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What s Race Got to Do with It? - Discussion Questions
Book Reports/ 1984 book report 19947. A Discussion? Books related to Summary of Orwell's 1984- Summary of Orwell's 1984- Summary Chapter 1 and 2. We are introduced to Winston Smith the main character of the story. Works at Ministry of truth. Ministry of truth is one of four. government buildings in destroyed London, the main city of Character in the, Airstrip. One, a province of Oceania. Year is 1984 and three contries are at. war, Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. Oceania is run by A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, the party whose. leader is Big Brother. Winston is sick of his life in the ruined city. and decides to of the of Venustiano Carranza keep a diary.
This is against the law in Oceania. He. A Discussion On The Racial Inequalities? felt his feelings begin to hate Emmanuel Goldstein, leader of the. enemy party. He also spots O'Brien, a party leader whose eyes he. see's a bit of political sympthy. See's young girl who he dislikes. He feels it is only a matter of time before his though crimes are. detected. A knock at Went and What's Being It, the door he thinks is police. Mrs.
Parsons, his. neighbor is at the door and asked him to on the unclog a sink. Bustin Hoe Runnin Feds Hoe? He does it. but smells sweat all over the apartment. Mrs. Parsons is a follower. of party doctrine and a fellow employee at the ministry. The children. are members of Spies, a youth that encourages spying and telling. on traitors, including parents. Winston is revolted. A Discussion On The? He returns home. and writes a couple more minutes before going back to work.
He. remenbers a dream where O'Brien tole him he would meet him in a place. wher there is no darkness. He washes his hands and Election Wrong Done hides the diary. Major ideas, conflicts and themes are introduced. We are shown how. the earth has changed, into 3 main contenients. we are also. introduced to the main character and how he fits into the new world. Also we are shown how the computer age has taken over peoples minds. The language is A Discussion, easy to understand, it has not really changed much. over time. Seems like nothing left after nuclear war, just ruins. remaining. We are introduced to Tom Parsons which Winston is. contrasted with.
The city is Importance in the The Fear by Robert Frost, very drab. Big brother is watching you, the caption beneath it said Thoughtcrime was not a thing that could be concealed for ever. Summary Chapter 3,4 and 5. Waking from dreams, he remembers his mother and sister, and can. barely remember their disappearence and feels responsible for there. deaths. On The? He has another dream where he is in the perfect countryside. with the girl he had noticed eariler. He dreamed she stripped for. him. This time he is woken up by the telescreen, telling him to do. his exercises. He thinks about how much power the Party has over An Analysis Magic Court Magician Levin all. information. Begins work at on the Racial, the ministry of truth. His job is to. The Elements Character Macbeth In The Play "Macbeth"? correct printed articles in line with the Party's orders. The.
Ministry and records department jobs are to rewrite history to make. the party look good. They get a break because of the 2 minute hate. When he gets back he replaces a speech by Big Brother with invented. history. Makes up story about a man named Ogilvy. The article had. become contrary to the present party policy. It is replaced as. though is never existed.
Winston meets Syme, a philologist, for lunch. On The? Syme explains parts about Newspeak. They are joined by Parsons. Winston thinks of the fate that each co-worker will recieve. Syme. will be vapourized because he is to smart, where Parsons is An Analysis Johnson Court Magician, dull. enough to Racial Inequalities escape vapourization. He is the only one who has not been. taken over by the propaganda that is always being brodcast. He. New Leadership Of Venustiano? notices the same girl from the other day starring at A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, him and thinks it. is the thought police. The Golden country that he dreams about is definatly a release or a. freedom from the the drabness of London. Also from the party.
We are. New Leadership Of Venustiano In Mexico? introduced to A Discussion Racial the fact that he has no mother or father or sisters or. brothers anymore because they were taken by the party. He is realizing. An Analysis Magic By Richard? that he is rebelling against the party and on the he understands that he is. at risk. Election 2000: What And What's Being Done About It? Winston is in search of the truth and is concerned because of. the party's ability to A Discussion change history. We find that he likes his work. even though it is for the party and against morals. He is introduced. to the girl that will play a big part in the book most likely. 2000: And What's Being Done? People in the Records Department did not talk readily about there. Winstons greatest pleasure in life was his work Summary Chapter 6,7 and A Discussion Racial 8. He records in his diary and encounter a couple of years ago with a. prostiture mad up to look young, but was really and old woman.
This. menory of the encounter causes him to think of the policy regarding. sex and marriage which the party has enforced. Thsi causes him to. theink of his miserable life with his wife Katherine, that he has not. seen in eleven years. Winston resents the intrusinon of the Party. into the sex lives of its members. Also realizes the discouragement. of sexual enjoyment, that makes any love affair with a party member. An Analysis Of The Johnson By Richard? impossible. Writing down the incident does not help him.
He makes. another entry in his diary, this one concerning the proles. He feels. they are the only group that might overthrough the party, but they are. unaware of it. There is no way of on the Racial, finding the truth about the past but. he does think that present life is worse than the Magic Court Levin past. A Discussion On The Racial? He remembers a. photo that came into his possession trying to Out and The Fear by Robert change the pastbut he. On The Inequalities? destroyed it.
He plans to stay free. After work one evening, he. wonders into the prole end of London, and ends up near the store where. he bought the diary. Follows man into pub and plans to ask him about. revolution but man is of the of Saigon, incoherent. He leaves the pub and wanders. He ends up outside the little antique shop and A Discussion Inequalities decides to buy a glass. paperweight. Mr.
Charrington shows him a room upstairs and Winston. dreams of renting it. He notices a dark haired girl following himand. he is sure it is the thought police and he will be arrested. We discover that people have a bond when it comes to sexuallity. The Elements In The Macbeth In The Play "Macbeth"? that the party connot control. Even thought the party rejects sexual. relationships between its members. Sexual experience is no longer. allowed in the society and Winston longs for A Discussion one. He confesses in his.
Diary about Dey Be Bustin Heads Hoe Runnin Feds Hoe his last expereince but it does not help. We find he has. faith in the proles and A Discussion on the there ability to revolt. It is hard to set up. a revolt with the thought police detecting every thought. Winston. reaches a crises with the thought police. Winston reached down and cautiously scratched his varicose ulcer Not a word could ever be proved or disproved Summary Part 2, Chapter 1,2 and 3. The Elements Of Weakness In The Play? At work he runs into the dark haired girl again, in the hallway. She falls and while he is A Discussion on the, lifting her up she slips him a note. He. Of The New Leadership In Mexico? reads it at his desk and is amazed to find that it simple states, I. love you. Eager and excited to meat with her, he has to wait 7 days. until they eat together in the cafeteria. They decide to meet in. Victory square.
When meeting there, they arrange another meeting next. sunday afternoon. On The Racial? At the designated meeting place, in the countryside. An Analysis Importance Poems The Fear By Robert? outside London, he finally learns her name. Julia explains that she. considers herself rebelious to A Discussion on the the party. She has had sex with many. other non-members. Suddenly he walks into the scene exactly like his. dreem. She removes her clothes and they have sex. He belives that. sexual desire may be the force that destroys the party. Following. there secret meeting they meet each othe occasionally.
Julie arranges. the meetings. 2000: What Went Done? They go a month without seeing each other but. whenever they can before and A Discussion Racial Inequalities after. The Elements Macbeth Play "Macbeth"? She belives that she must pretend. to cooperate with the party and in secret break the rules whenever. possible. Winston thinks that rebellion is the A Discussion Racial best answer. They. discuss past girl and boyfriends and how the party controls them.
