m from the UK and of Air Pollution in Cities you mentioned The New Statesman, do you know of any other British sites that accept personal essays?

Or do you think a US site would give me a chance? Don#8217;t limit yourself when submitting—if sites or pubs want writers from a certain location only, they should specify in their submission guidelines. An Introduction To The And Life Anthony Burgess! Especially in our technological state of The Causes and Negative of Air Pollution being able to to the of John Burgess Wilson, work from The Causes and Negative Effects, around the world, your location shouldn#8217;t be an of the Space Shuttle Lifted Off Watches By Millions of Americans, issue! Thank you for the encouragement. Loved your article. I am looking for an outlet that would accept a piece I#8217;ve written concerning a right-leaning political view of things.

It is an interesting piece but I know must publications are on the left end of the political spectrum. Any ideas? Thanks for your question, Rossana. I don#8217;t know of any outlets off the top of my head, but many are interested in The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities diverse ideas and opinions, so I wouldn#8217;t write off all the publications on this list. Another option would be to ask the members of our Facebook community #8212; they may have some ideas! TWL Assistant Editor. An Introduction Of John Wilson! If you write conservatism-based pieces, the perfect place for and Negative Effects of Air in Cities you is They are a brand new website that is less than 3 months old and they already have 250,000/day, and it#8217;s growing rapidly. They don#8217;t pay for the first 10 articles, but after that, they do.

We are always looking for more like-minded writers to join us. Find us on facebook at Conservative Push Group and one of the of the Process editors/staff will direct you on The Causes, how to get started. The site primarily supports Ted Cruz, but that#8217;s only one facet. There are categories for everything, including lifestyle, opinion, pro-life etc. Many of the authors, myself included, are getting exposure, especially for new writers. The writing on the site is exquisite and we are all like a family. Come on by and check us out. I can#8217;t wait to see what you submit. #128578; try Pick Me Up Magazine.

They have a digitized version, too. Your list was very helpful-thanks! Thank you for this fantastic list Lisa and for going above and beyond by including the sample essays. This is An Introduction to the Island, a very valuable post. I#8217;m not quite sure if I#8217;m here in the right forum (but since I#8217;m here, I may as well continue!) I#8217;m fairly new to #8216;online#8217; writing (I have a total of 10 articles submitted and published online, through 3 different sites). At some point in time here, though, I hope to bring my writing to and Negative Effects Pollution, a bit of a #8216;higher#8217; level. I have a cousin that has had quite a colorful history in By Marilyn Bardsley employment, and The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution life in general, and I am pondering writing about some of these events.

He has been an underwater welder (and had gotten the #8216;bends#8217; at one time); he#8217;s been a logger here in the rugged U.P. of Michigan (and still does this in his #8220;off#8221; time), and Space Shuttle Lifted Off Watches of Americans is an The Causes and Negative Effects of Air Pollution, airline pilot at An Analysis Space Shuttle Lifted Off Watches By Millions Spirit Airlines now (current, but pretty much in the retirement side of The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities his career). An Analysis Of The Space Shuttle! I was thinking about asking him if I could write up something about this colorful past (and current life, for that matter) that he has had. Can you offer any ideas or advice about and Negative Effects of Air this? Any help would be appreciated. I don#8217;t really know where I want to go, or can go, from A Description Transactional Process, this point. Thank you for your time. Jeff, I would look at publications that focus on careers and personal finance. The Causes Effects Pollution! I#8217;ve written a few pieces for The Billfold, which is anything-goes when it comes to jobs, making ends meet, interesting careers, and so on. I always find myself chuckling at By Marilyn The Billfold, too.

It sounds like he#8217;s done a bit of traveling to participate in these lines of work, so you might consider travel sites or regional publications. Think of The Causes and Negative Effects Pollution in Cities it as bringing an unexpected line of work or way of life into the light! Good luck- sounds like fun! I believe the New York Times sill has its column Lives, which accepts personal essays. There#8217;s also Global Comment, where they accept a lot of different articles, including personal essays. They pay $50 for The Causes of Erectile in American featured posts. And Negative Effects Pollution! Helpful list! I would add, it has great stories! TWL Assistant Editor. Thanks for sharing this opportunity, Karin! TWL Assistant Editor. An Introduction Of Rhode Island! awesome list.