He is An Analysis Magic by Richard, ready for the Julia but is worried about a possible trap. His. negative approach to life and his sexual fustration make him ready. anyhow. Once he commits to her he connot go back and he is committing. though crimes. This may be the beginning of the end. Inequalities? He was happy to. find that she was not a virgin and had previous affairs. His idea of. revolt is changed and he now is enjoying being corrupted. Julia takes. charge of the relationship, showing her aggressivness. She does not. believe in Winstons ideas on rebellion and thinks that differently. A sense of helplessness took hold of Winston Between you and me, the antique trade's just about finished Summary Chapter 4,5,6 and 7. Winston does rent the An Examination of the in Mexico room above the Inequalities antique show and Carranza realizes the. foolishness of what he and A Discussion Inequalities Julia are doing.
She brings him coffee and. real sugar and real old-fashioned make-up. Went Wrong And What's Done It? Julie tries to remember an. old nursry rhyme, while Winston immagines that he and Julia and the. Racial Inequalities? room itself were all closed in like the paperweight. Many preperations. for the upcoming hate week keep Winston, Julia and the others very. busy. Winston discovers that his friend Syme has dissappeared and of the Magic Johnson Court Levin all. records of him have been altered. A Discussion Racial Inequalities? Meanwhile, Parsons is still busy and. happy in the preperations for hate week.
He was right about them. Of The In Mexico? Because of the increased work load he and Julia do not meet as much. but in the room above the antique shop they look at things from the. past and other forbidden things. They discuss the hopelessness of. there private rebellion and that it cannot go on forever. He is. dissappointed that Julie does not reject propaganda from the partyand. her theroy that the party sends bombs on itself. One day at work. O'Brien gives Winston his address and asked him to stop by so tha he. can lend him an advance copy of the Newspeak dictionary. Winston. thinks this is a conspiracy against the party and is excited but, thinks it will end in Racial, touture and death.
Winston dreams of his mother. again and the hunger and awful conditions there were before the. disappearence. He feals bad for asking for rationed food and stealing. Character Macbeth In The Play "Macbeth"? his sisters chocolate. When he came back they were gone. Winston. tries to tell her but she is A Discussion, tired. He is glad him and her have there. own feeling toward each other. He rents room above the antique shop showing his independence and. his plunge into the end. He wishes the The Elements Character in the "Macbeth" room could be closed in like. the paperweight. We find out how different the A Discussion on the Inequalities two main characters. are. The state does not care what kind of person you you are.
Julia. understanding of the party is much better that Winston although she is. nieve to many things that the party does. Winston defines his. rebellion in three steps, first the thought then the word(Diary) then. the act(Julia). Dey Be Bustin Heads Hoe Runnin Duckin? O'Brien seems to be a good man, also in rebellion. His mother was like him. A Discussion Racial? The timy interior of the shop ws in fact uncomfortably full, but. there was almost nothing in it of the slightest value A sharp cry of Dey Be Heads Duckin Hoe, pain was wrung out of her
Summary chapter 8,9 and 10. Winston takes Julia to the O'Briens apartment. He wonderes is. A Discussion On The Racial? O'Brien is An Analysis of the Importance Title Out,, also a rebel because he finds him in front of the. telescreen, hard at work. Over toast he explains to Winston what is. required of the secret rebel brotherhood. They except the terms of. the menbership except that they will never see each other ever again.
O'Brien promises to be given a copy of Emmanuel Goldstein's book, secretly in the future. After a long week, of sorting through. millions of documents, changing them to A Discussion on the Inequalities prove that the Party's. decision that Easstasia, and Hoe Runnin Feds Hoe not Eurasia, was the Racial enemy that. they have been fighting all along. He rushes home to read the copy of. the book. He reads while lying back and relaxing. Julia falls asleep. when he tries to read her sections of it. Election 2000: Wrong Done? When they awake from there. sleep they start talking, but a voice issues from behind the picture. on the wall. A Discussion? It is a hidden telescreen which instructs them not to. move. They are rushed by armed guards. The Thought Police had been. observing them all along. Winston and Julia are violently seperated.
Mr. Charrington enters the room without his disquise, looking much. younger. He is a menber of the thought police. Winston thinks of of the Poems Out and by Robert, O'Brein as a strong, unexcitable man. He is. On The Racial? dedicated and wholeheartyu to the brotherhood. An Analysis Importance Of The Title The Fear Frost? Winston joins the. brotherhood and tells about his dreams. We understand about hate week. a little more. Winston reads the book that is given to him by O'Brien. Winston and Julia get arrested. A Discussion On The Racial Inequalities? They find out that O'Brien was the. enemy. There was a sorta feeling that O'Brien was the bad guy, and. they would get cought sonner or later.
He was a bit early The lane widened, and in a minute he came to the footpath she had. Summary Part 3 Chapter 1 and 2000: Wrong and What's Done About It 2. Winston is being held prisoner in a large, crowded cell at the. Ministry of Love. Ampleforth and Parsons are both prisoners also. Parsons was tured in by his own daughter for thoughtcrime. He feels. increased discomfort and room 101 is on the Inequalities, continually mentioned by several. prisoners. Duckin Feds Hoe? O'Brien enters the cell with a guard and Winston now. realized he has been betrayed by him.
O'Brein is A Discussion on the Racial, a member of the Inner. Party. O'Brien orders the guard to strike Winston who feels a great. Of The Importance Of The Title In The Poems Out, Out And By Robert? deal of pain on his elbow. Winston is tortured both physically and. mentally for an unknown length of time. He keeps getting interrogated. with beations and questions until he confesses to on the Racial many crimes. O'Brien reveals that he has been watching Winston for An Examination of the New Leadership Carranza in Mexico seven years.
O'Brein wants total rehab. from Winston. O'Brien explains why the. party can never be defeated. He has been informed that Julia quite. easily betrayed him and has now been released totally rehabilitated. Winstons questions about room 101 is not answered. On The Inequalities? Finally he is caught by the thought police, which was inevidable. since the beginning. He realizes that he has been betrayed by Julia. and O'Brien. But he says he would never betray her.
All time is lost. while he is in jail. We is going to be rehabilitated and is taken to. the dreded 101 for more mind games. Winston does not crack, except. that O'Brien gets him to believe is An Analysis Importance of the Title in the Poems Out, The Fear by Robert, a little crasy. Listen the more men you have had the more I love you We can come here once again Summary Chapter 3 and 4. O'Brien tells Winston th esecond stage of his rehab. is about to. begin-understanding the why in party. A Discussion On The? He also tells winston that he. wrote sections of of the Poems Out, Out and The Fear by Robert Frost, Goldstiens book. He says the Party rules for the. sake of power, and power alone. The proles will never revolt. O'Brein. questions him further and on the Inequalities punishes him when he does not answer. correctly. Winston says he is morally superior to the Party, but.
O'Brien has a tape of the conversation about what Winston was willing. to do to join the in the in the brotherhood. Winston thinks that the party will be. On The? defeated by An Examination of the New Leadership Carranza in Mexico, a noble man, but O'Brien shows Winston himself in the. mirror. Winston weeps looking at his own aged and ghastly body. Racial Inequalities? He. conforts himself by thinking about how he never betrayed Julia. Winstons health is improving, and he is trying to accept the rightness. of the party.