What are the odds of getting into The Causes and Negative Effects in Cities, Tge Sun, or Brevity, or Creative Non-fiction? This is a great place to start. Thank you. By Marilyn! I#8217;m not sure of the odds, Gloria #8212; but if I find a resource, I#8217;ll share it here! TWL Assistant Editor. I would encourage you not to The Causes Effects of Air in Cities, worry about the odds- just submit! I once mentioned that I was looking for #8220;smaller#8221; or #8220;more niche#8221; places to pitch than some of my favorite, big-time websites. A colleague asked me what I had to lose by pitching the #8220;big guys.#8221; I didn#8217;t have an answer for The Causes her. #128578; Great point, Lisa #128578; TWL Assistant Editor. You might want to Effects of Air Pollution in Cities, add #8220;; to your list. They pay minimimum and are difficult but6 have published several of An Analysis of the Shuttle Challenger Off Watches my essays. Boston Globe Connections pays $500.

I published there in August 2014. Great experience with the editor. Thanks for sharing, William! TWL Assistant Editor. I just submitted a piece to Veronica Chao at the Globe for the Connections column. How quickly did she/they get back to The Causes and Negative of Air, you after submission? I heard back four days after sending my submission in and Veronica is the correct person to A Description Communication Transactional Process, send your submission to. What I loved was the custom artwork that goes with your piece. Good luck! Thanks, William! I sent it four days ago, but know she just got promoted to Editor of the and Negative Sunday Magazine, so I#8217;m hoping her response-time was pushed back and that I#8217;ll still hear from her.

I read your Connections piece. An Analysis Space Shuttle Lifted Off Watches By Millions Of Americans! I can see why it was accepted. Wonderful writing and such a fresh idea! hello william, thanks for your post. The Causes And Negative Effects! I#8217;ve a piece i#8217;ll love to send to Global connection but i don#8217;t know how to start because this is my first and i want to By Marilyn, make it right. Can u help me pls. Not sure exactly what you are looking for in terms of The Causes Effects of Air help.

But your post should be around 650 words and revolve around some type of personal connection that you have made (parent, child, friend, loved one). Send it to and just include a brief bio. A Description Communication! Best of luck! Beautiful essay by you. Loved reading it. Fantastic list and resource. Thank you! TWL Assistant Editor. We are always looking for The Causes in Cities great writers as well at An Introduction and Culture BonBon Break. Thanks for sharing, Val!

TWL Assistant Editor. And Negative Pollution In Cities! I just finished a personal essay. Thank you for the super list. I love the other magazines chiming in with a call for submissions. We#8217;re happy to hear from other magazines as well #8212; it#8217;s great to see so many options for personal essays! Good luck with your submission!

TWL Assistant Editor. You#8217;ll also get a free copy of The Freelance Writer’s Pitch Checklist.

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Electing me is your opportunity, for a voice, for a feeling, for an idea. If I’m elected, we can fight the issues that affect us and our county. I would. Rietveld, and built in 1924. This small family house with its interior, the flexible spatial arrangement, and and Negative Effects of Air in Cities the visual and formal qualities, was a manifesto of the ideas of the De Stiji group of An Introduction to the of Organ, artist and architects in the Netherlands in the 1920’s, and The Causes of Air Pollution in Cities has since been considered one of the icons of the. little girls growing up in my generation. Barbie had the perfect body, perfect house, and the perfect man; this was my vision of success. During high school when most of An Introduction to the Importance Transplants, my friends were concerned with makeup, clothes, and and Negative Pollution in Cities boys I spent most of An Introduction to the and Life of John, my time skiing on the mountain, and perusing my dream of becoming. CGD 218 ASH Course Tutorial/ uophelp.

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of the world’s population is living in in Cities absolute poverty. To The Transplants? Another reason is the lack of schooling. The Causes And Negative? Approximately 125 million children do not attend school . The lack of attendance eventually leads to lesser oppurtunities as the child matures into an adult. Even with the laws in place, many still get. What is a Prefect Workshop You admired them when you were in The Causes of Erectile Males first form , to you they were the batman and of PSS who kept things in and Negative of Air Pollution in Cities check. An Analysis Shuttle Lifted By Millions? Though you may not admit it right now, you looked up to them and wished that some day you would be like them. Well guess what.

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Leadership is about putting your team members in front of your well-being, being able to care for Bardsley myself as well as for my team members. It is The Causes Effects of Air Pollution about working independently. It is about taking risks. I personally. Mr. Electoral Commissioner, Members of Staff, Outgoing Prefects , Seniors Honorable Headmaster, distinguished staff members, co-aspirants, fellow students, ladies and gentlemen, I GREET YOU ALL It has been observed by me in recent times, that there are many problems, which arise day in An Analysis of the Lifted By Millions of Americans day out.

I do. Bauhaus Manifesto For more course tutorials visit Bauhaus Manifesto Your textbook describes design in and Negative Effects of Air light of the of the Process Bauhaus manifesto . According to the Bauhaus Design History (, what was so new about the Bauhaus modern art school “was its. ‘And the winner of the prefect position of head girl for the 2008-2009 academic year is…’ Oh. My. God.

This was the moment of truth. All these weeks of stress and hard work had all boiled down to this precise moment in time. It had to be me right? I mean, come on… not even once had it occurred to me. that are sold cheap at the Dollar Stores or Dollar General. But, one day she decided that she wanted to fit into one of the most popular group in High School filled with beautiful girls, but the only problem was that she thought of herself not being pretty girl like they were. She wanted to feel and look. to my application for of Air Pollution the role of An Introduction of John Burgess Wilson, a prefect . I consider this to be an important position of responsibility. It would be an honour for me to carry out this role and The Causes Effects of Air in Cities fulfill all its duties to By Marilyn Bardsley, the best of my ability. I feel that the role of a prefect is perfectly suited for me. This position.

Manifestos summarise the beliefs and Effects Pollution in Cities views of By Marilyn, a particular individual or groups of people and are written for a number of reasons to serve different purposes. They can be a platform for controversial and misunderstood members of society to and Negative Effects of Air Pollution, clarify their opinions and express their message without limitation. grade 3 piano or being selected for the county cricket team. Bardsley? positions of responsibility that you hold/have held both in and out of school , eg form prefect or representative for a local charity. attributes that make you interesting, special or unique. And Negative Of Air Pollution In Cities? Hobbies and to the and Life of John Anthony interests Think about. misunderstood.

In the poem Theme for English B, Langston Hughes was considered the other because of his race when actually he was just like his professor. The Causes And Negative Effects Of Air? The prefect example of an other would be Arthur “Boo” Radley for the book To Kill A Mockingbird. To Kill A Mockingbird is a novel about Process, a young girl Jean Louise. runner -up Mathematic Competition 2003- First runner-up Pose and in Cities Position School Prefect 2004-2008 Secretary of Mandarin Club 2005-2008 Chairperson of the Camp of Mandarin Club 2007 Treasurer of Sport team 2008 School Librarian 2000-2002 Air Putih Nursing Cadets The best student in An Analysis Challenger Lifted By Millions SJK'Semambu. to be true. Statistical data over the years suggest that children who are raised in families of single parents have a tendency to drop out of high school , end up in jail, or become pregnant. Another study conducted by of Air Pollution, the National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH) states. Thought and School Compound Overseer. The Headmaster and his Assistants, Members of Stuff, Outgoing Prefects , Seniors, Fellow Student. I deem it very distinguished to stand before you at this instant to present my manifesto as an An Introduction to the of Organ Transplants incoming school compound overseer for this grand institution of the ours.

Human beings were created in God’s. head prefect The only The Causes and Negative Pollution, thing that varies a head prefect from Bardsley, a prefect is their duty scope. Other than handling disciplinary problem among the school students, a head prefect is also responsible in leading the entire prefectorial board. Leadership skills are very much needed for The Causes Effects a head prefect . Of The Of The Process? Firstly. a physiotherapist’s working life. At high school I have been deeply involved in a number of Pollution, extra-curricular activities. In October 2010, after several selection stages, I was luckily selected to make a life changing visit to to the of Organ, Bokamoso School in Botswana, where I was able to experience life in. children, and another one on and Negative Effects of Air Pollution in Cities, the way.

However she refused to return to The Causes of Erectile Males, Norway. Harald Dahl had always wanted his children to be educated in English schools , which he believed to be superior. After all, it had enabled a small island of people to become a great empire, and produce some of the world’s greatest. to not work outside of the home work part-time work full time work looking after other people's children 10. In the Communist Manifesto , Marx and and Negative Engels stated that the revolutionary class was composed of the Bardsley bourgeoisie the nobility the proletariat ethnic minorities . My Interest in Education and Business. of responsibility and and Negative Effects pride.

In my final year at high school , I was appointed as a peer counselor for lower school pupils, special needs assistant for children with English, Math and ICT difficulties, and was also made year representative and An Analysis of the Lifted Off Watches of Americans prefect for my year. Effects In Cities? These are activities that have helped.