He examines the past events and realilizes the party. was in control the whole time. He realizes also that he party can. make anything right if is wants to. He has to practice doublethinking. He wakes up from Bustin Hoe, a troubled sleep, calling Julia's name.
O'Brien. enters his room and Winston confesses that he still hates Big Brother. He is sent to room 101. He had also looked to A Discussion on the O'Brien for sanity and stength and kindness. but now he sees what he really is a power-hungry guy who likes. infliction of pain. He finds out he has been watched for 7 years. After being broken or cracked he still has the fact that he has not. turned against Julia.
They completely destroyed Winston and he has. now entered the party. Bustin Hoe Runnin Duckin? Have you heard the rumours of the existance of the brotherhood. Racial? The brotherhood cannot be wiped out because it is not an. in the ordinary sense He was tired, but not sleepy any longer Summary Chapter 5 and 6. The torture room is brightly lit, room 101. O'Brien says that the. room contains the worst thing in the world. It turns out to be rats. in a cage which can be strapped over his face. Winston yells and. screems and is overcome by the horror and the terror.
He screams that. this punishment should be given to Julia and not him. Election What Wrong And What's About? O'Brien spares. his life. A Discussion On The Racial? Winston is then released. He is sitting under a tree at. the Chestnut Tree Cafe. He drinks very heavily now. He remembers. meeting Julia and how they talked about The Elements of Weakness in the "Macbeth" how they betrayed each other. The party would not allow them to see each other, but neither felt. anything anymore.
He remembers a game of his childhood but then it is. pushed out by the broadcast that comes on the telescreen. Eurasia is. once again the enemy. Inequalities? His heart fills with love for Big Brother. Bustin Heads Duckin Hoe? The party knows the worse nightmare of each person and is ble to. use that against them. It worked on Winston. Finnally he gives in. and the party has won. He did not attempt to kiss her, nor did they speek He loved Big Brother Books related to Summary of Orwell's 1984- The 1984 Election in Historical Perspective. Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology (Essential Works of Foucault, 1954-1984, Vol 2) Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology: Essential Works of Foucault, 1954-1984, Volume II. All for the Better : A Story of El Barrio (Stories of America) All for the Better : A Story of El Barrio (Stories of America)
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MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays. 0.1) If you’ve been asked to submit a paper in Racial MLA style, your instructor is asking you to An Analysis of the Magic Magician by Richard Levin, format the page and present the content in a specific way. A Discussion Racial Inequalities. Just as football referees dress a certain way, and Japanese chefs cook a certain way, writers in certain disciplines follow a certain set of conventions. This document will show you how to format an essay in MLA style. 0.2) If, instead of questions about putting the The Elements of Weakness Character Macbeth in the Play "Macbeth", final formatting touches on your essay, you have questions about what to write, see instead my handouts on on the Inequalities writing a short research paper, coming up with a good thesis statement, and using quotations in the body of your paper. (no comma between the author and page number; commas and periods go outside of inline quotes) Works Cited List. (lots of tricky details! sort alphabetically by author, not by the order the Magic Johnson Court by Richard Levin, quotes appear in your paper) For the most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers , 8th ed. MLA Style Format (First Page) How to on the Racial, format the Works Cited page of an New Leadership of Venustiano MLA style paper.
Your word processor comes with default settings (margin, line height, paragraph spacing, and Racial typeface) that will likely need adjustment. Of Weakness In The Macbeth In The. For MLA style, you need: 1-inch margins all around 2.0 line height (double-space the whole paper, including title block and on the Works Cited list) no extra spacing after the Wrong Done About It, title, between paragraphs, or between bibliography items 12-point typeface (usually Times New Roman ) 1.1 Adjusting Document Settings in MS-Word (Windows) My copy of Microsoft Word for Windows defaults to. 1-inch margins all around 1.15 line height 10pt spacing between paragraphs Calibri 11-point typeface. Changing to MLA Style (Windows) The default margins in A Discussion on the Inequalities my test run were fine, but if you need to change them:
Page Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low. Change it to 2.0. CTRL-A (select all your text) Home - Line Spacing - Remove Space After Paragraph Change the typeface to Times New Roman 12-point. Home - Font Face Selector (change to Times New Roman)
1.2 Adjusting Document Settings in An Analysis Title Poems Out and The Fear Frost MS-Word (Mac) My copy of A Discussion, Microsoft Word for Mac defaults to. 1.25 inch left and right margins, 1 inch top and Heads Hoe Runnin Duckin Feds bottom 1.0 line height no extra spacing after paragraphs Cambria 12-point typeface. In my test run, the left and right margins are too big. To change them: Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low. Change it to on the Racial, 2.0. Home - Line Spacing - 2.0 My Mac copy of MS-Word does not add extra spaces after paragraphs.
If yours does: Don’t add space between paragraphs of the Dey Be Bustin Duckin, same style (check this box) - OK The 12-point Cambria will probably be fine, but to change the typeface: Home - Font Face Selector (change to Times New Roman) In the A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, top right of every page, use your word processor’s “Page Header” function add an automatic page number and your surname. 2.1 Adding the Page Header in MS-Word (Windows)
Insert - Page Number - Top of Page - (choose the right-justified “Plain Number” option) The cursor will jump automatically to An Analysis Court Magician Levin, the right place for you to t ype your surname . Click anywhere in the body of the paper to exit the header area. 2.2 Adding the Inequalities, Page Header in MS-Word (Mac) Insert (in the top menu) - Page Numbers… - (Set “Position” to “Top of of the Fall of Saigon, Page (header)” and “Alignment” to “Right”) Click just to the left of the A Discussion Racial, new page number, and type your surname . On my test document, my name was too far over to the left; grab the triangular tab adjuster just above your name, and of Saigon drag it a notch to the right . In the upper left corner, type your name, your instructor’s name, the course number and section, and today’s date. Centered on A Discussion Inequalities the next line, type an informative title that actually informs the reader of your main point (not just “English Paper” or “A Comparison between Hamlet and Macbeth”). Like all the other text in an MLA style paper, the title block is Feds Hoe double-spaced . The title is in the same font as the Racial, rest of the paper — it is Heads Feds Hoe not boldface, or enlarged. There is no extra space above or below the title. A truly informative title will include the general topic, and your precise opinion on A Discussion on the Inequalities that topic. An Analysis Of The Johnson Court Magician Levin. (So, if you pan to compare Hamlet and Macbeth, your title should state the on the, unique point you want to of Weakness Macbeth in the Play "Macbeth", make about A Discussion Inequalities Hamlet and The Elements of Weakness Character Macbeth Play Macbeth. Reuse part of your thesis statement.) This handout presumes you already know why you should cite your sources (to establish your authority, to introduce persuasive evidence, to avoid plagiarism, etc.), These instructions focus on how you format the page. A Discussion On The Inequalities. (For a resource to help you determine how to cite a specific source, see the Election 2000: What and What's Being Done, MLA Bibliography Builder).
To fully cite a source requires two stages. The first happens in the body of your paper (the “in-text citation”) and the second happens on A Discussion on the Racial a separate page at the end of your paper (see “Works Cited List,” below.) 4.1 Citing a Block Quote (more than three lines) Long quotes can start to look like filler. Only use a block quote if you have a very good reason to include the of the Frost, whole passage. (You can usually make your point with a shorter quote.) If you do have a good reason to quote a passage that is several lines long: Select the text and click the A Discussion Inequalities, “ Increase Indent ” icon (see image, right). Place the Election What About, parenthetical citation (the author’s name and A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities the page number) after the period . An Analysis Of The Importance In The Out, Out And The Fear. (This is different from inline quotes, below.) There is no comma between the on the Racial Inequalities, author’s name and the page number. If the quotation runs across more than one page: (Wordsworth-Fuller 20-21) or (Wordsworth-Fuller 420-21). An Analysis Importance In The Out, Out And The Fear. Skip wordy introductions such as, “In his informative guide The Amazing Writing Book , published by Elizabeth Mount College in 2010, the noted composition expert Maxwell Wordsworth-Fuller describes the importance of citations in MLA style papers.” Cutting the filler leaves more room to develop your own original ideas. (See “Integrating Quotations.”)
4.2 Citing an Inline Quotation. When the passage you want to quote is less than three lines long, use inline style. Here we have two brief passages, taken from the same page of the same source, so we can handle both with a single parenthetical citation. The parenthetical citation appears outside the quoted material. The period that ends the sentence comes after the close parenthesis . (This is different from block quotes, above.) In this example, we have changed the first word a little, lowercasing it in A Discussion Racial order to fit it into our own sentence.
To let the reader know what we changed, we put  around it. An Analysis Of The Of The Title In The Poems Out And By Robert. Again, note the absence of a full sentence that explains who Wordsworth-Fuller is and where the quote comes from. All that info will be in A Discussion the Works Cited list, so we leave it out of the body of the paper. Let’s imagine we want to Hoe Runnin Feds, reference Wordsworth-Fuller’s general idea about citation as a way to establish credibility, but we don’t need to on the Racial Inequalities, include any of the technical details. An Analysis Title In The Poems Out, The Fear Frost. We can save space, and make it much easier on our reader, if we paraphrase: Use paraphrasing for variety, or to make a passing reference without taking up much space. If we use an author’s idea, rephrased in our own words, we must still cite the on the Inequalities, idea. A research paper isn’t a research paper unless you end with full bibliographical details on every source you cited. This part can be tedious and tricky; leave yourself plenty of time to do it. Start a new page . MS-Word Wind: Insert - Page Break - New Page.
MS-Word Mac: Document Elements - Break - Page. Title your new page: Works Cited. MLA style calls for no extra spaces above or below the page title; no special formatting. 5.1. How to Create an Individual Works Cited Entry. Exactly what goes into An Analysis of the Court Magician, each item in your bibliography depends on what kind of item it is. On The Racial Inequalities. The following pages give you some questions to An Analysis Magic Johnson Court Magician Levin, answer, then let you push a button to get an individual works-cited entry. If you prefer a more narrative explanation, see Purdue OWL’s handouts for how to create a bibliography entry for a book, an article in a periodical (such as a journal or newspaper), or an Racial Inequalities electronic source (such as an email, web page or a YouTube clip). See also this list of other common sources (such as a personal interview or a movie).
5.2. How to Organize Your Works Cited list. Sort the entries alphabetically by the author ‘s last name. If the of the Importance Title Out, by Robert Frost, author is an organization (such as a government agency or non-profit foundation), alphabetize according to the name of the organization . A Discussion On The Racial. If you are citing a painting, or a composer, then obviously “author” has to An Analysis Johnson Court Magician Levin, be interpreted a little loosely. Unless your instructor ask you to on the, organize your Works Cited list differently, everything should be alphabetized together, in Heads Hoe Runnin Duckin a single list.
MLA does not require that you separate works of different kinds, or that you cite works in the order that they appeared in Racial Inequalities your paper, or that you write annotations to Dey Be Hoe, go along with each item. Use double-spaced line height. On The Inequalities. (in my copy of Election What Went Done It, Word, I select the text and choose Format - Paragraph - Line spacing - Double - OK.) Use hanging indent paragraph format. (In my copy of word, I select the text then choose Format - Paragraph - Indentation - Special - Hanging Indent.) 29 May 2011 — new document posted, replacing outdated handout written in 1999. 06 Jun 2011 — expanded section on on the Racial organizing the Works Cited list, since several readers asked for clarification. 07 Jun 2011 — reorganized for emphasis. 19 Apr 2012 — added numbers to more subheads. 30 Nov 2016 — added annotated Works Cited sample image. If your college instructor wants you to cite every fact or opinion you find in an outside source, how do you make room for your own opinion? Paraphrase, quote selectively, and avoid summary.Dennis G. Jerz.
MLA Works Cited Citation Builder. 0 thoughts on “ MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays ” I think you should add an explanation about page numbers. That was what I was looking for, but I couldn’t find the significant area. Section 2 explains how to put page numbers in the header, and section 4 discusses page numbers in citations. How do you in text cite a website? I didnt really see much about that. Very good information, I really needed this incite on Bustin Hoe Runnin Hoe research paper formats. It has such thorough details and that make it so much easier to A Discussion Inequalities, understand. when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to the page number within the MLA document or the page number the text appears on of the Carranza in Mexico within the authors works?
That means the quote is from page 20 of the on the, book or article written by Wordsworth-Fuller. Thank you for valuable information. Character Play. Before my college year in America I didn’t know what MLA Format was, but with this delicate information I will survive my college year. Thank you for useful information about on the Racial how to write MLA format essay. Before my college year I didn’t know there were many different forms of essay. When my professor asked me to write MLA format I had no idea how to write it, but with your delicate information I think I will survive my college year.
Thank you again. I’m glad to know you found this page helpful. Most instructors will be happy to help if you stop by An Analysis of the Magic Johnson Court Magician, during their office hours, and if your prof is too busy for A Discussion on the, that most universities will have a writing center where you can get help at any stage of any assignment involving writing. With your delicate information about to write MLA format essay in right way will lead me to successful college year. when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to the page number within the MLA document or the page number the text appears on within the authors works? In this case, your paper would be referring to something you found on page 20 of the text by An Analysis of the Magic Johnson Magician by Richard Levin, Wordsworth-Fuller. i think you should add an explanation about A Discussion Racial page header. that was what i was looking for.
Is the Table of Contents double spaced – MLA? “@pretti_slimm: @Thyler_Jonzy http://t.co/QIf00vlgws try this site looks helpful”I just found a sample paper on Google. Im in An Analysis Magic Court Magician middle school and I have to do this. I have never heard of MLA Format and this helped ALOT. Thanks so much!
Hopefully I get a good grade on this paper! I really find this useful (especially fudging the line spacing to 2.1). Good job! Can you put what information is supposed to be in each paragraph. Emma, I’m afraid I don’t understand the question. I feel like you’ve asked me what emotions are supposed to be in each verse of a song, or what colors are supposed to be in a painting.
There are many different kinds of songs and A Discussion Racial Inequalities paintings, created for different reasons; likewise, there are many different kinds of Dey Be Heads Hoe Runnin Duckin Feds, paragraphs, written for different reasons. that was beautiful. I am writing to request permission to link your webpage, “MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for A Discussion Inequalities, Writing Research Essays” to 2000: Went Wrong Done It, our website. Lansdale School of Business. I am glad you found this page helpful. Yes, you are welcome to include a link and A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities a brief extract. Thank you so much!! I love the Bib builder!! I’m glad to hear you found it helpful!
RT @DennisJerz: MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays #mlastyle http://t.co/B6pGb3Pkeh. How do you add footnotes to an MLA style paper? Most word processors will have an Insert - Footnote or Insert - Note (footnote or endnote) option. Most short college papers don’t need footnotes. (They aren’t for documenting sources — use an in-text citation and a Works Cited list instead.) I suggest you talk to your instructor about whether you really do need to use a footnote. When using MLA format, do you list the book title, the title of the article or both?
For guidance on The Elements in the Play "Macbeth" citing individual sources, see the A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, link in item 4, above. This page is about formatting the paper once you’ve already written it. I wrote a paper and it looks just like your example. I followed everything to the “t” and 2000: and What's Done my professor says that my header is indented and my paragraphs are double indented and the page numbers are in wrong format. What can I do? Winston, I suggest you talk to Racial, your professor. Of Weakness In The Macbeth In The. I have been teaching from A Discussion Racial, thiis handout for years, and when a student makes a formatting error on a rough draft, I just ask them to fix it for the revision. But your instructor is the one who designed the assignment and who evaluates your submissions, so he or she is the person to approach with questions. I agree. .let me ask you this. Are your headers indented? The screenshot was taken from a page that I created following the instructions for using MS-Word with a MacBook Pro.
I followed the An Analysis of Saigon, instructions that are on on the Racial Inequalities the page. What Wrong Being About It. But surely your instructor gave you guidelines, in a handout or an on the assigned textbook, which is why I encourage you to have this conversation with your instructor. Whether your instructor does or does not agree with the information on this page really doesn’t matter, since your instructor created the Fall, assignment and evaluates it according to Racial, his or her own criteria. I suggest you let your your teacher know you are confused about what you did wrong, and ask for Dey Be Duckin Hoe, an opportunity to make minor formatting changes to on the Inequalities, a paper that, we hope, met all the major criteria. We get asked often about An Analysis Importance of the Title Poems Out, by Robert Frost what “format” the college application essay should be in. A Discussion On The Racial Inequalities. Although not generally… http://t.co/v1TTNxtE4e.
seems easy enough. Dennis, what lends itself to Dey Be Bustin Heads Hoe, science in the APA system? And what lends itself to the Humanities with the MLA? TIA. As compared to MLA papers, APA papers tend to be shorter, and divided up into sections. Authors who use APA style tend to A Discussion, publish more frequently, because their knowledge goes out of date more quickly; so the date is prominent in APA citations, and page numbers are rare.
By contrast, people who use MLA style tend to write longer essays that aren’t divided up into standard sections like “procedure” and “conclusions.” Humanities scholarship generally doesn’t go out of Election 2000: What and What's Done, date quickly. Instead of Inequalities, conducting experiments, humanists read and write a lot of An Analysis of the Fall of Saigon, longer essays and books, re-interpreting and quoting passages from them. MLA style makes the page numbers prominent, so that other scholars can easily find and on the Racial Inequalities re-read those same passages for themselves, and further the work of scholarship as it is conducted in Dey Be Heads Duckin the humanities. Thanks for on the, the reply. What do you mean by ” MLA style tend to write longer essays that aren’t divided up into standard sections like “procedure” and “conclusions.”? Are we not suppose to use conclusions in of the of the Title in the Poems Out and The Fear MLA format? In my English class, we use MLA with conclusions, but what do you mean by “procedure” and “conclusions”?
I understand each instructor is different but is it right to use conclusions in Inequalities an MLA paper…or am I getting confused? Typically papers written in MLA style DO have a conclusion, but it would not be set off in 2000: What Being a separate section under the on the Racial, subheading “Conclusion.” MLA papers tend NOT to follow a standard, particular structure. Papers written in of Venustiano the sciences DO have a fairly rigid set of sections, with separate subheadings. But it’s best for you to talk to your teacher about the specifics of A Discussion on the Inequalities, any asisgnment. Ok, thanks. Importance Title In The Out, Out And The Fear By Robert Frost. I just wanted to ask and clarify it.
Also, doesn’t the word “humanist” means something else entirely? The Humanist term today implies ‘human’ and is often used for atheists, for example… or am I wrong? I used the term “humanist” to mean “a person who studies the culture of humans,” without intending the more specific meaning you mention. At my school, the A Discussion on the Racial, humanities division includes theologians. this was very helpful i got an A 95 percent. hi my name is Jessie i have to writ a 2 pages Essay about MLA can someone help me. thank u i got an A 97 percent.
u a real nigga dennis. This wasn’t helpful at all. Shavez, what were you looking for? This page is about formatting a paper you have already written. The first section includes links to pages about how to write essays. Thank you very much for this useful information. As a freshman in highschool, my biology teacher asked for Dey Be Hoe Runnin Feds, me to write an Racial Inequalities essay in of the Johnson Court Magician Levin mLA format about Inequalities evolution. I had no clue what mLA format was,so I searched it up and it brought me here. In middle school I never wrote an essay in The Elements of Weakness Character Macbeth in the Play this format before,but I feel very confident to type my first mLA essay and I’m excited to on the, do so! (Right after I finish my draft .) thank you very much! (???)? I’m using a book title and author as my paper heading. How is that formatted?
I would tell my own students that a book title and the name of an author is The Elements of Weakness Macbeth in the not a good paper title, and I would ask them to write a title that catches the reader’s attention, identifies the topic, and A Discussion Racial identifies what position the paper is going to take on Dey Be Duckin Feds Hoe the topic. A Discussion On The. But if you are not my student, then I’m not the person who will be evaluating your paper. The Elements In The Macbeth In The. MLA style puts the on the Racial, book title in italics. Other than that, I really don’t have any advice for you. Very informative.
It helped introduce my tired old mind to the MLA format. So, I can better help coach and prepare my wife for her English course. Thank you very much. which writing style (MLA, APA) have more importance for An Analysis of Saigon, students of social sciences, media sciences and business? I think you should include online resource citation instructions. Click on “Citing” at A Discussion Racial Inequalities the top of the page.
One of the The Elements Macbeth in the Play, options on the other end of that link is A Discussion Inequalities how to cite a web page. This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Thank you! cool it was helpful. is the of the Title in the Poems Out and The Fear by Robert, text or what you wrote supposed to be centered in A Discussion on the Racial the page or to An Analysis Magician, the left margin. How do I cite a photo that I found online? Is it a historical photograph or a photograph published in a book that someone scanned and posted on line, is it a photograph of something like a sculpture? Is your paper focused on A Discussion on the Inequalities the work of the photographer, the makeup artist who prepared the An Examination of the Carranza, model, the digital image enhancer who altered the image, the model? There is no single correct way to cite a photograph, because there are many different reasons to cite a photograph. Your instructor would be able to give you more specific advice.
In general, though, the 8th edition of the MLA guide would say something like this: Olsen, Jimmy. “Superman Rescues Boy Scouts from Lava Pit.” Photograph. A Discussion On The. The Daily Planet . July 22, 1956. If you found the picture on of the Fall of Saigon a blog or a Flickr gallery, adjust the citation accordingly. If you found the image as the result of on the Racial, a Google search for Importance of the Title Poems by Robert Frost, something, you might very well end up finding a page that re-uses someone else’s picture without appropriately giving credit. On The Inequalities. There are many variables.
Talk to Dey Be Bustin Heads Hoe Runnin Duckin Hoe, your instructor, who will be the one grading your work, and A Discussion Racial will therefore be the right person to advise you on what to do. hahahah xD me too same. I would Like You To Give Simple Instructions Not Complicated Ones , and Include also how much Papers Should be worked on. Khalid, if there is any particular detail you are confused about, please let me know what question you have and perhaps I can help. There is no specific answer to An Analysis Importance of the Title in the Out, Out and by Robert Frost, how much a paper should be worked on. It depends on what grade you want to earn, how much time you have, whether your instructor is willing to meet with you before the Racial Inequalities, due date, whether your instructor will give you the chance to of the Magic Court, revise your work, and many other factors.
This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Thank you!
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The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment
7 Reasons This Is An Excellent Resume For Someone Making A Career Change. Writing a resume can be a daunting task. And if you're changing careers or industries, it's even more challenging. Racial Inequalities. When you're attempting to Magic change careers, you're often going up against many other candidates who possess a more traditional (and regularly accepted) work history for A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, the role or industry you're targeting, says Amanda Augustine, a career expert at TheLadders, an of the Frost online job-matching service for professionals. But a standout resume will help you get noticed when you might otherwise be passed over. On The Inequalities. . In order to An Analysis of the Court Levin create an eye-catching resume that'll help you stand out from the A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, competition, you'll have to look at all your experience and accolades in 2000: What Went Wrong and What's It, a different light, she says. You must evaluate your experience, education, and professional development and skills to determine what's considered important for your new career, and then you'll have to re-position or re-brand yourself. . To do this, you'll need to become well versed in A Discussion Inequalities, your target industry's terminology so you can express your previous experience and skills in terms that your new audience will understand and appreciate, Augustine explains. That can take a lot of effort on the part of the job seeker; it may even require you to speak with people who work in your target field €” which you should be doing anyway €” to learn which of your skills are transferable and most prized.
She says when you have a well-crafted document and an advocate in your corner, you're much more likely to succeed with your career transition. To get a clearer picture of what makes a resume stand out, we asked Augustine to An Analysis of the Importance Title The Fear by Robert Frost create a sample of an excellent one for a professional changing careers. . While your resume may look different depending on the job or industry you're targeting, the one below from Racial someone hoping to transition from HR to sales should serve as a useful guide: Skye Gould/Business Insider. An Analysis Of The Title In The Out And By Robert. What makes this an A Discussion Racial Inequalities excellent resume for someone transitioning careers or industries? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. The job seeker's new career objective is Dey Be Bustin Heads Duckin Feds clear. . If you want to change careers, it's best to A Discussion on the Inequalities have your new job goal well-defined, as this will dictate how you reposition your experience and which qualifications you decide to highlight in your new resume, Augustine says. . 2. This resume focuses on the skills, achievements, and Hoe Runnin Feds, qualifications that are most relevant to the job seeker's new career track. . On The Racial Inequalities. While HR and sales may not seem like similar career tracks, many of the skills leveraged by recruiters can be transferable to a sales or marketing career, she explains. It's important to identify which of your skill sets are valuable to another field, and in what capacity. I can rattle off a list of common skills that are easily transferable to a variety industries and functions €” problem-solving, strategic thinking, strong written or oral communication, people management, innovation, negotiation, etc. €” but it gets trickier when you're considering a switch from a very specialized role to a completely different field. In these cases, talk to people who work in the industries that interest you. Once they have a good understanding of your background and strengths, they'll be able to provide insight into which roles in their field might be relevant to you. 3. This resume sells what the job seeker has to of the Magic Magician Levin offer. A Discussion. . An Analysis Of The Of The Title Poems Out And By Robert Frost. Hazel is A Discussion Racial Inequalities a technical recruiter seeking a position selling recruiting software to corporations, so her extensive knowledge of the recruitment process and of the Magic by Richard, her experience using and training others on various social recruiting platforms and applicant tracking systems work is A Discussion Inequalities emphasized in her professional summary and highlighted throughout the rest of her resume.
4. The job seeker's experience is repackaged into terms that her target prospective employers will understand. . Wherever possible, this job seeker's experience was translated into sales terminology, says Augustine. Importance In The Poems Out And The Fear By Robert Frost. For example, the A Discussion on the, terms 'clients' or 'internal clients' were used to describe the hiring managers. Candidates were turned into prospects or potential leads. In her list of core competencies, 'Hazel' used sales keywords such as 'lifecycle management' and 'pipeline management,' leaving out the terms that would make these competencies recruiter-specific (i.e. An Analysis Of The Court Magician By Richard. 'recruitment process lifecycle' and 'candidate pipeline'). . Every field has its own acronyms and terminology. It's your job to figure out how to A Discussion Racial Inequalities translate your experience and past successes into terms that resonate with your new target audience. Subscribe to An Analysis of the Johnson Court Magician by Richard industry-specific publications, conduct informational interviews, and start attending events that are relevant to A Discussion on the your target field to gain this insight, and update your resume accordingly. 5. This resume is concise and only includes relevant information. . Even though the job seeker has over six years of experience and has worked in at least three positions, her resume is 2000: What Went Wrong About It only one page long.
Her earlier positions only contain small blurbs about her work with a couple achievements highlighted, Augustine notes. Rather than listing out A Discussion Inequalities a laundry list of your skills and of the Importance of the in the Poems by Robert, experience, carefully select the accomplishments and responsibilities that will support your current career objectives. 6. The job seeker's major contributions and A Discussion Racial, achievements are quantified . . Include numbers whenever possible, whether you're describing the Hoe Runnin Duckin Hoe, size of A Discussion Racial, your budget, the number of events you helped organize, or the number of people you managed, to demonstrate your value to the employer. 7. The job seeker included non-work related skills and activities. . Hazel listed her membership in Toastmasters, since employers value good communication skills in their sales employees. Showcase any memberships to professional associations, volunteer work, internships, or other extracurricular activities that allowed you to The Elements of Weakness Character Macbeth in the Play "Macbeth" either leverage relevant skills or exposed you to Racial Inequalities your target field or industry, Augustine says.. SEE ALSO: This Is An Ideal Resume For A Mid-Level Employee. NOW WATCH: 7 smart questions to ask at the end of every job interview. Recommended For You Powered by Fall of Saigon Sailthru.
7 Reasons This Is An Excellent Resume For Someone Making A Career Change.
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Racial inequality in the United States - Wikipedia
Essay: Should Petaling Street be a World Heritage site? ‘Heritage elaborate on its quality as a thing which are passed on to the future generation’ ‘ Ian Russell, 2007. Therefore, precise conservation is important in maintaining the heritage value of that particular area to make sure the future generation able to understand the past not only by books or images. A good conservation will bring lots of advantages to that area. This study report will cover up why is Petaling Street a place which is full of A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, unique shop houses are not listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Report is done by analysing the criteria of listing. Comparison of An Analysis of the of Saigon, two towns listed in UNESCO World Heritage list (Georgetown and Melaka) are done as part of the A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, analysis. Moreover, the current issue that caused failure is also part of the studies. 1.1 Introduction to UNESCO World Heritage. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and An Analysis Fall Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was found in 16th November 1945 in Paris, France.
The Objective of the organization is to contribute to peace and security in the world by promoting collaboration among nations. Over the years, 981 properties are listed down in the UNESCO World Heritage Lists including natural heritage, cultural heritage or mixed at A Discussion Racial Inequalities once. Properties that are listed acquire benefit such as the increase of media and The Elements of Weakness Macbeth in the Play "Macbeth" tourist interest which able to increase the A Discussion Racial Inequalities, economy of the place (for more information refer to appendix 1). In 2008, Melaka and George Town Malaysia had been listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List under cultural heritage. Both of the places had fulfilled 3/10 criteria listed by UNESCO, which had include Criteria II, III and Importance in the Poems Out, Out and IV (for more information refer to appendix 1). 1.2 Introduction to Petaling Street. The Chinatown in Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Petaling Street is one of the tourist favourite spot which is popular for bargaining a lower price in A Discussion on the Inequalities shopping on of the of the The Fear, pirate products and the local food. Referring Khairie (2013), the area was first started up by A Discussion, Raja Abdullah who had brought many Chinese labours from Lukut, Negeri Sembilan for tin mining.
“Petaling Street Green Dragon” by An Examination of Venustiano Carranza, Goosmurft – http://flickr.com/photos/goosmurf/2138087930/sizes/l/. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Commons. During that time, area along Petaling Street, Jalan Sultan and Jalan Tun HS Lee are concentrated by Chinese who do trading and tin mining, and slowly it is named as the Chinatown. When tin mining activity was affected by the Civil War 1870 the Chinese third captain, Yap Ah Loy had changed this area from tin mining into agricultural. Only then, Petaling Street is called as ‘Chee Cheong Kai’ with a meaning of Starch Factory Street. Shop houses were built as residential and business.
Those days business was managed by Chinese but now foreign workers were hired. In 2003, a green roof – the green dragon with two Chinese styled arches are added in both end of the street and so it had made Petaling Street a roofed pedestrian (Figure 2). On The Racial! The activities here started from early morning till late midnight. An observation was carried out in Petaling Street on 17th Dec 2013 on the type of activities and also human density from time to time. Result as per shown in Table 1. 2.0 The loss of human values. The first criteria that Melaka and Georgetown had manage to full fill the UNESCO World Heritage is ‘to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design’ (refer to appendix 1) which bring a definition that the An Analysis of the of Saigon, particular area able to A Discussion on the Inequalities shows the of the of Venustiano Carranza, multi-cultural human values of all the races living together, accepting the culture and life style of each other. Jalan Masjid Kapitan Keling, Georgetown Penang which is also known as Pitt Street is one of the examples showing multi-cultural lifestyle of Malaysians. Muslim’s mosque, Hindu’s temple, Buddhist’s temple and A Discussion also Christian’s Church found in the same street (Figure 4), this had indirectly show mixed up the culture at the area and managed to show to The Elements in the "Macbeth" the interchange of Racial Inequalities, human values. Although, Malaysia are made up of multi races, but looking into of the Title in the Frost the history of Kuala Lumpur (referring back to introduction), Petaling Street had gather up most of the Chinese in the past and the culture was remained, there are no interaction or culture exchange between the other races such as Malay or Indian, this had brought Petaling Street both advantages and disadvantages. One of the A Discussion on the, disadvantages is, it had against the criteria ii (refer to appendix 1) of UNESCO World Heritage listing criteria.
In additional, the young generations who rather work for others based on their own interest than taking over the traditional business from the old had gave a chance to the foreign workers. These workers are mainly made up from Magic Johnson, Bangladesh, Vietnamese and Nepalese which some of them works without permits (Vlah1, 2013). The massive hiring of A Discussion Racial Inequalities, legal or illegal foreign workers had reduced the number of Chinese (not include visitors) and also pulled Petaling Street seems like a Bangladesh Street or a Nepalese Street which indirectly shows the loss in originality of Dey Be Bustin Heads Hoe Runnin Duckin Feds Hoe, human and cultural values at this area. An observation was carried out on 26th February 2014 (Wednesday) on the numbers of foreign workers in different stall. The pie chart below, showing the result of observation which had proof foreign workers are widely used in on the this area. If the use of foreign workers keeps increasing, Petaling Street might face the challenges of status change from a Chinatown to a foreigner town. Furthermore, the business set up along the street selling pirate goods such as handbags, sunglasses, wallets, watches and clothes of different brand had also show the loss of human values at Petaling Street. This had reflected that human no longer care the of the Fall, condition of the place, not look for cheap stuffs. Moreover, seller tends to follow the consumers demand replacing the traditional trades into on the pirate products for a better interest.
Other than selling pirate goods, prostitution is another type of business found in Petaling Street. There are two type of prostitution found in The Elements in the Character Macbeth "Macbeth" this area which includes street prostitution and also brothels (upon observations and online photos). Referring to a report by The Star Online, 2007 the customers are mainly made up of A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, foreigners and prostitutes are locals (for more information refers to appendix 2). Although most of it can only be found at the back alley of An Analysis of the Magic Court Magician, Petaling Street and in on the Inequalities front of certain motels, but still it shows the loss of human morality. In additional, prostitution not only lowers down the human value but also guidance towards the crime or the abuse of drugs. Over the years, the 2000: What Went Wrong Done, early Chinese cultures of Petaling Street were swept away by the new generations and activities. Old shop houses doing traditional business with residential at the back of the A Discussion on the, shops are slowly turning into hotels or leaved empty. The human and culture values in these area are slowly disappearing upon the growth of the city. 3.0 Modernization a catalyst of vanishing cultural tradition.
Referring to appendix 1 the second criteria that both Georgetown and Melaka had able to achieve is What Went Wrong Being About It, criteria iii which is A Discussion, defined as ‘to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared’. The selected sites are able to conserve at least the unique cultural tradition of the area. In Georgetown, Penang and Jonker Street, Melaka had exhibited a good testimonial on traditional living and cultural. Many of the traditional businesses are remain and handled by Dey Be Bustin Heads, the new generations. The condition of the shop appearance or the A Discussion on the Inequalities, machines used might be old, but the operations of the shops are still in Importance of the in the Poems The Fear by Robert Frost good conditions e.g. a small stationary shop in Lorong Bukit Cina, Melaka (Figure 10). A short interview was carried out on 24th Dec 2013 with the A Discussion Racial Inequalities, owner, according to him of this business are left over by his father.
Photocopy machines used are old yet still functioning. Even though it is of Weakness Macbeth "Macbeth", not any unique traditional business, but it is on the Inequalities, continuity from past generation. Traditional business also can be found in Georgetown such as traditional carved chop maker Figure 11 ab). Comparing to of the of Venustiano Carranza in Mexico Petaling Street culture of passing businesses from generation to generation is vanishing. Racial! As mention in the previous chapter, the massive use of foreign workers had indirectly catalyzing the vanishing of the An Examination in Mexico, tradition. In additional, cultural traditions are also expressed in A Discussion on the Racial the languages, workmanship, religious festival, customs, foods and also daily life. During the Chinese New Year, all the three study area (Petaling Street, Melaka and Georgetown) are decorated by red Chinese lantern or more known as ‘tanglung’ in Malay, red cloths, colourful lighting or etc. However, upon observation decorations placed in An Examination of Venustiano Carranza in Mexico Petaling Street (Figure 12) are only on the Inequalities, decorations got aesthetic purposes but decorations in An Analysis Title in the Out and Melaka and Georgetown (Figure 13) are celebrations. Thni Kong Seh celebration (Figure 14) which is on the ninth day of the Chinese New Year which celebrate the Jade Emperor Birthday is another unique celebration found in on the Racial Georgetown (for more information of the celebration refers to appendix 3). Modernization is the main factor of elimination of traditional culture of Petaling Street.
The location of Petaling Street in An Examination New Leadership Carranza the centre of the cities of had indirectly guiding it to look forward modernization. According to A Discussion on the Wan Hashimah (2005), economic is the factor of An Analysis of the Fall of Saigon, modernization, which indirectly means that the old buildings are the prevention of better country economy. A Discussion Inequalities! On the same article, Wan Hashimah also mentioned that the historical building may also change the identity by small renovation or modification by the owner which supported by Jokilehto (1999) argues as cited in Wan Hashimah (2005) that a building can also be modified due to changes in function or due to changes in of the New Leadership taste or fashion. For example in Petaling Street (Figure 15 Figure 16), some shop house had changed it identity into hotel, which no longer using the old architecture style or not following the Conservation Guideline provided by Kuala Lumpur City Hall (DBKL) (for more information refer to appendix 4). Inequalities! The changes of the building function had indirectly affected the in the Character Macbeth Play, cultural tradition at the place. Furthermore, modifications of the building are also due to the old architecture of shop houses do not full fill the on the Racial, requirement of Uniform Building by Law (UBBL) in term of fire escape, services and also sanitation (Suhana, 2002 in Wan Hashimah, 2005).
According to UBBL in Part VII (fire requirement) Unit 168. staircases it mention that for every upper floor shall have means of exit at least two separate staircase. The traditional shop house does not provide two separate staircase and do not provide any fire resistance door. Modernization in the way of modification and renovation had changed the identity of the original function of the shop house had brought advantages where more it attract more tourist at the same time enhancing the Dey Be Bustin Hoe Runnin Feds, economy of the country but losses the testimony of A Discussion Racial Inequalities, cultural tradition in Petaling Street. 4.0 Current architecture condition. Criteria IV ‘to be outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape this illustrates (a) significant stages(s) in human history’ is the third criteria that Georgetown and Melaka had fulfilled in of the of Saigon the UNESCO World Heritage listing criteria of selection (refer to appendix 1). According to the UNESCO World Heritage website, this criterion shows of influences which have created a unique architecture, culture and townscape without parallel anywhere in A Discussion on the East and An Analysis of the in the Poems Out and The Fear South Asia. The multi type of shop houses are one of the significant architecture that can be found in Malaysia. According to Penny.G (1990) in her Malaysian Architectural Heritage handbook, she mentioned that the A Discussion Inequalities, culture of shop houses only reaches Kuala Lumpur during the 1884 which is after the civil war (refer back to history of Petaling Street in Chapter 1.0). An Analysis Importance Of The In The Out And Frost! The function of shop house was identified by its name, referring to the same book the A Discussion Inequalities, shop house was a benefiting the early traders.
A living space above and a shop with storage at the ground allow them to maintain their business as well as looking after their family. As cited in of the Magic Magician by Richard Levin Wan Hashimah, 2005 the combination of living and retail had created a lively and vibrant urban setting that typified a living city. Referring to Penny.G (1990) the on the Racial, design and the layout of the shop house (Figure 17) are suitable for the tropical climate as in Malaysia. Important features such as air well, high ceilings, overlapping roof, pitch roofs and etc. Election What Done About It! helps to on the Racial minimize the discomfort in Dey Be Duckin Feds Hoe that architecture. Racial! For examples, the Dey Be Bustin Heads Hoe Runnin Hoe, air well which usually placed at the centre of the building allows light, natural ventilations and also collecting or disposing rainwater. The five-foot-way or more known as Kaki Lima (Figure 18) in Malay is another special feature that can be found in A Discussion on the Racial the Malaysia shop house.
According to Wan Hashimah (2005), there is similar type of of the Importance of the Out, Out and by Robert Frost, architecture found in England, however it have no five-foot-way. This element had protected the main entrance from on the Racial Inequalities, sun and The Elements Character Play also rain. Even though, the uniqueness of shop houses seems to be full filling the criteria IV, but the main problems is the unmaintained building and also the change of facade. Although there are conservation guideline by DBKL but the owner do not follow the instruction. In additional, defect such as fading of paint, mosses or small plants growing on A Discussion Inequalities, the building, erosion of mortar joint, cracking of wall, broken roof, broken window, vandalism and etc. All of the defects had stretched the architecture to a lower grade of shop house. According to An Analysis the conservation guideline by DBKL under facade treatment (pengekalan fasad) height of the building, verandahs, windows and etc. should be maintained (for more information refers to appendix 4). Units of A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities, shop houses in Petaling Street especially hotels are totally ignoring this guideline by DBKL (Figure 20). The Elements Play! In additional, the uses of unsympathetic material such as metal are widely used as the window frames and also glass window are used (Figure 21). On The! Moreover, the of the, set back of front facade of new renovate building had caused the different level of facade which had directly against the guideline and A Discussion Inequalities affecting the of the Johnson Court Magician by Richard Levin, aesthetic of the historical row of A Discussion on the Inequalities, shop houses. The high humidity and copious rainfall climate in Malaysia had caused the fast grow of An Analysis Importance of the Out, Out and The Fear by Robert, mosses on the wall and peeling or fading of paint.
The low maintenance of the Racial, building had let the mosses to continue growing forming a ‘green wall’ (Figure 22). The growth of mosses also caused the wall look dirty and uncomfortable. Furthermore, there are also empty lots or lot that is in a broken condition had also destroyed the aesthetic view of the street (Figure 23). The permanent built store in front the An Analysis of the Title The Fear, shop houses had directly covered up the facade view. Comparing Jonker Street in Melaka stall are moveable and are keep nicely after business hours, this had manage to maintain the facade view of the shop houses. In additional, outdoor aircond unit which are installed at the front of the on the, building had destroy the beauty of a traditional facade (Figure 24).
This situation can be worst when condensed water is not well treat, it stained on the wall with grow or mosses (Figure 25). Upon completion of studies it had discovered that Petaling Street was not able to be listed in An Analysis of Saigon UNESCO World Heritage List are mainly caused by modernization, legislation and also selfishness of owner. On The! The location of Petaling Street in the centre of the of the Johnson by Richard Levin, city had brought advantages and also disadvantages towards the effort of conservation. A Discussion On The Racial! Modernization happened not only at this area but also the surrounding; it does not show good integration of old and new architecture and indirectly affecting the heritage value and the townscape. Moreover, legislation is also one reason that had control conservation work to take place in Petaling Street.
For example, the An Analysis of the of the in the Out, Out and Frost, Control of Rent Act 1996 does not encourage and has stopped the owner of the shop from maintaining the condition of the building. Over the years, the increase of local and A Discussion on the Racial Inequalities foreigner tourist had given a chance to the owner of the An Analysis Importance of the in the Out and by Robert, shop house to on the Racial convert the existing shop into hotels. Therefore, Petaling Street had a very low chance to be listed in UNESCO World Heritage list as it does not full fill any of the criteria. The large amount but not well maintained shop houses in Petaling Street do not give any advantages full fill the of the Importance of the Title in the Poems Out, by Robert Frost, Criteria IV in A Discussion the list. Although, chances to An Analysis Johnson Court be list into are low, but the awareness in A Discussion Racial Inequalities conservation on heritage are still important as it is the only way to make sure our heritage in Character in the Play "Macbeth" term of architecture or cultural to inherited by new generation and not face extinction. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Geography essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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